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The Pros and Cons of Imperialism At the Turn of the 20th Century

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Presentation on theme: "The Pros and Cons of Imperialism At the Turn of the 20th Century"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Pros and Cons of Imperialism At the Turn of the 20th Century
US History

2 Three Factors Fueled American Imperialism
1.) 2.) 3.)

3 Arguments FOR Imperialism:
The US needed to continue its frontier experience overseas Continental frontier was not longer adequate for the population. US needed “elbow room”


5 Arguments FOR Imperialism (continued)
US belief in cultural superiority - ** **

6 Arguments FOR Imperialism (continued)
Imperialism was the product of strains in the society due to industrialization Increase in productivity=need for new markets to expand into US needs more natural resources

7 Arguments FOR Imperialism (continued)
Social Darwinism is a prominent belief -

8 Anti-Imperialism Arguments
Goes against beliefs of Christianity to force people to “follow suit”

9 Anti-Imperialism (continued)
Stay out of European affairs Use the two oceans to protect us Stay isolated Imperialism= tyranny US was a colony of Great Britain once

10 Anti-Imperialism (continued)
There is no need to expand overseas US is a vast nation Plenty of natural resources Plenty of markets for goods

11 Discussion Questions How was American Imperialism beneficial to the United States? What were some consequences of American Imperialism? Does modern American Imperialism exist today? If so what are the pro’s and con’s?


13 Hawaii Crossroads of the Pacific
Queen Liliuokalani – Hawaii for the Hawaiians!!!! Hawaiian annexation ceremony was in 1898 US intervention = long lasting resentment among native Hawaiians.


15 Philippines 1901- United States ends Filipino Revolt – after 3 years at a cost of $600 Million -Emilio Aguinaldo - Leader of Filipino uprising

16 Puerto Rico 1900 - Foraker Act. 1901-1903  the Insular Cases.
PR became an “unincorporated territory.” Citizens of PR, not of the US. Import duties on PR goods  the Insular Cases. Constitutional rights were not automatically extended to territorial possessions. Congress had the power to decide these rights. Import duties laid down by the Foraker Act were legal!

17 TR in Panama (Construction begins in 1904)
Panama Canal

18 Cuba Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration.
Imperialist and American nationalist. Criticized President McKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair! Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.

19 Cuba Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain!
Funeral for Maine victims in Havana

20 American Imperialism Video
For an overview of American Imperialism please copy and paste this link into the browser:

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