4Building a Spanish Empire Spain’s Empire in the AmericasBuilding a Spanish EmpireConquistadors – men eager for personal glory and material gainSearched Central and South America for silver and goldSpread the word of GodEarly success of finding riches boosts Spains coffers. Spain extremely aggressive (Spanish Armada). Other nations fear their power so begin exploring for riches as well Martin Luther (German monk) leads a revolt against the Catholic Church and questions authority of the pope. Thought church was corrupt and materialistic. Protested…Protestant religon. Splits because of no unifying power but spread through europe. Spain remains fiercly Catholic and seeks to spread Catholisim
5Hernan Cortes Arrives in Mexico Spain’s Empire in the AmericasHernan Cortes Arrives in MexicoA Spanish expedition consisting of 11 ships set sail westward in hopes of expanding the Empire.Used his personal wealth to finance the tripCortes emptied his personal wealth and poured it into the trip. He mortgaged his lands. He called on friends to both help prepare for the trip and to join his small army.
6Hernan Cortes Arrives in Mexico Spain’s Empire in the AmericasHernan Cortes Arrives in Mexico1519 Cortes’ armada arrived at VeracruzMontezuma (Aztec Leader) sent envoys to greet the SpaniardsThe Spaniard fired shots to intimidate the greeting party
7Hernan Cortes Arrives in Mexico Spain’s Empire in the AmericasHernan Cortes Arrives in MexicoReports went back to Montezuma, saying: "The noise weakened one, dizzied one. Something like a stone came out of their weapons in a shower of fire and sparks. The smoke was foul; it had a sickening, fetid smell."Another message characterized the visitors as people with "very light skin, much lighter than ours. They all have long beards, and their hair comes only to their ears"
8Hernan Cortes Arrives in Mexico Spain’s Empire in the AmericasHernan Cortes Arrives in MexicoThe envoys also described the visitors, who traveled on horseback, as beasts with "two heads and six legs“
9Cortes Subdues the Aztec Spain’s Empire in the AmericasCortes Subdues the AztecAztec leader, Montezuma thought Cortes was a god, gave Cortes a portion of the Aztec gold
10Cortes Subdues the Aztec Spain’s Empire in the AmericasCortes Subdues the AztecPossessed technological advantage and defeated the AztecCortes's victory in Mexico transformed Spain into the richest nation in world in the 1500s.
11Exploring Florida 1513 Juan Ponce de Leon Spain’s Empire in the AmericasExploring Florida1513 Juan Ponce de LeonSearching for the legendary fountain of youth1521 died due to injuries suffered when fighting Native Americans
12Exploring Florida Hernando De Soto Spain’s Empire in the AmericasExploring FloridaHernando De SotoIn 1539, de Soto’s conquistadors crossed present-day Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas.St. Augustine – 1st permanent European settlement in the New World.
13Spain’s Empire in the Americas Exploring FloridaSpanish abandoned exploration in 1562, disease, starvation, and natives
14Spain’s Empire in the Americas Seven Cities of Cibola1540 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado searched for riches in present day Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansasfound nothing in two yearsBelieved by early Spanish explorers to contain vast treasures
15New Mexico Juan de Oñate Spain’s Empire in the AmericasNew MexicoJuan de Oñateestablished the colony of New Mexico, with Santa Fe as the capital (after 1607)
16Desire of the Spanish monarchy to spread the word of God Spain’s Empire in the AmericasDesire of the Spanish monarchy to spread the word of GodPriests were to teach natives “trades and skills with which they might live richly”Priests learned native languages and baptized natives
17Encomienda Encomienda Spain’s Empire in the AmericasEncomiendaEncomiendaa system in which Spanish authorities granted colonial landlords the service of Native Americans as forced laborers.
18Spain’s Empire in the Americas EncomiendaNatives farmed, ranched, or mined for Spanish landlords, who had received the rights to their labor from Spanish authorities.
19Castas - racial hierarchy Spain’s Empire in the AmericasCastas - racial hierarchySpaniardsMestizoIndians
20Resistance to the Spanish Spain’s Empire in the AmericasResistance to the SpanishThe Catholic missionaries who settled north of Mexico not only tried to Christianize the peoples they encountered but also attempted to impose Spanish culture on them.
21Spain’s Empire in the Americas Conflict in New MexicoSpanish priests suppressed many of their ceremonial dances and rituals.
22Spain’s Empire in the Americas Conflict in New MexicoDuring the 1670s, priests and soldiers around Santa Fe began forcing Native Americans to help support the missions by paying an offering of either goods or services.
23Spain’s Empire in the Americas Pueblo RevoltOne unfortunate Native American who felt the sting of a Spanish whip was the Pueblo religious leader, Pope’.The priest punished Pope’ for his worship practices, which they interpreted as witchcraft.
24Spain’s Empire in the Americas Pueblo RevoltIn 1680, he led a well-organized uprising against the Spanish that involved some 17,000 warriors from villages all over New Mexico.Taos Pueblo
25Spain’s Empire in the Americas Pueblo RevoltDestroyed Catholic churches, executed priests, and drove the Spaniards back into New Spain.
26Spain’s Empire in the Americas Pueblo RevoltFor the next 14 years- the southwest region of the future United States once again belonged to the original inhabitants.
27In – Class/HW Spanish Explorers in North America Map Turn to page 36 Spain’s Empire in the AmericasIn – Class/HWSpanish Explorers in North America MapTurn to page 36Complete as much as possible from the map – you will need to use other resources to finish the map/questions