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Chapter 8.1 Latin Americans Win Independence
Nationalist Revolution Sweeps the West Chapter 8
Colonial Society Divided Race and Class System Latin America has social classes that determine job and authority Peninsulares – Born in Spain, the head the colonial government, society
Creoles – American born Spaniards who can become army officers Mestizos have both European and Native ancestry
Mulattos – have both European and African ancestry Slaves, Indians at the bottom of security
Revolution in the Americas Haiti is first Latin American territory to gain freedom from colonial master Slave revolt in 1791 led by Toussaint L’Ouverture
Haiti Santo Domingue declares independence in 1803 and is renamed Haiti First black colony to win independence
Creoles Lead Independence Inspired by the enlightenment, Latin American revolutionaries fight for independence
Simon Bolivar – Wealthy Creole leads Venezuela in revolution Jose de San Martin – leader of Argentinean revolutionary forces
Latin America Bolivar – Venezuela declares independence in 1811, Bolivar wins war by 1821 San Martin – Argentina independence in 1816, San Martin helps free Chile
Latin America Bolivar’s and San Martin’s forces drive Spanish out of Peru in 1824
Mexican Independence Padre Miguel Hidalgo – Priest who launches Mexican revolt in 1810 leads 80,000 Indian and mestizo followers on Mexico City
Mexico Jose Maria Morelos – leads revolt after Hidalgo’s defeat, but loses Mexican creoles react, declare Mexico independent in 1821, Central America breaks away from Mexico in 1823
Brazil’s Royal Liberator Bloodless Revolution – Napoleon invades Portugal causing royal family to move to Brazil in 1807 Portuguese court returns to Portugal after Napoleons defeat in 1815
Portuguese Prince Dom Pedro stays behind in Brazil Accepts Brazillians’ request to rule their new country Official declaration of independence in September of 1822
Independence By 1830, nearly all Latin American regions win independence
Nationalist Revolution Sweeps the West Chapter 8.
CHAPTER 8: Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the West,
Chapter 8, Section 3: Revolts in Latin America Section Summary By the late 1700s, revolutionary fever had spread to Latin America, where the social system.
Latin American Independence Movements Late 1700s, Enlightenment and revolutionary ideas spread into Latin America. Educated Latin Americans read works.
Latin American Independence Movements. Influences on Latin American Nationalism Enlightenment Ideas Government that works for the people American Revolution.
Bell Ringer 1. The revolutions of 1848 happened in many countries. List four of them. 2. What were the results of these revolutions? 3. The revolutions.
20. What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna? 21. Who was the most influential leader at the Congress of Vienna? 22. What were his 3 main goals?
Nationalist Revolution Sweep the West, Chapter 24.
Consolidation of Latin America, I. Independence Movements Independence movements based on class conflicts and the desire for self-government.
Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Ms. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.
Nation Building and Economic Transformation in the Americas, Chapter 23.
Latin America Colonization & Independence. Aztec Empire Recap 1200s 1200s Tribe of hunters/farmers who migrated to southern Mexico. Tribe of hunters/farmers.
European Imperialism Chapter 14, Sections 1-4.
Lesson 2: Latin American Independence Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin.
The Age of Reason Music, Art, and Technologies. The sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries brought many changes in the arts, literature, and.
Unit XX – Latin America Independence Movements (2 – 12) Yankee Imperialism (13-16) Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved.
CONSOLIDATION OF LATIN AMERICA 1810 – THEMES Latin America in the 19th century – Shaped by internal divisions – Threats from foreign imperialism.
SOL Review Part II Sections Pioneers of the Scientific Revolution Nicolaus Copernicus: Developed heliocentric theory. (planets revolve around sun)
President Monroe. 1. The Era of Good Feelings a. Occurred when Monroe was president. There were few political divisions in the U.S. and we weren't at.
Latin America History TEST REVIEW SS6H1,SS6H2, SS6H3.
1750 – 1914 CE The Modern Era The Age of Industrial Revolutions The Age of Atlantic Revolutions The Age of Nationalism The 2 nd Age of Imperialism The.
Energy: coal and steam replace wind, water, human and animal labor Organization: factories over cottage industries Rural agriculture declines, urban manufacturing.
Please write this on pg. 33A! Point of View- point of view refers to how a person or character looks at, or views, an object or a situation Please do not.
Pre-Class 1/5/10 In your notes: Give this picture a title List 3 details that you see in this picture What stands out to you in this picture? Write down.
Causes of Imperialism Economic Motives The Industrial Revolution created an insatiable demand for raw materials and new markets. Nationalism European.
$1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 Welcome.
Chapter Ten Mexico Section Two A Place of Three Cultures.
AP World History UNIT IV Periodization Question: Why 1750 –1914? 1750 – Start of political revolutions, industrial revolution, capitalism 1914.
Toussaint LOuverture I was born a slave, but nature gave me the soul of a free man.
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