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By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY

2 Revolt of Prairial, Year III

3 Constitution of the Year III  Conservative, monarchist victory. e Elections are nullified. e Martial law is imposed. e Creates the Directory and institutionalized the Thermidorean Reaction. * 5-man oligarchy. [avoid a dictatorship]

4 Characteristics of the Directory  The Paris Commune was outlawed. e The Law of 22 Prairial was revoked. e People involved in the original Terror were now attacked. --> “White” Terror e Inflation continues. e R ule by rich bourgeois liberals. e Self-indulgence --> frivolous culture; salons return; wild fashions. e Political corruption. e Revival of Catholicism.

5 18 Brumaire [Nov. 9]  Coup d’état by Napoleon. e Approved by a plebiscite in December. e Abbe Sieyes: Confidence from below; authority from above. e

6 Political Instability: e April, > Inflation; bread riots. e October, > Revolt of the right. * Vendée and Brittany revolted. * military suppressed them. e May, > First “communist” revolt * Gracchus Babeuf and the “Conspiracy of Equals”

7 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES o “Hist210—Europe in the Age of Revolutions.” chron/rch5.htm chron/rch5.htm chron/rch5.htm o “Liberty, Fraternity, Equality: Exploring the French Revolution.” o Matthews, Andrew. Revolution and Reaction: Europe, Cambridge University Press, o “The Napoleonic Guide.”


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