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Chapter 27 and 28 Notes AP US History Mrs. Marshall.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 27 and 28 Notes AP US History Mrs. Marshall."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 27 and 28 Notes AP US History Mrs. Marshall

2  The policy of extending a nation’s authority over other countries by economic, political or military means

3 Factors which fueled American imperialism:  Desire for military strength  Thirst for new markets  The belief in the superiority of American culture

4  1890 -- US Navy officer Alfred Thayer Mahan published The Influence of Sea Power Upon History.  Believed country’s greatness was due to navy and control of the seas

5  US needed foreign markets because Farms and factories produced more than Americans could consume. Also, needed raw materials for their factories.

6  People of US believed they were better. Racist belief came from the people’s pride in their Anglo-Saxon heritage. Felt they had duty to spread their culture and Christian religion

7  James G. Blaine presided over First Pan- American Conference in 1889.

8  Samoan Islands in South pacific.  America Samoa is an American possession.  Hawaiian Islands  1875-US agreed to import sugar duty-free.  McKinley Tariff (1890) resulted in Hawaiian growers facing competition form other growers.  Hawaiian sugar growers wanted the US to annex Hawaii

9  1887- US had forced Hawaii to let it build a naval base at Pearl Harbor.  American business leaders organized a revolt against the queen-US ambassador, John L. Stevens helped.  Established a temporary government with Sanford B. Dole as president.

10  Pres. Cleveland refused to annex the islands unless majority of Hawaiians favored it.  1897 McKinley became President- Hawaii became a US territory in 1898

11  Belonged to Spain/wanted their independence  Sugar most important product in Cuba  Cuban economy collapsed in 1894 due to tariff  1895 Cubans led a revolt/revolt led by Jose Marti  Rebels wanted US to help them  1896 Spain sent army to Cuba to restore order. General Valeriano Weyler placed many Cubans in concentration camps

12  Reporting that exaggerates the news in order to make it more exciting

13 2 events which led to the entry of the US:  The publication of the de Lôme letter which insulted President McKinley  The explosion of the USS Maine in the Havana harbor

14  US Congress declared war April of 1898  Teller Amendment- stated the US had no intention of exercising control or sovereignty over Cuba.

15  Where 1 st battle of Spanish-American War occurred  American naval commander George Dewey sailed into Manila and destroyed Spanish fleet  US soldiers then fought on side of Filipino rebels to help them gain independence

16  American troops landed on island June 1898  Rough Riders-volunteer soldiers/Theodore Roosevelt  Spain surrendered July 25  The war lasted 113 days

17  Granted Cuba its independence  Spain gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the US  US paid Spain $20 million for the annexation of the Philippine Islands

18  Anti-Imperialist League People who organized to fight McKinley’s expansionist moves.  Protectorate A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power

19  Sec. of War Elihu Root drafted the Platt Amendment in which Cuba became an American protectorate and the Platt Amendment became a part of the Cuban Constitution.

20  Forbade interference by any foreign nation in Cuba  Stated that the US had the right to maintain order in Cuba  Cuba became an independent nation in 1934/Platt Amendment was withdrawn.

21  An agreement was made between the US and Cuba/can only be revoked by the consent of both countries.  A us naval base-It is a 28,000 acre Cuban beachhead.

22  As a result of the war, American prestige rose sharply.

23  Congress passed the Foraker Act in 1900 which ended military rule and set up a civil government  1917 Congress made Puerto Ricans US citizens

24  Emilio Aguinaldo started a rebellion in 1899 against US. The US set up a government similar to one in Cuba.  Granted Filipinos independence July 4, 1946

25  Sec. of State John Hay proposed an “open door” policy in China in which all nations would have equal trading and development rights throughout all of China. Placed all imperialists powers on equal footing in China

26  They were protesting the influence of western countries in China.  After rebellion was defeated the US issued more Open Door notes

27  William McKinley was reelected with Theodore Roosevelt as his Vice President  September 1901 McKinley was assassinated at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo by Leon Czolgosz. Leon Czolgosz after assassinating William McKinley in September, 1900

28  Began in 1904. Both wanted to control Korea. Japan captured Korea and invaded Manchuria which was controlled by Russia.  1905 representatives from both countries met-Roosevelt served as the negotiator. Treaty of Portsmouth was signed.  1906 Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

29  Isthmus of Panama  Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901 removed all joint rights to any canal, giving the US sole rights to construct, control and maintain a canal.  Panama was a province of Colombia. US helped Panama rebel against Colombia and Panama became independent.

30  US received rights to a canal zone which was to extend 5 miles on each side of route  Would pay Panama $10 million  Would pay Panama yearly rental of $250,000.00  US guaranteed the independence of Panama and the neutrality terms of the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty would be honored

31  Corollary- a logical result of another statement  Roosevelt Corollary- claimed the US had the right not only to oppose European intervention in the Western Hemisphere but to intervene itself in the domestic affairs of its neighbors if those neighbors proved unable to protect US investments.  Roosevelt tied it to the Monroe Doctrine to gain legitimacy.

32  1907-1908  Agreement by the government of Japan to limit Japanese emigration to the US in exchange for San Francisco desegregating the schools

33  Agreed to respect each other’s territorial holdings in the pacific and to uphold the Open Door Policy.  The US was recognizing Japan’s imperialist presence in Manchuria and Korea

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