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An Emerging World Power

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Presentation on theme: "An Emerging World Power"— Presentation transcript:

1 An Emerging World Power
Chapter 5 Academic Mrs. Hauber

2 Section 1: Roots of Imperialism
Definition Historical roots Early Expansion Perry Cushing Seward Prior to 1870, Where did Americans expand? What was the catch phrase for expanding out west? Manifest Destiny—idea that America was destined by God to expand its boundaries over a vast area. (altruistic as opposed to selfish) Between 1870 and 1890 America was primarily concerned with rebuilding after the Civil War, the advance of the railroad and many other domestic issues. In 1893, the Us hit a sort of depression and many felt that it was the result of an overabundance of product in the US. They needed new markets. 1893 Wold Fair in Chicago showed thhe new spirtit of expansionism.

3 Causes of Imperialism Economic Natural Resources Spread of Religion
Increased Prosperity Military Reasons Spread of Democracy National Superiority Manifest Destiny Social Darwinism

4 Video on Expansion

5 Sea Power Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan—wrote “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History” Need for more markets Need for powerful navy to support trade Colonies to provide raw materials Naval bases Panama Canal By 1900 US was 3rd ranking navy Mahan called for a canal in Panama, dominance of the Caribbean, and control of the Samoan and Hawaiian Islands. Review Excerpt on his book and have students fill out worksheet

6 Video on Mahan

7 William Seward Purchase of Alaska “Seward’s Folly” Two main resources

8 Purchase of Alaska

9 US Influence in Latin America
Pan-American Conference in 1889 Venezuelan Boundary Dispute Monroe Doctrine Showed a more aggressive nature from the US The issue was over the boundary between land that Great Britain owned in Latin America (now called Guyana) and Venezuela.

10 Interest in Hawaii Links to the US Voting Rights New Tariff

11 The Annexation of Hawaii
Queen Lilikoulani John Stevens Treaty was drawn up In 1893, Grover Cleveland withdrew treaty and restored “Queen Lil” to the throne. In 1898, US finally annexed Hawaii under McKinley

12 Annexing Hawaii

13 Videoclip on US’s expansion

14 Section 2: The Spanish-American War
The Spanish-American War marked the rise of the United States as a global military power.

15 Revolt in Cuba US was always interested in Cuba
Sugar plantations Investments in railroads Cuba was a colony of Spain Cuban rebels fought for independence from Spain Jose Marti

16 The Cuban Revolt

17 Spain’s Response Valeriano “Butcher” Weyler—ruthless General sent by Spain to put down revolt. Concentration camps Torture Starvation and Disease

18 The Yellow Press Type of journalism that told
scandalous stories to sell papers. Joseph Pulitzer—headed “New York World” Magazine and printed sensational stories of Spanish atrocities. Invented the “Yellow Kid”—first comic strip in America William Randolph Hearst—headed the “New York Journal” The Yellow Press made Spain look bad and headed us more towards war. It created Jingoes—people who wanted war.

19 Other events that led to US Involvement
Dupuy DeLome—Spanish ambassador in Cuba that wrote a letter which insulted our President. Letter was published in US by the Yellow Press Sinking of the Maine—US Battleship that exploded outside of the Cuba died. US blamed Spain. Review transcript of Delome letter Review worksheet on the Causes of the Spanish American War

20 Sinking of the Maine

21 US Goes to War McKinley did not want war; but Americans demanded it.
April 11, 1898 US declares War

22 Defeat of the Spanish Fleet
George Dewey—ordered by TR to attack Spanish Fleet at the Philippines Dewey had a great victory—won within 7 hours! TR was Assistant Secretary tot the Navy at the time.

23 The Rough Riders A group of cowboys, sheriffs, and desperados from the west led by TR They defeated the Spanish at San Juan Hill in Cuba Cheering Americans celebrated their victory all over the US.

24 “Splendid Little War” Nickname given to the Spanish American War by John Hay Lasted only 4 months Only 385 battle deaths Acquired an empire Marked a big change in how the US related to the world

25 US Acquisitions Treaty of Paris Puerto Rico
Guam—to be used as a refueling station in the middle of the Pacific Ocean Philippines All 7000 islands Paid 20 million to Spain for land

26 Anti-Imperialists Those who were against the acquisition of new territories Reasons: Undermines democracy Threatens American culture Invites perpetual war Hypocritical Famous anti-imperialists included: Samuel Gompers, Andrew Carnegie, and William Jennings Bryan

27 Section 3: The US and East Asia
Filipinos wanted independence; they went from being ruled by Spain to being ruled by the US. Emilio Aguinaldo—Filipino that led revolt against Americans US used brutal methods to put the Filipinos down War lasted three years In 1901 Howard Taft became governor of the Philippines

28 Trade With China Spheres of Influence—Land was leased to spec
Open Door Policy-- Ever nation would have equal commercial treatment throughout China. China was defeated in a war with Spain. It was cut up into spheres of influence. France, Germany, Japan, and Russia forced the Chinese government to grant leases of land. The US was annexing Hawaii and the Philippines at the time. US was interested in trade with China. John Hay addressed the Great Powers and asked that every nation have equal commercial treatment throughout China.

29 Boxer Rebellion Boxers—Chinese rebels that rose up against foreign influence. Believed their hands were magic Into martial arts Outraged, many of the Great Powers wanted to divide China up and acquire it. US preserved China’s independence by urging the Great Powers to resume Open Door Policy US looked great in the eyes of the Chinese

30 Tensions Rise Between the US and Japan
Russo-Japanese War Teddy Roosevelt intervened and made a treaty Asian-American Prejudice Gentleman’s Agreement—ended segregation and Japan would limit its immigration Great White Fleet—16 US White Battleships went on a tour around the US.

31 Section 4: The US and Latin America
US Policy in Puerto Rico and Cuba “Big Stick” Diplomacy Building of the Panama Canal Roosevelt Corollary Wilson Pursues a Moral Diplomacy US and Mexico

32 Puerto Rico Foraker Act—authorized the US to obtain control and appoint a governor. Puerto Ricans were not given full citizenship rights in the US The US government could tax Puerto Rican goods sold in the US

33 Cuban Protectorate Teller Amendment—gave Cuba independence
Platt Amendment—gave the US the right to intervene in Cuba Protectorate—protection and partial control of another country

34 Teddy Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy
Depended on a strong military “Speak softly and carry a big stick”

35 Panama Canal French first tried but failed
Columbian revolt; Panamanians won US bought Panama route for $40 million Hardships Rock Yellow fever

36 Roosevelt Corollary Updated the Monroe Doctrine
The US would use police power to keep European influence out Latin America disagreed that they needed this protection

37 Dollar Diplomacy William Howard Taft’s Foreign Policy
Meant to increase American investments in Central and Latin America.

38 Moral Diplomacy Woodrow Wilson’s policy
Meant the US would not gain any more territory and would work to promote human rights, national integrity, and opportunity Exceptions: Haiti Mexico

39 Wilson Sends troops to Mexico
Revolution Porfirio Diaz—Mexican dictator that was overthrown Wilson wanted Carranza in power Pancho Villa—Mexican bandit seized control and killed 18 Americans in a fire in new Mexico Escaped and was never captured

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