Presentation on theme: "An Emerging World Power"— Presentation transcript:
1An Emerging World Power Chapter 5AcademicMrs. Hauber
2Section 1: Roots of Imperialism DefinitionHistorical rootsEarly ExpansionPerryCushingSewardPrior to 1870, Where did Americans expand?What was the catch phrase for expanding out west? Manifest Destiny—idea that America was destined by God to expand its boundaries over a vast area. (altruistic as opposed to selfish)Between 1870 and 1890 America was primarily concerned with rebuilding after the Civil War, the advance of the railroad and many other domestic issues.In 1893, the Us hit a sort of depression and many felt that it was the result of an overabundance of product in the US. They needed new markets.1893 Wold Fair in Chicago showed thhe new spirtit of expansionism.
3Causes of Imperialism Economic Natural Resources Spread of Religion Increased ProsperityMilitary ReasonsSpread of DemocracyNational SuperiorityManifest DestinySocial Darwinism
5Sea PowerCaptain Alfred Thayer Mahan—wrote “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History”Need for more marketsNeed for powerful navy to support tradeColonies to provide rawmaterialsNaval basesPanama CanalBy 1900 US was 3rd ranking navyMahan called for a canal in Panama, dominance of the Caribbean, and control of the Samoan and Hawaiian Islands.Review Excerpt on his book and have students fill out worksheet
9US Influence in Latin America Pan-American Conference in 1889Venezuelan Boundary DisputeMonroe DoctrineShowed a more aggressivenature from the USThe issue was over the boundary between land that Great Britain owned in Latin America (now called Guyana) and Venezuela.
10Interest in HawaiiLinks to the USVoting RightsNew Tariff
11The Annexation of Hawaii Queen LilikoulaniJohn StevensTreaty was drawn upIn 1893, Grover Cleveland withdrew treaty and restored “Queen Lil” to the throne.In 1898, US finally annexed Hawaii under McKinley
17Spain’s ResponseValeriano “Butcher” Weyler—ruthless General sent by Spain to put down revolt.Concentration campsTortureStarvation and Disease
18The Yellow Press Type of journalism that told scandalous stories to sell papers.Joseph Pulitzer—headed “New York World” Magazine and printed sensational stories of Spanish atrocities.Invented the “Yellow Kid”—first comic strip in AmericaWilliam Randolph Hearst—headed the “New York Journal”The Yellow Press made Spain look bad and headed us more towards war. It created Jingoes—people who wanted war.
19Other events that led to US Involvement Dupuy DeLome—Spanish ambassador in Cuba that wrote a letter which insulted our President.Letter was published in US by the Yellow PressSinking of the Maine—US Battleship that exploded outside of the Cuba died. US blamed Spain.Review transcript of Delome letterReview worksheet on the Causes of the Spanish American War
21US Goes to War McKinley did not want war; but Americans demanded it. April 11, 1898 US declares War
22Defeat of the Spanish Fleet George Dewey—ordered by TR to attack Spanish Fleet at the PhilippinesDewey had a great victory—won within 7 hours!TR was Assistant Secretary tot the Navy at the time.
23The Rough RidersA group of cowboys, sheriffs, and desperados from the west led by TRThey defeated the Spanish at San Juan Hill in CubaCheering Americans celebrated their victory all over the US.
24“Splendid Little War”Nickname given to the Spanish American War by John HayLasted only 4 monthsOnly 385 battle deathsAcquired an empireMarked a big change in how the US related to the world
25US Acquisitions Treaty of Paris Puerto Rico Guam—to be used as a refueling station in the middle of the Pacific OceanPhilippinesAll 7000 islandsPaid 20 million to Spain for land
26Anti-ImperialistsThose who were against the acquisition of new territoriesReasons:Undermines democracyThreatens American cultureInvites perpetual warHypocriticalFamous anti-imperialists included: Samuel Gompers, Andrew Carnegie, and William Jennings Bryan
27Section 3: The US and East Asia Filipinos wanted independence; they went from being ruled by Spain to being ruled by the US.Emilio Aguinaldo—Filipino that led revolt against AmericansUS used brutal methods to put the Filipinos downWar lasted three yearsIn 1901 Howard Taft became governor of the Philippines
28Trade With China Spheres of Influence—Land was leased to spec Open Door Policy-- Ever nation would have equal commercial treatment throughout China.China was defeated in a war with Spain. It was cut up into spheres of influence. France, Germany, Japan, and Russia forced the Chinese government to grant leases of land. The US was annexing Hawaii and the Philippines at the time. US was interested in trade with China. John Hay addressed the Great Powers and asked that every nation have equal commercial treatment throughout China.
29Boxer RebellionBoxers—Chinese rebels that rose up against foreign influence.Believed their hands were magicInto martial artsOutraged, many of the Great Powers wanted to divide China up and acquire it.US preserved China’s independence by urging the Great Powers to resume Open Door PolicyUS looked great in the eyes of the Chinese
30Tensions Rise Between the US and Japan Russo-Japanese WarTeddy Roosevelt intervened and made a treatyAsian-American PrejudiceGentleman’s Agreement—ended segregation and Japan would limit its immigrationGreat White Fleet—16 US White Battleships went on a tour around the US.
31Section 4: The US and Latin America US Policy in Puerto Rico and Cuba“Big Stick” DiplomacyBuilding of the Panama CanalRoosevelt CorollaryWilson Pursues a Moral DiplomacyUS and Mexico
32Puerto RicoForaker Act—authorized the US to obtain control and appoint a governor.Puerto Ricans were not given full citizenship rights in the USThe US government could tax Puerto Rican goods sold in the US
33Cuban Protectorate Teller Amendment—gave Cuba independence Platt Amendment—gave the US the right to intervene in CubaProtectorate—protection and partial control of another country
34Teddy Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy Depended on a strong military“Speak softly and carry a big stick”
35Panama Canal French first tried but failed Columbian revolt; Panamanians wonUS bought Panama route for $40 millionHardshipsRockYellow fever
36Roosevelt Corollary Updated the Monroe Doctrine The US would use police power to keep European influence outLatin America disagreed that they needed this protection
37Dollar Diplomacy William Howard Taft’s Foreign Policy Meant to increase American investments in Central and Latin America.
38Moral Diplomacy Woodrow Wilson’s policy Meant the US would not gain any more territory and would work to promote human rights, national integrity, and opportunityExceptions:HaitiMexico
39Wilson Sends troops to Mexico RevolutionPorfirio Diaz—Mexican dictator that was overthrownWilson wanted Carranza in powerPancho Villa—Mexican bandit seized control and killed 18 Americans in a fire in new MexicoEscaped and was never captured