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AS History Matters www.pastmatters.org AS History Matters www.pastmatters.org S T A R T E R September Massacres Execution of Louis XVI Revolt in the Vendee.

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Presentation on theme: "AS History Matters www.pastmatters.org AS History Matters www.pastmatters.org S T A R T E R September Massacres Execution of Louis XVI Revolt in the Vendee."— Presentation transcript:

1 AS History Matters AS History Matters S T A R T E R September Massacres Execution of Louis XVI Revolt in the Vendee Girondin deputies purged levee en masse decreed General Maximum introduced Law of Frimaire enacted Coup of Thermidor

2 AS History Matters AS History Matters S T A R T E R September Massacres Execution of Louis XVI Revolt in the Vendee Girondin deputies purged levee en masse decreed General Maximum introduced Law of Frimaire enacted Coup of Thermidor

3 AS History Matters AS History Matters S T A R T E R 1792 September Massacres 1793 Jan execution of Louis XVI 1793 Mar revolt in the Vendee 1793 Jun Girondin deputies purged 1793 Aug levee en masse decreed 1793 Sep General Maximum introduced 1793 Dec Law of Frimaire enacted 1794 Jul Coup of Thermidor

4 AS History Matters AS History Matters Friday, 08 May 2015 What were the significance of the events of ? KI3: The Terror

5 AS History Matters AS History Matters Friday, 08 May 2015 Session Aims Events of Explain the contents of the ki3 Define and explain the importance of the events between Revise the content and skills required for the exam.

6 AS History Matters AS History Matters Why did war break out in 1792?

7 AS History Matters AS History Matters Why did war break out in 1792? The ‘Austrian Committee’ Declaration of Pillnitz 1791 French Army commanders wanted war Brissotins wanted war

8 AS History Matters AS History Matters Key Idea 3 The French Revolution: Terror and the search for stability The execution of the King and the establishment of the Terror The influence and fall of Robespierre Events leading to the establishment of the Directory, including the risings of 1795 and the White Terror Events leading to the seizure of power by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799 For each bullet point write three or four questions.

9 AS History Matters AS History Matters TASK 1.Why was government by Terror introduced? 2.Why was the purge of the Girondin deputies important? 3.Was the federalist revolt a substantial threat? 4.Why did the revolt break out in the Vendee?

10 AS History Matters AS History Matters …created 23 Aug 1793 marked the start of total war. …administrative units of Parisian local government. …police and internal security. …the poor tradesmen and artisans. Those without knee-breeches....ministers, foreign policy and local government. …a fierce period of dechristianisation and attacks on Catholicism. The Commune and the Sections were… The sans-culottes were… The levee-en-masse was… Religious Terror marked… The CGS was responsible for… The CPS was responsible for…

11 AS History Matters AS History Matters Complete these two halves… The Commune and the Sections were…administrative units of Parisian local government. The sans-culottes were…the poor tradesmen and artisans. Those without knee-breeches. The levee-en-masse was…created 23 Aug 1793 marked the start of total war. Religious Terror marked…a fierce period of dechristianisation and attacks on Catholicism. The CGS was responsible for…police and internal security. The CPS was responsible for…ministers, foreign policy and local government.

12 AS History Matters AS History Matters The Revolutionary Republic During the French Revolution, the National Convention, comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from 20 September 1792 to 26 October It held executive power in France during the first years of the French First Republic. It was succeeded by the Directory, commencing 2 November Prominent members of the original Convention included Maximilien Robespierre of the Jacobin Club, Jean-Paul Marat (affiliated with the Jacobins, though never a formal member), and Georges Danton of the Cordeliers. From 1793 to 1794, executive power was de facto exercised by the Convention's Committee of Public Safety. France, like the rest of Europe, has never again used an elected constitutional convention to draft its constitutions, instead relying on the executive or legislative branches to draft successive constitutions before usually (but not always) submitting them to the electorate for approval in referendums. Read it all carefully. For your paragraph write a three-word summary.

13 AS History Matters AS History Matters P L E N A R Y (a)What were the features of the Coup of Thermidor? (b)What were the main characteristics of the period of the Directiore? (c)What was the ‘whiff of grapeshot’? (d)When was Napoleon’s coup d’etat?


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