Degas Degas’ penetrating observation, captured subtle differences in people’s faces and body language (especially within different economic classes). Degas respected the hard-working immigrants from Eastern Europe, especially working women.
Woman ironing', Edgar Degas, c.1890 The art of Degas was that of a 'Naturalist', depicting what was considered “vulgar” laundresses were commonly thought of as borderline prostitutes - in a way that was almost scientific
Käthe Kollwitz - Farmers' war Much of the art of modern social protest traces its roots to the work of German artist Käthe Kollwitz. One of a cycle of prints and drawings which the youthful Kollwitz produced on the theme of peasant revolt The cycle hearkened back to the Bauernkrieg (literally, "farmers' war") of the sixteenth century while portraying the dire straits of agricultural laborers in contemporary Germany.
Käthe Kollwitz Ploughers, etching and aquatint, 1906 The Plougher of her Peasant War series symbolises the oppressed of every age. Not the man behind the plough, but reduced to pulling it himself, he is a virtual beast of burden
Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945), Tod in Wasser / Death in the water this lithograph, produced shortly after Hitler assumed power, shows a drowned family, perhaps a prophetic vision of Germany's future as a country about to be drowning in death
Kathe Kollwitz (1867-1945), Woman with her Dead Child (1903)
KATHE KOLLWITZ 1867 - 1945 Woman in the Lap of Death (Tod mit Frau im Schoss) Woodcut on ivory wove paper, 1921
Rosa Luxemburg Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were among the founders of the Berlin Spartakusbund (Spartacus League) On January 15, 1919, Liebknecht and Luxemburg were shot to death during the Spartacus Revolt on the pretext that they were attempting escape. In this instance Kollwitz emphasizes grief and the human element over any explicit political reference
lmost whetted by Käthe Kollwitz No wonder the resentment of Kollwitz's peasant woman is also sharpened as she whets her scythe-in an etching significantly titled Almost whetted
Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945) Weberzug [March of the Weavers], fourth plate in Ein Weberaustand [Revolt of the Weavers], 1897
Käthe Kollwitz Revolt, THE PEASANT WAR 1899-1908
The Survivors, a drawing by the German artist Kathe Kollwitz, was used for a peace congress in The Hague, Holland, in 1922. The survivors say: War to War! The text on the right side says: Do not teach the children to glorify the war and war hero's; teach them to despise war