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War Languages Women and war in the art of Käthe Kollwitz Vesa Matteo Piludu University of Helsinki Department of Art Research.

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Presentation on theme: "War Languages Women and war in the art of Käthe Kollwitz Vesa Matteo Piludu University of Helsinki Department of Art Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 War Languages Women and war in the art of Käthe Kollwitz Vesa Matteo Piludu University of Helsinki Department of Art Research

2 Millet Gleaners 1857

3 Angelus

4 Shepherdess with Her Flock 1864

5 Title The Weeders Date 1868

6 Song of the Lark, 1884

7 Woman Sewing by Lamplight 1870

8 Jean Francois Millet

9 Millet Winnower

10 Courbet, The grain Sifters

11 Gustave Courbet, Sleeping spinner 1857

12 A woman Asleep 1657

13 Daumier, Honor Laveuse au Quai d'Anjou (Laundress on the Quai d'Anjou) c. 1860

14 Daumier, Honor The Burden (The Laundress) c

15 Degas, women ironig

16 Degas Degas’ penetrating observation, captured subtle differences in people’s faces and body language (especially within different economic classes). Degas respected the hard-working immigrants from Eastern Europe, especially working women.

17 Woman ironing', Edgar Degas, c.1890 The art of Degas was that of a 'Naturalist', depicting what was considered “vulgar” laundresses were commonly thought of as borderline prostitutes - in a way that was almost scientific

18 Two washer women by Degas

19 Il quarto stato, Pellizza da Valpredo (1901)

20 Käthe Kollwitz - Farmers' war Much of the art of modern social protest traces its roots to the work of German artist Käthe Kollwitz. One of a cycle of prints and drawings which the youthful Kollwitz produced on the theme of peasant revolt The cycle hearkened back to the Bauernkrieg (literally, "farmers' war") of the sixteenth century while portraying the dire straits of agricultural laborers in contemporary Germany.

21 Käthe Kollwitz Ploughers, etching and aquatint, 1906 The Plougher of her Peasant War series symbolises the oppressed of every age. Not the man behind the plough, but reduced to pulling it himself, he is a virtual beast of burden

22 Kathe Kollwitz (German, ) Brot! (Bread!) 1933

23 Arbeitslosigkeit, 1909, (Unemployment )

24 Hunger, 1925

25 Käthe Kollwitz Hunger 1925

26 Mother Holding Child in Her Arms, Second Version 1910

27 Kathe Kollwitz, Poverty,

28 Käthe Kollwitz (German, ), Tod in Wasser / Death in the water this lithograph, produced shortly after Hitler assumed power, shows a drowned family, perhaps a prophetic vision of Germany's future as a country about to be drowning in death

29 Kathe Kollwitz ( ), Woman with her Dead Child (1903)

30 Käthe Kollwitz Death Seizes the Children 1934

31 KATHE KOLLWITZ Woman in the Lap of Death (Tod mit Frau im Schoss) Woodcut on ivory wove paper, 1921

32 Rosa Luxemburg Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were among the founders of the Berlin Spartakusbund (Spartacus League) On January 15, 1919, Liebknecht and Luxemburg were shot to death during the Spartacus Revolt on the pretext that they were attempting escape. In this instance Kollwitz emphasizes grief and the human element over any explicit political reference

33 lmost whetted by Käthe Kollwitz No wonder the resentment of Kollwitz's peasant woman is also sharpened as she whets her scythe-in an etching significantly titled Almost whetted

34 Käthe Kollwitz (German, ) Weberzug [March of the Weavers], fourth plate in Ein Weberaustand [Revolt of the Weavers], 1897

35 Käthe Kollwitz Revolt, THE PEASANT WAR

36 Käthe Kollwitz, Outbreak, 1903

37 Kathe Kollwitz, Killed in Action (1921)

38 Kathe Kollwitz, Widows and Orphans (1919)

39 The parents

40 Mothers

41 After the Battle by Kathe Kollwitz.

42 The Survivors, a drawing by the German artist Kathe Kollwitz, was used for a peace congress in The Hague, Holland, in The survivors say: War to War! The text on the right side says: Do not teach the children to glorify the war and war hero's; teach them to despise war


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