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FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94)

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Presentation on theme: "FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94)"— Presentation transcript:

1 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94)

2 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661

3 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis concentrates first on internal developments

4 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Louis concentrates first on internal developments

5 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Louis concentrates first on internal developments

6 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Louis concentrates first on internal developments

7 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Louis concentrates first on internal developments

8 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments

9 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments

10 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments

11 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms

12 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms

13 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms

14 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay

15 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay

16 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay

17 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies

18 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies

19 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685)

20 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia

21 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers

22 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers

23 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl.

24 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height

25 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

26 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

27 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

28 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

29 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

30 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

31 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Armies spread out to make better use of firepower  Need tighter discipline since armies were spread out  More deadly & destr. warfareTighter state control of armies Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

32 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Armies spread out to make better use of firepower  Need tighter discipline since armies were spread out  More deadly & destr. warfareTighter state control of armies Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

33 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Armies spread out to make better use of firepower  Need tighter discipline since armies were spread out  More deadly & destr. warfareTighter state control of armies Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

34 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ wars get longer, bloodier, & less profitable Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Armies spread out to make better use of firepower  Need tighter discipline since armies were spread out  More deadly & destr. warfareTighter state control of armies Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles

35 FC.95 LOUIS XIV’S FRANCE (1661-1715) Financially ruinous  Set stage for French Revolution in 1789 (FC. 105) Kings reduce nobles’ power (FC. 94) High taxes during 30 Yrs War (FC. 94) Revolt known as Fronde (1648-53) drives young Louis XIV from Paris until put down by Cardinal Mazarin who rules for Louis until 1661 Louis’ wars get longer, bloodier, & less profitable Adoption of new weapons by both sides: Pre-measured cartridges of powder  Load faster Flintlock musket  Loads faster Bayonet  Don’t need pikemen Louis’ suspicion of non-Cath’s Hatred of Paris & desire for glory Mercantilist policies to build Fr. econ.: Colonies  Mkts & resources Rds, bridges & canals New ind’s to cut imports Ltd. success because: Medieval econ. of tolls, guilds, & poor agr. Govt. rules & reg’s stifled initiative Louis concentrates first on internal developments Built & controlled better army through: Supply lines to stop foraging Strict discipl. & training Stand. equip. & uniforms Ltd. success because: Selling milit. offices  System broke down Big army  Supply lines & discip. decay By late 1660s, Louis feels strong enough to follow more aggressive domestic & foreign policies Much of Europe allies vs. Louis to maintain BOP Revokes religious freedom for Huguenots (1685) 1000’s leave for Holland, Eng. & Prussia Hurts econ. w/loss of many skilled workers Armies spread out to make better use of firepower  Need tighter discipline since armies were spread out  More deadly & destr. warfareTighter state control of armies Builds palace at Versailles away from Paris’ infl. Huge court of 10,000 people at its height Very costly for both the state & nobles


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