Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

DEMOCRACY TO BRUTALITY The Caning of Senator Sumner Charles Sumner, Massachusetts Senator gives a stirring speech “Crime against Kansas” against slavery.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "DEMOCRACY TO BRUTALITY The Caning of Senator Sumner Charles Sumner, Massachusetts Senator gives a stirring speech “Crime against Kansas” against slavery."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 DEMOCRACY TO BRUTALITY

3 The Caning of Senator Sumner Charles Sumner, Massachusetts Senator gives a stirring speech “Crime against Kansas” against slavery (and Senator Andrew Butler). Charles Sumner – Massachusetts Senator 1851-1874

4 The Caning of Senator Sumner “defend his uncle’s honor”. Preston Brooks, South Carolina Senator, uses a walking stick to beat Sumner in an effort to “defend his uncle’s honor”.

5

6 The Caning of Senator Sumner Sumner is absent for 3 years; empty chair reminder of violence

7 The Caning of Senator Sumner Brooks resigns; Southern supporters send him new canes

8

9 - Asks the question; Can this be resolved peacefully? Remember Lawrence, Kansas? Ruins of Free State Hotel after Sacking of Lawrence. Sheriff Jones collected a posse of 750 southerners to enter Lawrence, disarm the citizens, wreck the press, and destroy the Free State Hotel. The two printing offices were hacked, the presses destroyed, and the types thrown in the river. Several kegs of gunpowder were exploded within, with no appreciable damage to the walls, so the structure was burned. There was one fatality, a slavery proponent killed by falling masonry. This is important….

10 If this could happen in Congress… This could happen anywhere!

11 Dred Scott – slave in Missouri John Emerson, owner, moves them to Illinois Dred Scott Decision (1857)

12 Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott – slave in Missouri John Emerson, owner, moves them to Illinois

13 Scott sues for his freedom “Am I not a man?” Missouri State Courthouse Dred Scott Decision (1857)

14 Roger Taney Roger Taney Supreme Court rules AGAINST Dred Scott Dred Scott Dred Scott

15 His case was based on the fact that he and his wife Harriet were slaves, but had lived in states and territories where slavery was illegal, including Illinois and Wisconsin, which was then part of the Louisiana Purchase. The court ruled seven to two against Scott, finding that neither he, nor any person of African ancestry, could claim citizenship in the United States, and that therefore Scott could not bring suit in federal court under diversity of citizenship rules. Moreover, Scott's temporary residence outside Missouri did not affect his emancipation under the Missouri Compromise, since reaching that result would deprive Scott's owner of his property.

16 African Americans cannot - Sue in federal court - Sue in federal court -Be legal citizens of the U.S. - See Hope slip away; kills opportunities of equality Dred Scott Decision (1857)

17 National Park Service, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial A plaque in St. Louis that commemorates Dred and Harriet Scott.

18 What is the impact of this decision? SLAVERY CAN GO ANYWHERE!!

19 Remember… It’s not too late To turn things around!!!

20 STATEMENTS BEYOND THE LAW!

21 NAT TURNER’S REVOLT 1831

22 Nat started with a few trusted fellow slaves traveling from house to house. Because the rebels did not want to alert anyone to their presence as they carried out their attacks, they initially used knives, hatchets, axes, and blunt instruments instead of firearms. Before Nat and his brigade of rebels met resistance at the hands of a white militia. Nat Turner's rebellion was suppressed within 48 hours, but Nat eluded capture until October 30 when he was discovered hiding in a cave and then taken to court.

23 Leads 40 – 50 slaves in a revolt killing 55 whites in Virginia NAT TURNER’S REVOLT 1831

24 - Turner is caught, and hung NAT TURNER’S REVOLT 1831

25 - Harsh codes for slaves are put in place to restrict their activities

26 JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY

27 BEFORE POTAWATOMIE CREEK: I836, Franklin Mills, Ohio (now Kent). The Panic of 1837 (Remember the laissez faire approach of Martin Van Buren) hit his family hard. He borrowed money to buy land and operate a tannery. Losing money on State bonds, Brown was even jailed when he attempted to retain ownership of a farm by occupying it against the claims of the new owner. Brown also tried selling sheep and trading cattle in an attempt to get out of debt. He eventually moved to Kansas to try to help it become a “Free Soil” State. John Brown, white Ohioan, Abolitionist, an “Instrument of God” JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY

28 Brown grew a beard partly as a disguise after the Pottawattamie Creek Massacre as he and his sons were fugitives from the law for several years. D i s g u i s e

29 - He and 18 followers take over a military arsenal in Virginia, JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY

30 The armory was a large complex of buildings that contained 100,000 muskets and rifles, which Brown planned to seize and use to arm local slaves. They would then head south, drawing off more and more slaves from plantations, and fighting only in self-defense.

31 Brown had a Connecticut Blacksmith create 1,000 of these iron pikes to give to slaves to use in the raid. JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY On October 16, 1859, Brown (leaving three men behind as a rear guard) led 19 men in an attack on the Harpers Ferry Armory. He had received 200 breech loading.52 caliber Sharps carbines and pikes from northern abolitionist societies in preparation for the raid.

32 I will deplete Virginia of its slaves, causing the institution to collapse in one county after another, until the movement spread into the South, essentially wreaking havoc on the economy of the pro- slavery states!

33 The spot was chosen by Brown because of the Potomac River and the Shenandoah River met there and a Railroad came through, as well the access to weapons. JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY

34 - He and 18 followers take over a military arsenal in Virginia, cuts telegraphs, 5 dead

35 Initially, the raid went well, and they met no resistance entering the town. They cut the telegraph wires and easily captured the armory, which was being defended by a single watchman. They next rounded up hostages from nearby farms, including Colonel Lewis Washington, great-grand-nephew of George Washington. They also spread the news to the local slaves that their liberation was at hand. Things started to go wrong when an eastbound Baltimore & Ohio train approached the town. The train's baggage master tried to warn the passengers. Brown's men yelled for him to halt and then opened fire. The baggage master, Hayward Shepherd, became the first casualty of John Brown's war against slavery. Ironically, Shepherd was a free black man. {Two of the hostages slaves also died in the raid. [12] }For some reason, after the shooting of Shepherd, Brown allowed the train to continue on its way. News of the raid reached Washington by late morning.

36

37

38 -Hoped slaves would join raid, plan failed

39 - Robert E. Lee, federal officer of U.S. army, puts down revolt along with local militias JOHN BROWN’S RAID AT HARPER’S FERRY

40 By morning (October 18) the engine house, later known as John Brown's Fort, was surrounded by a company of U.S. Marines under the command of Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee of the United States Army. A young Army lieutenant, J.E.B. Stuart, approached under a white flag and told the raiders that their lives would be spared if they surrendered. Brown refused, saying, "No, I prefer to die here." Stuart then gave a signal. The Marines used sledge hammers and a make-shift battering-ram to break down the engine room door. Lieutenant Israel Greene cornered Brown and struck him several times, wounding his head. In three minutes Brown and the survivors were captives-with two marine casualties-one killed and one wounded. Altogether Brown's men killed four people, and wounded nine.

41 -Brown is tried; found guilty of treason, Brown was injured badly during the raid and needed help standing -Brown is tried; found guilty of treason, Brown was injured badly during the raid and needed help standing

42 -B-Brown is tried, found guilty of treason, hanged

43 Would the South be more worried about Brown’s revolt or Turner’s Revolt?

44 Because of Brown’s Raid, the South Begins to form militias!

45 WAS BROWN JUSTIFIED? YOU DECIDE!

46 REMEMBER… JOHN BROWN IS NOT JAMES BROWN!! The Meteor of the War The Godfather of Soul


Download ppt "DEMOCRACY TO BRUTALITY The Caning of Senator Sumner Charles Sumner, Massachusetts Senator gives a stirring speech “Crime against Kansas” against slavery."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google