Actions that led the Ionian Revolt The Persians started as a small tribe in Iran. Persian Archers were skilled. This enabled the Persians to conquer many lands. At its height the Persian empire was the largest the world has ever known. To rule so large an area the ruler, King Darius, divided the empire into provinces. King Darius appointed officials to conduct government business within each province. In 546 BC the Persians conquered wealthy Greek settlements in Ionia.
Ionian Revolt begins-499 BC After many years of Persian rule, the Greek settlers in Ionia had had enough of the Persians. After many years of Persian rule, the Greek settlers in Ionia had had enough of the Persians. The Ionians knew they could not defeat the Persians on their own. They asked mainland Greece for help. The Ionians knew they could not defeat the Persians on their own. They asked mainland Greece for help.
Athens to the rescue Athens sent soldiers and a small fleet of ships to Ionia. The Athenians quickly had success. They left the Ionians to defend themselves against the Persians
Aftermath of Ionian revolt King Darius was not at all happy with the revolt in Ionia. (Why Would he be?) He quickly sent troops to destroy an Ionian city, Miletus. (Problematic) Some citizens were sold into slavery and the Ionian army was crushed. At this point King Darius wants to extend his empire into mainland Greece. King Darius sent a representative to ask for “gifts” of earth and water from the ancient Greek mainland. These “gifts” would be sign of that the Greeks agreed to Persian rule.
The Greeks were not happy with this, each messenger was thrown into a well or pit. “If you want Greek earth and water, help yourselves!”
Battle of Marathon begins 490 BC King Darius responds by sending a large army of soldiers across the Aegean Sea. These soldiers assembled on the plain of Marathon I thought a marathon was an event in the Olympics!
Miltiades an Athenian general Miltiades was desperate for help. He sent a runner, named Pheidippides, to Sparta to ask for help. When Pheidippides arrived the Spartans were celebrating a festival. They told Pheidippides they would come in a few more weeks. Pheidippides had run for 2 days and nights! When Miltiades heard this he had to devise a plan.
Battle of Marathon videos. Marathon is considered a decisive historical battle. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ot4Pu sEalnA&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ot4Pu sEalnA&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPinr H-akvc&feature=watch_response http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPinr H-akvc&feature=watch_response http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ng5di P1VISY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ng5di P1VISY
The Greeks had a victory against the Persians!!
Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC King Xerxes, son of the Persian King Darius, planned another attack on Greece. King Xerxes sent 180,000 soldiers to Greece. Xerxes planned both a sea and land attack. The Athenian navy would try to stop the Persian navy, while the Athenians and Spartans together would try to stop Xerxes on land.
King Leonidas of Sparta was responsible for stopping the advancing Persians. He choose to attack at a narrow pass between the mountains and the sea. King Leonidas
The Famous Battle of Thermopylae Leonidas had about 7000 soldiers to stop the Persians. When the Persians tried to pass this narrow area the battle began. However, a Greek traitor revealed a hidden way through the mountains.
A Greek Traitor! Knowing this hidden way allowed the Persians to advance quickly. Leonidas knew this battle could not be won. The best he could do was delay the Persians. He ordered his troops to escape. I would have gotten away with it!
The bravery of Spartan soldiers 300 soldiers remained at Thermopylae. Legend says they fought until their deaths. Their goal was to delay the advancing Persian soldiers. All 300 soldiers perished in the battle.
Battle of Thermopylae This is a famous battle. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FVi LPhmWeLY&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qz sBHUTD8z0&feature=watch_respons e http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xN NzuO7_l0Q&feature=watch_response
Battle of Salamis 480 BC Xerxes troops advanced quickly. Within two weeks Athens had been burned to the ground! Xerxes troops advanced quickly. Within two weeks Athens had been burned to the ground! Many Athenian citizens had escaped the city before it was destroyed. Many Athenian citizens had escaped the city before it was destroyed. Now the Athenian navy would attempt to defeat the Persians. Now the Athenian navy would attempt to defeat the Persians.
The Athenian naval leader, Themistocles, tricks the Persians into believing the Athenians are surrendering
►T►T►T►The Persian ships approach. The Athenian navy is more skillful in handling their boats in the narrow waterway. This is an artist conception of what the meeting of the ships might have looked like.
Greek Navy to the rescue The Greek ships had rams at their front. The Greek ships rammed the Persian boats sending 300 Persian boats to the bottom of the sea. A fraction of the Greek boats were sunk. Again the Greek people had beaten the Persians
Battle of Salamis http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENU mbdsAPw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENU mbdsAPw soft talking person http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=543y5 pw4Gn0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=543y5 pw4Gn0 shows the ships with music
Battle of Plataea 479 BC Though defeated Xerxes orders his men to attack Athens again in the spring. Athens and Sparta work together to defeat the Persian army. With Spartan leaders 80,000 Greek soldiers defeated the Persians for the last time outside the town of Plataea.
The Greeks preserved their independence! Additionally the Greeks prevented the Persians from advancing into Europe. Athens was completely destroyed, but the city would eventually rise to great glory! The Greeks united to defeat an outside enemy.
The End Original Work Done By: Mrs. Laffan Thanks to everyone who helped with the creation of this PowerPoint!! The End Original Work Done By: Mrs. Laffan Thanks to everyone who helped with the creation of this PowerPoint!!