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Ancient Israel Part 4: Romans to Revolt. Romans  Romans conquered in 63 BCE –Area renamed “ Palestine ” –King Herod put in power in 40 BCE  Rebuilt.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Israel Part 4: Romans to Revolt. Romans  Romans conquered in 63 BCE –Area renamed “ Palestine ” –King Herod put in power in 40 BCE  Rebuilt."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Israel Part 4: Romans to Revolt

2 Romans  Romans conquered in 63 BCE –Area renamed “ Palestine ” –King Herod put in power in 40 BCE  Rebuilt Temple –Finished in AD 64

3 Jesus  Jesus –Born in Bethlehem during Roman years –Jewish teacher  Respect all  Equality  Follow laws –Some thought he was the Messiah  Greek word for Messiah is “ Christos ”

4 Christianity  Followers known as the “ Messiah People ” (Christians)  At first viewed as a small Jewish sect  Romans wanted to eradicate them –Eventually Rome got on board  Churches and cathedrals built –People converting

5 Revolt  Jews Revolt –Jews tired of Roman cruelty –First Revolt (AD 66)  Jews crushed –Jerusalem destroyed –Temple demolished  Western/Wailing Wall left –Romans keep going until all ruined –AD 70, Diaspora (dispersion/scattering)

6 Revolt, continued  Masada –Fortress where they retreated –1,000 there  960 committed suicide instead of becoming Roman slaves –Fell in AD 73

7 Revolt, continued  Jews revolt again b/t AD 132 and 135 –Wanted to worship at Temple ruins  Romans destroyed remains, built new capital, and banned Jews –Romans killed Jewish leaders and destroyed communities  Jews scattered again and Jerusalem closed to them


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