Presentation on theme: "Power Presentations CHAPTER 23. Image Expansion In 1893, American sugar planters in the kingdom of Hawaii think that they could make more money if Hawaii."— Presentation transcript:
Power Presentations CHAPTER 23
Image Expansion In 1893, American sugar planters in the kingdom of Hawaii think that they could make more money if Hawaii were an American state. So they stage a revolt and take control of the government. Now they want you, the U.S. president, to take control of Hawaii. When should you get involved in the affairs of another country?
What interests does the United States have in other countries? How important is protecting those interests? How important are the opinions of another country’s citizens?
To World 1914 Panama Canal opens Woodrow Wilson is elected president William Howard Taft is elected president Roosevelt is elected president Theodore Roosevelt becomes president after McKinley is assassinated Spanish-American War takes place. Image 1896 William McKinley is elected president Planters overthrow the Hawaiian queen, Liliuokalani Grover Cleveland is elected president Hawaii grants United States exclusive use of Pearl Harbor.
Back to Home Back to U.S Pancho Villa makes a raid in the United States Mexican Revolution begins Russo-Japanese War begins Republic of Panama established Boxer Rebellion occurs in China Sino-Japanese War ends with Japanese victory over China European nations divide Central and West Africa at the Berlin West Africa Conference.
Main Idea Why It Matters Now The United States expanded its interest in world affairs and acquired new territories. During this period, the United States acquired Alaska and Hawaii as territories.
What were the causes of U.S. expansion overseas in the late 1800s? UNITED STATES EXPANSION EFFECTCAUSES Political leaders wanted to establish a military presence overseas. Economic leaders sought markets and raw materials. Americans’ belief in the superiority of culture also their fueled expansion.
Where was the focus of U.S. expansion before the late 1800s? How did William Seward contribute to U.S. expansion? Why did the American planters’ request for the annexation of Hawaii fail in the early 1890s? Map
Back to Home Making Inferences What benefits were American planters looking for when they staged a revolt in 1893? Think About the new policies of Queen Liliuokalani changes in U.S. trade laws
Main Idea Why It Matters Now Independence movements in Spanish colonies led to the Spanish-American War in U.S. involvement in Latin America and Asia expanded greatly after the Spanish-American War.
What were the major events of the Spanish-American War? SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR, 1898 April The explosion of the Maine leads to a declaration of war. Image July American troops take San Juan Hill, and Puerto Rico falls to the United States. May Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in Manila Bay. August Spain signs truce. December Final peace treaty is signed in Paris.
What led to the Cuban rebellion against Spain in 1895? What was the first major military event of the Spanish-American War? What happened in the Philippines after the war?
Back to Home Forming Opinions Did the United States betray its democratic principles when it made the Philippines a colony? Think About the public’s response to yellow journalists and U.S. military victories the work of the Anti-Imperialist League
Main Idea Why It Matters Now In the early 1900s, the United States expanded its involvement in Asia and Latin America. The United States still trades extensively with Asian and Latin American countries.
Record details about U.S. involvement in Asia and Latin America? ASIALATIN AMERICA Filipino independence movement defeated U.S. economic interests in China Open Door Policy Panama Canal U.S. economic interests in the region Roosevelt Corollary
Why was the United States interested in the Philippines? Why was the nation of Panama created in 1903? How did the Roosevelt Corollary change U.S. foreign policy? Map
Back to Home Drawing Conclusions Why did the United States become so heavily involved in Asia and Latin America? Think About U.S. economic growth American military interests
REVIEW QUESTIONS ANSWERS: READ AND TAKE NOTES
1 Why did Americans become interested in overseas expansion in the late 1800s? 2 How did the public react when William Seward negotiated the purchase of Alaska in 1867? 3 Why did the United States take an interest in Hawaii? 4 Why might President Cleveland have wanted to restore Queen Liliuokalani to the Hawaiian throne? 5 How did the Spanish-American War begin?
6 What were the most important battles of the war? 7 What territory did the United States take control of as a result of its victory over the Spanish? 8 Why did U.S. leaders want access to China’s markets after the Spanish-American War? 9 Why was there an interest in building a canal across Latin America? 10 How were the Latin American policies of Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson similar?
Philippines give potential access to Chinese markets. U.S. companies take advantage of cheap raw materials in Latin America. Hawaii is used as refueling stop for ships bound for Asia. Spanish-American War highlights need for Panama Canal. Christian missionaries move to Hawaii to convert local population. Boxer Rebellion is a reaction against foreign treatment of Chinese. Back to Home REASONS FOR U.S. EXPANSION OVERSEAS Economic Interests Military Interests Belief in Cultural Superiority Finding Main Ideas
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