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From the French Revolution to the Latin American Revolutions 1791-1822.

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Presentation on theme: "From the French Revolution to the Latin American Revolutions 1791-1822."— Presentation transcript:

1 From the French Revolution to the Latin American Revolutions

2 1815 Battle of Waterloo Napoleon Forces Defeated ended French Revolution Napoleon Forces Defeated ended French Revolution Napoleon Exiled to Island of St. Helena Napoleon Exiled to Island of St. Helena Monarchy restored in France/ King Louis XVIII Monarchy restored in France/ King Louis XVIII

3 Congress of Vienna European Powers meet to restore peace to Europe after war European Powers meet to restore peace to Europe after war Conservatives triumph/ Monarchies restored Conservatives triumph/ Monarchies restored Concert of Europe – Coalition of European powers to keep peace and solve conflicts Concert of Europe – Coalition of European powers to keep peace and solve conflicts Unable to stop spread of Liberalism and Nationalism Unable to stop spread of Liberalism and Nationalism

4 Enlightenment Ideas spread to Latin America 300 years of rigid social structure in Latin America caused discontent and resentment 300 years of rigid social structure in Latin America caused discontent and resentment

5 Colonialism in the Americas Colonialism in the Americas 1800s

6 A: The Marketplace of Tlatelolco by Diego Rivera 1945

7 Meaning Mural shows life in Aztec times Mural shows life in Aztec times Idealized Market at Tlatelolco under Aztec rule Idealized Market at Tlatelolco under Aztec rule

8 B:The Conquest by José Orozco, 1939

9 Meaning Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés arrived in Tenochtitlan, Mexico Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés arrived in Tenochtitlan, Mexico in 1519

10 C: The Absorption of the Indian by Jose Orozco, 1927

11 Meaning Symbolizing the mythical first coupling of Spanish man and Indian woman Symbolizing the mythical first coupling of Spanish man and Indian woman Hernán Cortéz and Malinche/Dona Marina Hernán Cortéz and Malinche/Dona Marina Creating the Mestizo Creating the Mestizo

12 Colonial Domination D : by Diego Rivera 1933

13 Meaning 300 years of mistreatment by the 300 years of mistreatment by the Colonizing Spanish

14 Enlightenment Inspires Latin Americans Nationalism leads to resentment of French Ruler in Spain Nationalism leads to resentment of French Ruler in Spain Simón Bolivar inspired by French Revolutionaries Simón Bolivar inspired by French Revolutionaries

15 Slave Win Freedom in Haiti Island slaves revoled in 1791 Island slaves revoled in 1791 Toussaint L’Ouverture Toussaint L’Ouverture Educated slave/ lead revolt French unable to stop revolt French unable to stop revolt 1820 Haiti became an independent republic 1820 Haiti became an independent republic

16 Mexico and Central America Revolt Slave revolts inspired creoles to revolt Slave revolts inspired creoles to revolt Sept. 15, 1810 Father Miguel Hidalgo encouraged Mexicans to fight for Freedom from Spanish rule. Sept. 15, 1810 Father Miguel Hidalgo encouraged Mexicans to fight for Freedom from Spanish rule. “The Grito” / The Cry “The Grito” / The Cry

17 E: The Fight for Liberty by José Orozco, 1939 E: The Fight for Liberty by José Orozco, 1939 Father Hidalgo Leading a revolt 1810 Father Hidalgo Leading a revolt 1810

18 Father José Morelos Mestizo Priest Mestizo Priest Continued the call for Revolution Continued the call for Revolution Wanted Politcal and social reform Wanted Politcal and social reform 1820 Liberals forced king in Spain to adopt a constitution 1820 Liberals forced king in Spain to adopt a constitution Creoles, Mestizos, Indians banned together Creoles, Mestizos, Indians banned together Mexico gained independence Mexico gained independence Central America split into separate states Central America split into separate states

19 Revolution Ignites South America Creoles admired French and American Revolutions Creoles admired French and American Revolutions 1810 Simón Bolivar lead uprising in Venezuela 1810 Simón Bolivar lead uprising in Venezuela Known as “The Liberator” Known as “The Liberator” Joined forces with Jose de San Martin Joined forces with Jose de San Martin By 1822, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, By 1822, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, And Chile gained independence from Spain

20 Freedom leads to Power Struggle Bolivar wanted to unite lands he liberated into a single nation called Grand Columbia Bolivar wanted to unite lands he liberated into a single nation called Grand Columbia Bitter rivals developed Bitter rivals developed Split into 4 independent states Split into 4 independent states Power struggles and Civil War Power struggles and Civil War Common people exchanged one set of masters for another Common people exchanged one set of masters for another

21 F: David Alfaro Siqueiros Murals

22 Meaning Years of mistreatment by Caudillos Years of mistreatment by Caudillos Military dictators Military dictators


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