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The History Of Denmark. The Vikings ► 700 AD ► Many tribes unified ► Pillage, plunder, etc ► Many rulers ► Fought extensively with the Frankish Empire.

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Presentation on theme: "The History Of Denmark. The Vikings ► 700 AD ► Many tribes unified ► Pillage, plunder, etc ► Many rulers ► Fought extensively with the Frankish Empire."— Presentation transcript:

1 The History Of Denmark

2 The Vikings ► 700 AD ► Many tribes unified ► Pillage, plunder, etc ► Many rulers ► Fought extensively with the Frankish Empire ► Around 800 the exploration by the Scandinavians began ► Around 1060 the church was introduced

3 Denmark ► Surrounded by The North Sea (West) The Baltic Sea (SE) The Skagerrak (N) The Kattegat (E) The Oresund (E) Germany (S) Skagerrak North Sea Kattegat Oresund Baltic Sea Germany

4 Christian IV ► Came to power at height of The Danish Empire ► Became King at age 19 ► Considered to be great horseman and hunter ► Practically Oriented ► Very Large Man

5 War ► Kalmar War  Navy Was Spread very thin, so had to be fought with Mercenaries  Never their superior Navy  Never Could defeat the Swedes even with their superior Navy ► War between Protestants and Catholics   During his first great battle he had 20,000 men, 80 of them survived   Though he lost, it showed his support of Protestantism ► 30 Years War   Almost lost everything   German Commander Wallenstein followed Christian’s armies back into Jutland   Created successful peace treaty that lost them no land ► Torstensson War   Swedish General Torstensson occupied Jutland   Even with victories by Christian, they still lost, and had to succeed lands, as well as reduce the Øresund toll and the Norwegian tax

6 “Lasting Treasures” ► Constructed  Stock Exchange  Regensen  Holmens Church  Rosenborg Castle  Trinitatis with the Round Tower,  parts of Nyboder  Proviantgården and Tøjhuset ► Renovated  Frederiksborg Castle ► Founded  Christianshavn  Christiania  Christianstad  Christiansand

7 Democratic Revolt of 1848 ► With the revolutions occurring in Germany  groups of Pro-German Schleswig-Holsteiners demanded ► a liberal Constitution ► the incorporation of Schleswig in the German Confederation ► This triggered a revolt in the duchies

8 REVOLT, and Frederik VII ► Frederik proclaimed himself the constitutional king  Paved the way to a Democratic Constitution ► The Constitution of the Kingdom of Denmark of 5 June 1849

9 Denmark in WWII ► Neutral ► Occupied by Nazi forces  April 9, 1940  Germans marched into Denmark

10 Denmark in WWII ► Thorvald Stauning (Danish government leader)  Collaborated with the occupying power ► With British help  Resistance to the Germans increased  Collaboration stopped in August of 1943  Armed revolts occurred all over during the last 18 months of the war By the end of the war there where 50,000 members of the resistance

11 Danish Jews in WWII ► In October 1943 Jews ordered to be deported to Germany ► Danes and Swedes collectively evacuated 8,000 Jews to Sweden ► Considered to be one of the largest collective resistances of an occupied country Because of these Country's efforts the vast Majority of Danish Jewish population survived.

12 YOUTH REVOLTS ► The liberal groups of Denmark protested against the use of nuclear weapon though the 1960’s  Danish Campaign against Nuclear Weapons was created in January 1960  Many books where written on the subject of Nuclear arms by Danish liberals WAR

13 NO VIETNAM ► Peaceful anti-Vietnam War protests  Outside the American Embassy  January of 1967 ► The Committee to help American Deserters  Would help X-American Soldiers ► The Conscientious Objectors Union  Formed against the practice of conscription in Denmark


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