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Chapter 27 Empire and Expansion. America Turns Outward 1  After the civil war to about the 1880’s,the US was vary withdrawn form the outside world, then.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 27 Empire and Expansion. America Turns Outward 1  After the civil war to about the 1880’s,the US was vary withdrawn form the outside world, then."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 27 Empire and Expansion

2 America Turns Outward 1  After the civil war to about the 1880’s,the US was vary withdrawn form the outside world, then the 1890’s came and the rise in manufacturing,exports,wealth and power lead them to use over sea markets to sell there goods  The “Yellow press” of Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst influenced oversea expansion by describing exploits as manly adventures that young boys dreamt of.  Americas interest showed up in many different ways, James blain brought more attention to his “big sister” policy. He wanted better relations with Latin America. His efforts brought about some results,in 1889 he presided over the first pan American conference.  Even thought America was done fighting with itself didn’t mean it was done fighting with everyone else,they almost went to war with Germany over the Samoan islands, where both wanted to build naval bases,then a feud was started between Italy and the US when 11 Italians where lynched in New Orleans,and the US and Chile almost went to war when 2 American sailors where killed at Valparaiso in 1892

3 Spurning the Hawaiian Pear  Hawaii was well liked by America,the islands were used as a provisioning point for Yankee shippers, sailors and whalers.  In 1820 the first missionaries came to the island to preach of there god  Hawaii became an increasingly important sugar producer  Treaties where signed in 1875 and 1887 that let them have commercial trade gave the US pearl harbor  Then in 1890 the McKinley tariff raised the price of sugar, the US wanted to offset this so they annexed Hawaii, this move was opposed by the queen then in 1893 Americans in Hawaii revolted which seemed to make Hawaii reedy for annexation

4 Cubans Rise in Revolt  In 1895 Cuba revolted against Spain by burning there cane fields, sugar mills and dynamiting passenger trains  America had an investment stake of about 50 million and a trade stake of 100 million and it was all put at risk by the revolt  A Spanish general named “butcher” weyler came and the situation worsened, he put civilians in reconcentration camps to stop them from assisting rebels but the camps where unsanitary and many died from disease  Hearst from yellow press sent the artist Fredric Remington to sketch scenes of Cuba most of which were fictional  On Feb 15 the U.S.S Maine exploded in Havana harbor, America thought it was Spain which lead them to attach,turns out it was just an accidental explosion that blew up the ship  The American public wanted war, War with Spain seemed inevitable, if war wasn’t started the republican party and America would be split

5 Cuba revolt continued…  3 decades after civil war US comes together to release innocent Cuba from her chains of bondage to Spain

6 Dewey’s May Day Victory at Manila  Spain had an advantage they had more men and better arms supposable.  Feb Roosevelt sent commands to take cover the Philippines, He completely took the island from the Spanish.  German navy ignored American blockade regulations. Dewey made threats of war. Nothing came of it, because of British assistants.  July U.S. annexed Hawaii so they could use the islands to support Dewey supposedly.

7 The Confused Invasion of Cuba  Spanish sent war ships to Cuba, this panicked Americans. the fleet commanded by admiral Cervera hid in Santiago harbor in Cuba. Better American forces came and blockaded the harbor.  The rough riders rushed to Cuba and battled at el Caney.  American army, whose general was Nelson Miles met little to no resistance when taking over Puerto Rico  Aug spain signed an armistice

8 America’s course (curse?) of Empire  Negotiations led to America getting Guam and Puerto Rico and freeing Cuba.  McKinley decided to keep the Philippines, the US paid 20 million for the islands. Filipinos wanted freedom they saw it was un-American for them to not be given it.  Expansionist wanted the Philippines to be the next Hong-Kong, the senate wanted to rid themselves of the Philippines so the treaty was passed

9 Perplexities in Puerto Rico & Cuba  Us transformed Puerto Rico.  Supreme court let congress do what ever they wanted with Puerto Rico and Cuba. They were able to do this by saying that the residents didn’t have the same rights as Americans  Us encouraged Cuba to write the Platt amendment, this amendment said that the US could come in and restored order if anarchy occurred, US could trade with Cuba and the US could have two bay to use as naval bases New horizons in two Hemispheres  The Spanish-American war was very short only lasting a 113 days  The war helped US’s north and south come together again

10 “Little Brown Brothers” in the Philippines  Unlike the Cuban after the Spanish-American war who were freed the Filipinos were not, so they revolted against the US.  It was started on Feb it was led by Emilio Aguinaldo but the rebellion was put out when US soldiers over took Aguinaldo.  The Philippine commission was formed in 1899 it was later led by William Taft who became fond of the Filipinos, he was know to call them his “little brown brothers”  William Howard Taft riding a carabao during his term as Governor General of the Philippines

11 Hinging the open door in China  China was carved into spheres of influence by European powers.  John Hay sent his famous open door note which asked European nations to keep fair competition open to all notions willing and wanting to participate this was later known as the open door policy.  In 1900s a group called the boxers started boxer’s rebellion, they took the capital of China, Beijing.  a multinational force stopped the rebellion.  Later on John Hay asked that China not be carved up

12 Imperialists or Bryanism in 1900s?  Bryan did most of the campaigning  Roosevelt was more of an active campaigner and was known as the cowboy hero.  The brandisher of the big stick  Roosevelt was the youngest president at that time, he was 45  He was born into a wealthy new York family, he was a red blooded blue blood, he was partially educated in Europe and graduated from Harvard.  He developed into a master politician  He became the first modern president

13 Building the panama canal  The need of a canal through central America needed to be dealt with. There was a minor set back though, the Clayton-Bulwer treaty said that they needed to consent and help, but it was nullified in 1901  US would buy a 6 mile wide strip of land in panama for 10 million but it was retracted by Colombian government who owned panama  Roosevelt was mad he wanted the construction for the canal to begin before the 1904 campaign.  Nov revolution in panama began when a Chinese civilian and a donkey. Columbia tried to stop it but the US wouldn’t let the fleet through after citing 1846 treaty.  1904 panama canal construction began Roosevelt visited panama he was the first president to leave the US.  The canal was finished in 1914 it cost $400 million

14 TR’s Perversion of the Monroe Doctrine  Venezuela and Dominican republic couldn’t pay off their debts, so the brits and Germans sent a bit of force to south America to make them pay.  Roosevelt didn’t want them to violate the Monroe Doctrine so he said the US would handle interventions in S.A. on behalf of Europe  Roosevelt on the world stage  In 1904 Japan attacked Russia, Japanese started to run short on men so they asked Roosevelt to facilitate a peace treaty  Both Japan and Russia met in 1905 at New Hampshire. Roosevelt negotiated that Japan get half of Sakhalin.  Due to the Japan-Russian incident America lost them as allies

15 Japanese laborers in California  After the war Japanese immigrants came into California.  In 1906 San Francisco decreed, due to lack of space, the Asian children should attend a special school.  To impress to Japanese Roosevelt sent his entire battle fleet around the world for tour  The root-takahira agreement pledged the US and Japan to respect each others territorial possessions in pacific and to uphold the open door policy in china


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