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Detail of Theodore Roosevelt leading his Rough Riders at the storming of San Juan Hill, Cuba, on July 1, 1898. NEXT Expansionism shapes U.S. foreign policy.

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Presentation on theme: "Detail of Theodore Roosevelt leading his Rough Riders at the storming of San Juan Hill, Cuba, on July 1, 1898. NEXT Expansionism shapes U.S. foreign policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Detail of Theodore Roosevelt leading his Rough Riders at the storming of San Juan Hill, Cuba, on July 1, NEXT Expansionism shapes U.S. foreign policy and leads to the acquisition of new territories. Becoming a World Power, 1880–1917

2 NEXT SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 The United States Continues to Expand The Spanish-American War U.S. Involvement Overseas Becoming a World Power, 1880–1917

3 NEXT The United States expands its interest in world affairs and acquires new territories. Section 1 The United States Continues to Expand

4 Reasons for U.S. Expansion Imperialism—stronger nations extend control over weaker nations 1 SECTION European nations have been establishing colonies for centuries 3 factors help fuel development of American imperialism: -economic interests -military interests -belief in cultural superiority Chart NEXT The United States Continues to Expand

5 Seward and Alaska Secretary of State William Seward arranges purchase of Alaska (1867) 1 SECTION Purchase is widely criticized, turns out to be great bargain for U.S. NEXT

6 The Annexation of Hawaii By late 1800s, wealthy planters dominate Hawaii’s economy 1 SECTION Hawaiian leader Queen Liliuokalani wants to limit planters’ power. So American planters depose (remove from office suddenly and forcefully) her. Chart NEXT Planters, U.S. Marines overthrow queen, set up own government Hawaii becomes U.S. state in 1898 Queen Liliuokalani resigned from her position as queen to protect her people against American sugar growers

7 Grover Cleveland Became President and did not approve of the planters’ actions and withdrew the treaty He opposed the annexation of Hawaii to the United States

8 NEXT Independence movements in Spanish colonies lead to the Spanish-American War in Section 2 The Spanish-American War

9 The Spanish American colonies at their maximum extent (after the Peace of Paris, 1783)American coloniesPeace of Paris

10 The Columbus balcony at the Alcazar in Segovia, Spain.

11 Columbus was an Italian who sailed for Spain.

12 Rebellion Against Spain The Spanish-American War By 1890s, Spain has few colonies, Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico 2 SECTION In 1895, Cubans revolt, Spain uses harsh methods to suppress revolt Methods anger Americans, rebellion disrupts U.S. trade with Cuba U.S. newspapers describe, sometimes exaggerate, Spanish cruelty Newspapers use sensational style of writing called yellow journalism Image NEXT One American’s Story Jose Marti’s lifelong struggle for Cuba’s independence made him the symbol of liberty throughout Latin America.

13 The United States Goes to War President McKinley demands Spain stop harsh treatment of Cubans 2 SECTION Sends U.S.S. Maine to Cuba to protect U.S. citizens there Maine explodes, killing 260 sailors, Spain blamed “Remember the Maine!” becomes a call to arms McKinley demands Cuba’s independence, withdrawal of Spain’s troops Spain refuses, Spanish-American War begins Image NEXT President McKinley did not want the U.S. to go to war with Spain

14 The Media Had a Role in Causing the Spanish-American War 1.They shaped American public opinion in favor of Cuba 2.They exaggerated new stories about Spanish cruelty in Cuba 3.They blamed Spain for the sinking of the battleship U.S.S. Maine

15 The War in the Philippines Filipinos revolt against Spanish rule (1890s) 2 SECTION U.S. Commodore George Dewey in contact with rebel leader Spanish-American War begins, Dewey, fleet head to Manila, Philippines U.S. fleet destroys Spanish fleet at battle in Manila Bay (1898) in the Philippine Islands. This was the 1 st major battle of the Spanish-American War U.S. troops, Filipino rebels take control of Manila in August Map NEXT

16 The War in the Caribbean Theodore Roosevelt sets up 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry—Rough Riders 2 SECTION Rough Riders, and other soldiers capture San Juan Hill, near Santiago American ships destroy Spanish fleet in Santiago Harbor Santiago surrenders, U.S. forces take Puerto Rico, Spain signs truce Map NEXT When the Spanish-American War began, Theodore Roosevelt resigned his government post and volunteered to fight. Rough Riders included cowboys, miners, college students, New York policemen, athletes, and Native Americans

17 Results of the War Spain gives up colonies, signs peace treaty (1898) 2 SECTION Philippines becomes U.S. colony, Filipino revolt against U.S. subdued U.S. leaders require Cuba to sign and add the Platt Amendment to its constitution: -it allows the U.S. to intervene in Cuban affairs if life, property, liberty threatened -allows U.S. naval base at Guantánamo Bay Puerto Rico becomes U.S. territory Grants U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans NEXT Filipinos fought alongside American soldiers because they believed they were fighting for their independence

18 The Anti-Imperialist League Many people object to U.S. treatment of Spain’s former colonies 2 SECTION Anti-Imperialist League members believe: -U.S. should not deny other people self-government League’s opinions lost in approval for Spanish- American War NEXT Luis Munoz Rivera helped Puerto Rico to gain an independent government

19 NEXT In the early 1900s, the United States expands its involvement in Asia and Latin America. Section 3 U.S. Involvement Overseas

20 A Power in the Pacific U.S. Involvement Overseas U.S. acquires Hawaii, Guam, Philippines in the Pacific 3 SECTION Many Americans want profits from Asian markets, resources Others want U.S. to extend its democracy, culture to Asia NEXT

21 The United States in China Japan, European powers expand their spheres of influence in China 3 SECTION Spheres of influence—areas where foreign powers claim special rights Most foreign powers in China accept U.S. Open Door Policy (1899):-no single country should have monopoly on trade with China The people of China resisted foreign control in a violent uprising known as the Boxer Rebellion. NEXT Commodore Mathew Perry opened U.S. trade with Japan in the 1850’s. It opened Japan to Western ideas. John Hay responded to Japanese and European expansion of their spheres of influence in China by asking nations involved in the region to follow an Open Door Policy

22 The Panama Canal U.S. leaders want canal to connect Atlantic, Pacific Oceans 3 SECTION Columbia refuses to grant the U.S. the right to build a canal across its territory. T. Roosevelt sent the U.S. Navy to Columbia to help a revolution succeed; new nation Panama created (1903) Panama gives U.S. strip of land—Canal Zone, U.S. pays Panama U.S. builds Panama Canal—shortcut connects Atlantic, Pacific In 1921, U.S. pays Columbia for loss of Panama NEXT

23 Building the Canal Building the canal is difficult, land swampy, malaria common 3 SECTION More than 45,000 workers labor for years on canal, finished in 1914 Canal cost $352 million, more than 5,000 workers die building it Chart NEXT

24 U.S. Involvement in Latin America U.S. buys food, raw materials cheap in Latin America: -bananas, coffee, copper 3 SECTION Ship goods to U.S., sell for higher price U.S. buys large amounts of land in Latin American for farming, mining Wants political stability, no European intervention NEXT

25 Policing the Hemisphere President Roosevelt’s foreign policy, “Speak softly, but carry a big stick” 3 SECTION Adds the Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine (1904): -allows U.S. leaders to intervene in Latin American affairs if needed and authorizes U.S. to act as “policeman” in the region President Taft urges U.S. investment in Latin America Sends troops to Nicaragua to protect investments Continued... NEXT

26 3 SECTION President Wilson intervenes in Mexican revolution continued Policing the Hemisphere Poncho Villa raids towns in the American Southwest causing the U.S. president to send troops into Mexico after him. Americans see U.S. as a good police officer in Latin America Latin Americans see U.S. as imperial power Image NEXT

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