Presentation on theme: "Monday, February 7th, 2011 History of the Southwest: Warm up- How do you stand up to someone who wants to take over you? Content Objective- Students will."— Presentation transcript:
Monday, February 7th, 2011 History of the Southwest: Warm up- How do you stand up to someone who wants to take over you? Content Objective- Students will analyze continuity and change in significant events in the history of the southwest by determining the how Pueblo War of Independence was different that other conquistadores.
Who are the Pueblo? -Native Americans living in SW USA (Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona) Video 3- What did their village look like? Video 3 Video 2- What is sacred to them? Video 2
The Pueblo War for Independence 1550- Spanish institute system of repatrimento requiring Indian to supply labor for mines and plantations. **Indians were not paid and had no choice** -What is this similar to? Video 1
Spanish Empire expands - Invade North 1598: Juan de Onate leads an expedition into New Mexico. Meets Pueblo people. Pueblo= unorganized, tried to pacify Spanish by giving them what they want.
Spanish take control Juan de Onate easily takes control, institutes repatimento. Pueblo tried to fight, too late. Onate surrounded Pueblo village of Acoma with canons. -Killed 800 people including women and children.
How do Spanish keep control? Survivors= made an example of... Males over 12 yrs= Killed. Males over 25yrs= 1 foot cut off Women over 12yrs= 25 years of servitude (slavery) Children under 12 yrs= placed in missionaries to be raised Christian.
Santa Fe 1610: Spanish builds Santa Fe with Indian slave labor.
Pueblo revolt against Spanish 1680: Pueblo population has shrunk from 100,000 to 17,000. Pueblo people organize & unite. (24 towns, 6 different languages) Leader= Popé
Pueblo win independence! Popé leads as many as 2000 Pueblo against Spanish. Spanish retreat to Mexico, leave Santa Fe
Spanish eventually return 1692 Spanish return to Santa Fe, but seeking peace and compromise with Peublo. For example, no forced conversion to Christianity No slave labor. **First time Indian rights/ wishes were recognized.
Why is this a war for independence, not just a revolt? Answer the question in your letter…