Presentation on theme: "Aim: What were the causes of the Russian Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1Aim: What were the causes of the Russian Revolution The Sickle is a symbolof the farmers.Do Now: What do you think this symbol means?The Hammer isA symbol of the factoryworkers.Why was this symbol put on the flag of the new Russian nation, renamed the Soviet Union, after the Revolution?Mr. McEntarfer * Global IV* HSLPS
2Instructional Objectives We will be able to:Describe the causes of the Russian RevolutionExplain the changes brought about by the Russian Revolution.Agenda:Do NowDiscuss Causes of RevolutionJ.A.I.LLenin’s PromisePlaySummary
3Setting the StageThe Russian Revolution was like a bomb with a long fuse. The explosion came in 1917, but the fuse had been burning for years. For a century the oppressive rule of the czars promoted revolt and assassination.
4Causes of Revolution Nationalism Social Injustice Economic Distress Unpopular Methods of RuleEnlightenment Ideas
6J – Japan humiliates Russia in the Russo-Japanese War. Japan crushed Russia destroying their navy and taking over territory in the East. The Russian people are embarrassed and blamed the Czar.Which cause of Revolutions would make the Russian people want to revolt after losing a war?NationalismUnpopular Methods of Rule
8The Russo-Japanese War: 1904-1905 The Battle of Tsushima: The results startled the world!
9A - A Lot of Military Losses During WWI Losing battles, millions dying because Russian soldiers will poorly prepared and lead for a cause many did not understand. Two casualties by 1915.Which cause of revolutions would make large numbers of soldiers want to revolt after numerous defeats?NationalismUnpopular Methods of Rule
10World War IWhy did entering World War I prove devastating for Nicholas?
11I – Incompetence of Czar Nicholas the II The Czar could not solve food and fuel shortages.The Czar had his soldiers open fire on civilians protesting outside his palace creating a massacre “Bloody Sunday”What cause of revolution would make the people want to revolt because of an incompetent Czar and food shortages?Unpopular Methods of RuleEconomic Distress
12Bloody SundayHow would people feel about the government if soldiers opened fire on protesters here?
15L - Landless Peasants Want Land The peasants worked the land, but didn’t own it.What causes of Revolution would make landless peasants want to revolt?Economic DistressSocial Injustice
16J.A.I.L Leads to Revolution of 1917 CausesNationalismSocial InjusticeEconomic DistressUnpopular Methods of RuleEnlightenment Ideas
17Lenin Lenin’s Party - Bolsheviks Lenin believed in – Socialism Lenin’s Promise: Peace, Land and Bread.What cause of revolution would make Russians want to revolt after hearing Lenin’s new ideas?Enlightenment Ideas.
18Why did the Germans send Lenin to Russia? Germany’s secret weapon was Lenin. They sent him in a sealed rail car from exile in Austria to Russia where he immediately started talking revolution.Why did the Germans send Lenin to Russia?
19Upon his arrival Lenin began speaking out against the war and the provisional government. Peace, land and Bread!!!Why did Lenin’s message of peace, land and bread appeal to the Russian peasants and workers?
20Power to the people. Factory workers and farmers rise up Power to the people! Factory workers and farmers rise up! Peace, land and bread!
21Political CartoonAccording to this poster what is another one of Lenin’s goals?
22EffectsRussia becomes USSR (Soviet Union). The first communist country.WWI – Russia drops out of the warLenin’s Plan –Forced Socialism (Communism) – Redistribute the wealth and land. Bring all industry and property under the control of the government with public ownership.NEP – New Economic Plan – Include a little bit of capitalism to get the economy going.
23Czar and his family are killed Why did Lenin have the Czar and his family killed?
24Treaty of Brest-Litovsk According to the treaty with Germany Russia had to give up massive amounts of territory. It was the only way that Lenin could fulfill his promise of peace.What does this map tell us about how Russia was doing in the war with Germany?
25Activity Read the Play “What was Life Like in Czarist Russia”? Players Ivana BreakUfisLifis TuffNo NameskiAnswer questions from play
26Summary Questions: What are the causes of Revolution? How did the Russo-Japanese War lead to revolution?How was the Czar an ineffective ruler?How did WW1 contribute to the Russian Revolution?What did Lenin promise the people of Russia?What changes did Lenin make in Russia