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26) Who was the ruler of the Netherlands who led a revolt for independence against Hapsburg Philip II of Spain? A. Ferdinand I B. Maximillian II C. William.

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Presentation on theme: "26) Who was the ruler of the Netherlands who led a revolt for independence against Hapsburg Philip II of Spain? A. Ferdinand I B. Maximillian II C. William."— Presentation transcript:

1 26) Who was the ruler of the Netherlands who led a revolt for independence against Hapsburg Philip II of Spain? A. Ferdinand I B. Maximillian II C. William of Orange D. Mary II E. Louis XVI

2 26) Who was the ruler of the Netherlands who led a revolt for independence against Hapsburg Philip II of Spain? A. Ferdinand I B. Maximillian II C. William of Orange D. Mary II E. Louis XVI

3 27) Just before his death in 1740, Charles VI released this sanction urging all constituent Austrian lands to allow his daughter, Maria Theresa, to inherit Austria and other Hapsburg lands, despite the fact that she was a woman. A. The Pragmatic Sanction B. The Syllabus of Errors C. The Successor Declaration D. Sanction Against Enemies of the Church E. Declaration of Papal Infallibility

4 27) Just before his death in 1740, Charles VI released this sanction, urging all constituent Austrian lands to allow his daughter, Maria Theresa, to inherit Austria and other Hapsburg lands, despite the fact that she was a woman. A. The Pragmatic Sanction B. The Syllabus of Errors C. The Successor Declaration D. Sanction Against Enemies of the Church E. Declaration of Papal Infallibility

5 28) This 1648 treaty ended the Thirty Years’ War, France gained Alsace; the Netherlands and Switzerland gained independence from the Holy Roman Empire; and the German princes were given near independence from the Empire. A. Treaty of Paris B. Treaty of Westphalia C. Treaty of Prague D. Treaty of Versailles E. Treaty of Berlin

6 28) This 1648 treaty ended the Thirty Years’ War, France gained Alsace; the Netherlands and Switzerland gained independence from the Holy Roman Empire; and the German princes were given near independence from the Empire. A. Treaty of Paris B. Treaty of Westphalia C. Treaty of Prague D. Treaty of Versailles E. Treaty of Berlin

7 29) The rise in population coupled with inflation led to a weakening of Spanish industry and emigration. The expulsion of Jews and Moors in 1492 also contributed to the decline, known as… A. The Spanish Misery B. The Spanish Destruction C. Barcelona Massacre D. The Fall of the Spaniards E. The Decline of Spain

8 29) The rise in population coupled with inflation led to a weakening of Spanish industry and emigration. The expulsion of Jews and Moors in 1492 also contributed to the decline, known as… A. The Spanish Misery B. The Spanish Destruction C. Barcelona Massacre D. The Fall of the Spaniards E. The Decline of Spain

9 30) Son of Charles V and a devout Catholic, he was the Hapsburg ruler of Spain from He led the Spanish Counter- Reformation but failed to invade Protestant England with his Spanish Armada. A.Philip II B. Charles I C. Philip I D. Charles X E. Leo X

10 30) Son of Charles V and a devout Catholic, he was the Hapsburg ruler of Spain from He led the Spanish Counter- Reformation but failed to invade Protestant England with his Spanish Armada. A. Philip II B. Charles I C. Philip I D. Charles X E. Leo X

11 31) Tudor Queen of England. Succeeded Mary I in 1558 and ruled until In addition to leading the defeat of the Spanish Armada and developing England into a world power, she strengthened Protestantism. Daughter of Henry VIII. A. Victoria II B. Mary II C. Victoria I D. Elizabeth I E. Isabelle II

12 31) Tudor Queen of England. Succeeded Mary I in 1558 and ruled until In addition to leading the defeat of the Spanish Armada and developing England into a world power, she strengthened Protestantism. Daughter of Henry VIII. A. Victoria II B. Mary II C. Victoria I D. Elizabeth I E. Isabelle II

13 32) This fleet of 130 ships launched by Spain’s Catholic Philip II failed to conquer England and is known as… A. The English Victory B. The Spanish Armada C. The Anglo-Spanish Naval War D. The English Armada E. The Spanish Ruin

14 32) This fleet of 130 ships launched by Spain’s Catholic Philip II failed to conquer England and is known as… A. The English Victory B. The Spanish Armada C. The Anglo-Spanish Naval War D. The English Armada E. The Spanish Ruin

15 33) Catholic relative to Protestant Queen Elizabeth I of England. Allegedly plotted with Spain’s Philip II to overthrow Elizabeth. Elizabeth had her beheaded. A. Mary, Queen of Scots B. James II C. Henry VIII D. Victoria I E. William of Orange

16 33) Catholic relative to Protestant Queen Elizabeth I of England. Allegedly plotted with Spain’s Philip II to overthrow Elizabeth. Elizabeth had her beheaded. A. Mary, Queen of Scots B. James II C. Henry VIII D. Victoria I E. William of Orange

17 34) Tudor King of England from Established the Anglican Church as the official Church of England when the Catholic Church refused to nullify his marriage. His son, Edward VI, was sickly and died in 1553, leaving the throne to Mary I. A.Henry VIII B.James I C.Philip II D.Leo X E.Charles V

18 34) Tudor King of England from Established the Anglican Church as the official Church of England when the Catholic Church refused to nullify his marriage. His son, Edward VI, was sickly and died in 1553, leaving the throne to Mary I. A.Henry VIII B.James I C.Philip II D.Leo X E.Charles V

19 35) Radical Protestants in England who believed Henry VIII did not take extreme enough measures in merely creating the Anglican Church. They favored “purifying” the new Anglican Church of all similarities to the Catholic Church. A. Calvinists B. Separatists C. Lutherans D. Presbyterians E. Christians

20 35) Radical Protestants in England who believed Henry VIII did not take extreme enough measures in merely creating the Anglican Church. They favored “purifying” the new Anglican Church of all similarities to the Catholic Church. A. Calvinists B. Separatists C. Lutherans D. Presbyterians E. Christians

21 36) Oldest daughter of Henry VIII. Queen of England from Known for her ruthless, deadly suppression of the Angelicnism in attempting to re-Catholicize England. She married Spain’s Philip II. A. Bloody Mary B. Victoria II C. Elizabeth I D. Mary, Queen of Scots E. Annabelle II

22 36) Oldest daughter of Henry VIII. Queen of England from Known for her ruthless, deadly suppression of the Angelicnism in attempting to re-Catholicize England. She married Spain’s Philip II. A. Bloody Mary B. Victoria II C. Elizabeth I D. Mary, Queen of Scots E. Annabelle II

23 37) Archbishop of Canterbury under Charles I in England. ____tried to force the Scottish to use the English Book of Common Prayer. He was later executed by Parliament during the English Civil War. A. William of Orange B. Leo X C. John Pym D. John Finch E. William Laud

24 37) Archbishop of Canterbury under Charles I in England. ____tried to force the Scottish to use the English Book of Common Prayer. He was later executed by Parliament during the English Civil War. A. William of Orange B. Leo X C. John Pym D. John Finch E. William Laud

25 38) A ruler who suppresses his or her religious designs for his or her kingdom in favor of political expediency. Examples: Elizabeth I (England), Henry IV (France). A. Politique B. Enlightened Absolutist C. Old Regime D. Colloquial Ruler E. Secular Ruler

26 38) A ruler who suppresses his or her religious designs for his or her kingdom in favor of political expediency. Examples: Elizabeth I (England), Henry IV (France). A. Politique B. Enlightened Absolutist C. Old Regime D. Colloquial Ruler E. Secular Ruler

27 39) __________ were supporters of Parliament, including non-Anglican Protestants and Puritans, while _________ (or royalists) were supported of the King- largely Roman Catholics, Anglicans, and nobles. A. Conservatives, Liberals B. Cavaliers, Roundheads C. Roundheads, Noble Order D. Liberals, Conservatives E. Roundheads, Cavaliers

28 39) __________ were supporters of Parliament, including non-Anglican Protestants and Puritans, while _________ (or royalists) were supported of the King- largely Roman Catholics, Anglicans, and nobles. A. Conservatives, Liberals B. Cavaliers, Roundheads C. Roundheads, Noble Order D. Liberals, Conservatives E. Roundheads, Cavaliers

29 40) Special courts under England’s James I designed to punish political dissenters and Puritans. A symbol of absolutism dating back to Henry VIII. A. The English Inquisition B. Reformist Courts C. Star Chamber Courts D. Anharbor Courts E. York Courts

30 40) Special courts under England’s James I designed to punish political dissenters and Puritans. A symbol of absolutism dating back to Henry VIII. A. The English Inquisition B. Reformist Courts C. Star Chamber Courts D. Anharbor Courts E. York Courts

31 41) Petition presented to James I of England by Members of Parliament (MPs) in response to his absolutists tendencies. This stated that the King could not tax without Parliamentary consent, quarter troops in private homes during peacetime, declare marital law, or imprison a person without a definite charge. A. Habeus Corpus B. Petition of Right C. Bill of Rights D. Petition of Representation E. Petition of Dissent

32 41) Petition presented to James I of England by Members of Parliament (MPs) in response to his absolutists tendencies. This stated that the King could not tax without Parliamentary consent, quarter troops in private homes during peacetime, declare marital law, or imprison a person without a definite charge. A. Habeus Corpus B. Petition of Right C. Bill of Rights D. Petition of Representation E. Petition of Dissent

33 42) Parliament convened by Charles I in It officially lasted twenty years and was involved in the civil war against Charles I. A. Long Parliament B. Twenty-Years Parliament C. Ancient Parliament D. Charles Parliament E. Dual Decade Parliament

34 42) Parliament convened by Charles I in It officially lasted twenty years and was involved in the civil war against Charles I. A. Long Parliament B. Twenty-Years Parliament C. Ancient Parliament D. Charles Parliament E. Dual Decade Parliament

35 43) Scottish form of Protestantism that Charles I of England tried to force to conform to Anglican practices. Charles I thus inflamed conflict with Scotland because of this religious difference. A. Puritanism B. Separatism C. Presbyterianism D. Calvinism E. Utopianism

36 43) Scottish form of Protestantism that Charles I of England tried to force to conform to Anglican practices. Charles I thus inflamed conflict with Scotland because of this religious difference. A. Puritanism B. Separatism C. Presbyterianism D. Calvinism E. Utopianism

37 44) Who was the son of James I and ruled England from beheaded by Roundheads at the end of the Civil War, after fighting with Parliament over a variety of issues? A. Charles I B. Charles II C. James I D. James II E. Edward II

38 44) Who was the son of James I and ruled England from beheaded by Roundheads at the end of the Civil War, after fighting with Parliament over a variety of issues? A. Charles I B. Charles II C. James I D. James II E. Edward II

39 45) Who was the sun of Mary (Scots) that ruled both England and Scotland together and believed in divine right? A.Edward VI B. Charles I C. Philip II D. James II E. James I

40 45) Who was the sun of Mary (Scots) that ruled both England and Scotland together and believed in divine right? A.Edward VI B. Charles I C. Philip II D. James II E. James I

41 46) Who was the Puritan leader of the Roundhead army that established a republic, or commonwealth, in England? He ruled as “Lord Protector” from , the period known as “Interregnum” in England. A. William of Orange B. Cromwell C. James I D. Charles I E. McArthur

42 46) Who was the Puritan leader of the Roundhead army that established a republic, or commonwealth, in England? He ruled as “Lord Protector” from , the period known as “Interregnum” in England. A. William of Orange B. Cromwell C. James I D. Charles I E. McArthur

43 47) Passed by Parliament under Oliver Cromwell that challenged the Dutch supremacy of sea trade by requiring all goods shipped from other countries to England to be carried by English ship or ships from the producing country. A. Navigation Act of 1651 B. English Supremacy Act C. Maritime Revision Act of 1660 D. Naval Independence Act of 1664 E. Cromwell Trading Act of 1653

44 47) Passed by Parliament under Oliver Cromwell that challenged the Dutch supremacy of sea trade by requiring all goods shipped from other countries to England to be carried by English ship or ships from the producing country. A. Navigation Act of 1651 B. English Supremacy Act C. Maritime Revision Act of 1660 D. Naval Independence Act of 1664 E. Cromwell Trading Act of 1653

45 48) The Cromwell-controlled Parliament that proclaimed England a republic and abolished the House of Lords and the monarchy. A. Republican Parliament B. Revolutionary Parliament C. Short Parliament D. Rump Parliament E. Long Parliament

46 48) The Cromwell-controlled Parliament that proclaimed England a republic and abolished the House of Lords and the monarchy. A. Republican Parliament B. Revolutionary Parliament C. Short Parliament D. Rump Parliament E. Long Parliament

47 49) Oliver Cromwell’s attempt at creating the first written constitution of England provided landowners the power to elect Parliamentary members. A. The Republican Constitution of England, 1655 B. The Representation Act, 1654 C. Parliamentary Act, 1650 D. Landowner’s Rights Act, 1652 E. Institute of Government, 1653

48 49) Oliver Cromwell’s attempt at creating the first written constitution of England provided landowners the power to elect Parliamentary members. A. The Republican Constitution of England, 1655 B. The Representation Act, 1654 C. Parliamentary Act, 1650 D. Landowner’s Rights Act, 1652 E. Institute of Government, 1653

49 50) Economic philosophy of a “hands off” approach. Advocated that governments should not in any way interfere with business. A. Socialism B. Mercantilism C. Utilitarianism D. Fourierism E. Laissez-faire

50 50) Economic philosophy of a “hands off” approach. Advocated that governments should not in any way interfere with business. A. Socialism B. Mercantilism C. Utilitarianism D. Fourierism E. Laissez-faire


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