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©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Chapter 4 The Troubled World into Which Jesus Was Born
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Key Topics/Themes The division of Alexander’s empire after his death The influence of Rome in Palestine
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Alexander and His Successors The conquests of Alexander The Diadochi: Alexander’s successors –The Ptolemies (descendants of Ptolemy I) –The Seleucids (descendants of Seleucus)
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Antiochus’s Persecution and the Maccabean Revolt
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Palestine and the Hellenistic Kingdoms The Seleucids gain control of Palestine from the Ptolemies (199 B.C.E.) The rule of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-163 B.C.E.)
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Rule of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-163 B.C.E.) Forced Hellenization upon the Jews Outlawed the traditions of Judaism Made Jerusalem Temple into shrine to Greek god Zeus The martyrdoms endured by the Hasidim (“pious ones”)
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Torah Loyalism, Martyrdom, and the Reward of Future Life Torah loyalism and martyrdom in 2 Maccabees Torah loyalism and martyrdom in the Book of Daniel
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Maccabean Revolt (166- 142 B.C.E.) The defiance of Mattathias Judas Maccabeus (the “Hammer”) Rededication of the Temple, December 164 B.C.E. The Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah) The Hasmonean dynasty (142-40 B.C.E.)
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Domination of Rome Roman general Pompey marches on Palestine (63 B.C.E.) Jewish Hasmonean kings reduced to client rulers by Roman power
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Career of Herod the Great (37-4 B.C.E.) Herod’s political expansion Herod’s building projects –Fortresses (Masada) –Port city of Caesarea –Refurbishment of Jerusalem Temple
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Herod’s Successors Herod’s three sons –Herod Philip (4 B.C.E.-34 C.E.) –Herod Antipas (4 B.C.E.-39 C.E.) –Herod Archelaus (4 B.C.E.-6 C.E.) Judea ruled by procurators after 6 C.E. Other significant descendants –Herod Agrippa I (41-44 B.C.E.) –Herod Agrippa II
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Roman Emperors Augustus (27-14 C.E.) Tiberius (14-37 C.E.) New Testament attitudes toward Rome –Jesus’ criticisms of Roman power –Key roles of Roman soldiers in Jesus ministry –Paul’s accommodating stance –Revelation: Rome an evil “harlot”
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Jewish Revolts Against Rome First revolt (66-73 C.E.) –Incited by Jewish nationalists –Crushed by Vespasian and Titus –Jerusalem and Temple destroyed (70 C.E.) –Chief historical source: Flavius Josephus The bar Kochba revolt (132-135 C.E.)
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Summary Jesus’ life framed by Jewish wars for independence –Maccabean revolt (166-142 B.C.E.) –First Jewish revolt (66-73 C.E.) –Bar Kochba revolt (132-135 C.E.) Jesus’ words and deeds to be interpreted in the context of seething Jewish nationalism
© 2006 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Chapter 4 The Troubled World into Which Jesus Was Born.
Relations between Gentiles and Jews n Apostolic Conference: Gal 2:1-10 (cf. Acts 15:6-21) n Difficult issues in daily life: circumcision, foodlaws, etc.
The New Testament World © John Stevenson, How has the New Testament been used by politicians for political gain?
CHAPTER 10 Between The Two Testaments: Greek Culture And The Growth of Multiple Judaisms.
Ancient Palestine From Alexander the Great to Herod the Great.
Greek Empire of Alexander 334 BCE, Greek Empire Rises Alexander the Great Invades Judah Hellenization After Alexander’s death, series of Generals rule.
The Intertestamental Period. Amos Old Testament completed 400 BC Birth of Jesus 5 BC? Malachi? 400 Silent Years.
Chapter 2: The New Testament World of Jesus The Political Climate in First- Century Palestine.
Overview of Second Temple Period Geography. Major cities, regions and empires Persia Babylon / Mesopotamia Syria (Antioch) Palestine Galilee.
The Intertestamental Period
History Between the Exile and Jesus History : Persian Period Cyrus [ca. 539 BC(E)] –Sheshbazzar Darius [ca. 520] –Joshua and Zerubbabel –Haggai and Zechariah.
History of Israel Recounted in the Bible History of IsraelDatesPeople Recounted in the Bible 7. Babylonian Exile BCEzekielEzekiel, Obadiah, Lamentations,
C.A.S.K.E.T. E.M.P.T.Y. E xpectations M essiah P entecost T eaching Y et-To-Come.
12. I & II Maccabees. First Maccabee is 16 chapters originally written in Hebrew and probably called “the Hasmoneans” after Mattathias of the house.
Persian empire was conquered by the Greeks (led by Alexander the Great) in 332 BCE. At first, this meant nothing but after Alexander’s death, the.
Background. The first emperor of Rome (30 BCE-14 CE), brought peace to the Roman Empire, called the census of “the whole world”
Persian empire was conquered by the Greeks (led by Alexander the Great) in 332 BCE.
JUDAS MACCABEUS Made By: Aaron Jalca. WHO IS HE? Judas Maccabeus is an important figure in the Judaism religion. He was a Jew himself actually. He literally.
Greek and Roman History of Israel To access videos, powerpoints, and notes online, go to: Gracebrethren.com Connect Equip Israel.
An Apocalyptic World View Understanding Daniel and the some other “strange” texts.
Israelite History Thousands of Years of Development
CHRIST APOSTLES >730,000 Consecutive Days ! CHURCH “FATHERS”
400 Years Of God’s Silence 10/19/20151Lesson One.
Ancient Israel. Historical Overview ► Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great monotheistic religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
In The Footsteps Of The Master: The Life and Times of Jesus Christ The Time Between the Testaments September 7, 2008
Chapter 15: The Revolt of the Maccabees
Lecture 3: Early Roman Imperial History Dr. Ann T. Orlando 4 Sept
The Intertestamental Period: From Babylon To The Birth Of Christ Seleucid Period.
The New Testament World. How has the New Testament been used by politicians for political gain?
PROPHETIC TIME-LINE |------Pre-Exilic | Exilic | Post-Exilic | Inter-Testamental |
Daniel 8. I. IDENTIFYING THE KINGDOMS (8:20-21) Daniel 2 Lion (v. 4) The Ram & He-Goat Bear (v. 5) Leopard (v. 6) Iron Teeth (v. 7-8) Daniel 7 Ram (v.
DO NOW: HOW DO PREPARE FOR THE EASTER CELEBRATION? Chapter 18 ~ Lesson 2.
Alexander the Great Educated by Aristotle (personal tutor) Very impulsive A mystic A scholar Very handsome and strong Became king at twenty years old Followed.
Dan. 1-6: Stories of Daniel and friends in exile Dan. 7-12: Apocalyptic visions Book of Daniel.
400 Years Of God’s Silence 5/8/20151Lesson Eight.
The Growth of Judaism. Growth of Judaism During their time in exile, the Israelite religion became known as Judaism During their time in exile, the Israelite.
Interlude: A Kingdom Story Waiting for an Ending The Intertestamental Period.
The Journey Leads to the Time of Jesus and Beyond CHAPTER TEN.
The Judaic and Hellenistic background for the New Testament.
Step By Step Through the New Testament Rev. Christopher J. Respass Antioch Bible Institute Fall 2013 Lesson 1: New Testament Background (part 1)
Who’s in Charge GroupiesWe Won!Name Game Missing Misc
© 2006 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Chapter 3 The Two Worlds in Which Christianity Originated: Jewish and Greek.
Time Between the Testaments Intertestamental Period or “Silent Years” Approx. 430 – 2 B.C. (or 432 – 5 B.C.)
Survey of New Testament Times J Gareth Evans When we study the New Testament we encounter people and cultures different from our own. We need to be aware.
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Chapter 3 The Two Worlds in Which Christianity Originated: Jewish and Greek.
Episode 2: Waypoints in Church History The Cenacle, Jerusalem Acts 2:1-4.
Egypt Assyria Babylonia Persia Lydia Media Scythia Palestine.
Religious diversity in early empire -Within the culturally diverse Roman Empire, a variety of religious beliefs and practices coexisted. -Jupiter, Juno.
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