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Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. He was killed in the Philippines (1521). One of his ships returned to Spain (1522),

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Presentation on theme: "Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. He was killed in the Philippines (1521). One of his ships returned to Spain (1522),"— Presentation transcript:

1 Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in He was killed in the Philippines (1521). One of his ships returned to Spain (1522), thereby completing the first circumnavigation of the globe. Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in He was killed in the Philippines (1521). One of his ships returned to Spain (1522), thereby completing the first circumnavigation of the globe. A) Ferdinand Magellan B) Pedro Alvares C) Vasco de Gama D) Francisco Pizarro E) Christopher Columbus

2 Portuguese explorer who reached and claimed Brazil accidentally in 1500 on a voyage to India. Portuguese explorer who reached and claimed Brazil accidentally in 1500 on a voyage to India. A) Ferdinand Magellan B) Pedro Alvares C) Vasco de Gama D) Francisco Pizarro E) Christopher Columbus

3 Portuguese explorer, the first European to reach India by sea sailing around the tip of Africa. Portuguese explorer, the first European to reach India by sea sailing around the tip of Africa. A) Ferdinand Magellan B) Pedro Alvares C) Vasco de Gama D) Francisco Pizarro E) Christopher Columbus

4 Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima ( ) Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima ( ) A) Ferdinand Magellan B) Pedro Alvares C) Vasco de Gama D) Francisco Pizarro E) Christopher Columbus

5 Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China. Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China. A) Ferdinand Magellan B) Pedro Alvares C) Vasco de Gama D) Francisco Pizarro E) Christopher Columbus

6 Renaissance term that referred to the fixation with Ancient Grecian and Roman classics. A) “Returning to the Sources” B) “Fat people” C) “Little people” D) “Defender of the Faith E) Politiques

7 Term used by Florentines to describe 30% of the urban population, including wealthier merchant, the leading artisans, notaries, doctors and other professionals. A) “Returning to the Sources” B) “Fat people” C) “Little people” D) “Defender of the Faith E) Politiques

8 Renaissance term that referred to the fixation with Ancient Greecan and Roman classics. A) “Returning to the Sources” B) “Fat people” C) “Little people” D) “Defender of the Faith E) Politiques

9 This title was awarded to King Henry VIII after writing the book "Defence of the Seven Sacraments" the assistance of Thomas More. A) “Returning to the Sources” B) “Fat people” C) “Little people” D) “Defender of the Faith E) Politiques

10 public figures who placed politics before religion and believed that no religious truth was worth civil war public figures who placed politics before religion and believed that no religious truth was worth civil war A) “Returning to the Sources” B) “Fat people” C) “Little people” D) “Defender of the Faith E) Politiques

11 In 1494 an agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal. A) Treaty of Tordesillas B) Treaty of Lodi C) Peace of Augsburg D) Peace of Westphalia E) Pragmatic Sanction

12 1454, settled decades of warfare between the city states, established a balance of power between the major Italian city states and maintained relative stability in the peninsula for a half a century, the system collapsed in 1494 with the French invasion A) Treaty of Tordesillas B) Treaty of Lodi C) Peace of Augsburg D) Peace of Westphalia E) Pragmatic Sanction

13 was a treaty signed between Charles V, and the Schmalkaldic League. It officially put A stop to the Schmalkaldic wars. It allowed the princes to choose to be either Lutheran or Catholic religions A) Treaty of Tordesillas B) Treaty of Lodi C) Peace of Augsburg D) Peace of Westphalia E) Pragmatic Sanction

14 Brought peace to the Thirty Years' War and served as a model for resolving conflict among the warring European countries. A) Treaty of Tordesillas B) Treaty of Lodi C) Peace of Augsburg D) Peace of Westphalia E) Pragmatic Sanction

15 1438, Charles Charles V of Austria's written document that allowed his daughter, Maria Theresa, to rule Austria and keep her land after her father dies. A) Treaty of Tordesillas B) Treaty of Lodi C) Peace of Augsburg D) Peace of Westphalia E) Pragmatic Sanction

16 One of King Henry VIII's loyal servants who was also an archbishop of Canterbury A) Thomas Cramner B) Thomas Muntzer C) Thomas More D) Ignatius Loyola E) Francis Xavier

17 Was an early Reformation-era German pastor who was a rebel leader during the Peasants' War. Cf. Radical Reformation, Protestant reformers A) Thomas Cramner B) Thomas Muntzer C) Thomas More D) Ignatius Loyola E) Francis Xavier

18 He was an English lawyer who also served loyally as a royal ambassador for king henry the VIII. He became lord chancellor. However, tiring of court life and Henry’s control over the clergy he resigned. Among his more famous works is the book Utopia. A) Thomas Cramner B) Thomas Muntzer C) Thomas More D) Ignatius Loyola E) Francis Xavier

19 The founder of the Jesuits A) Thomas Cramner B) Thomas Muntzer C) Thomas More D) Ignatius Loyola E) Francis Xavier

20 A pioneering Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). A) Thomas Cramner B) Thomas Muntzer C) Thomas More D) Ignatius Loyola E) Francis Xavier

21 Astronomer who formulated the theory of heliocentrism. A) Nicolaus Copernicus B) Tycho Brahe C) Johannes Kepler D) Sir Francis Bacon E) Galileo Galilei

22 He was an English philosopher, statesman and essayist but is best known for leading the scientific revolution with his new 'observation and experimentation' theory which is the way science has been conducted ever since. A) Nicolaus Copernicus B) Tycho Brahe C) Johannes Kepler D) Sir Francis Bacon E) Galileo Galilei

23 Astrologer and alchemist. Along with his assistant Johannes Kepler, he designed the laws for planetary motion. A) Nicolaus Copernicus B) Tycho Brahe C) Johannes Kepler D) Sir Francis Bacon E) Galileo Galilei

24 A key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution, was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer. He is best known for his laws of planetary motion. A) Nicolaus Copernicus B) Tycho Brahe C) Johannes Kepler D) Sir Francis Bacon E) Galileo Galilei

25 He was an Italian physicist, astronomer, and philosopher. He improved the telescope, made many astrological observations. He discovered that the Earth revolves around the Sun. A) Nicolaus Copernicus B) Tycho Brahe C) Johannes Kepler D) Sir Francis Bacon E) Galileo Galilei

26 Philip I wanted to unite the protestant followers of Luther and those of Zwingili in a way which was politically convenient for him by trying to find a median between the two groups A) Colloquy of Marburg B) New Testament into German C) Diet of Worms D) Indulgences E) Edict of Nantes

27 Martin Luther did this during his time in hiding believing the common people to be allowed to read the bible for themselves. A) Colloquy of Marburg B) New Testament into German C) Diet of Worms D) Indulgences E) Edict of Nantes

28 a general assembly of the estates of the Holy Roman Empire that took place in Worms. It is most memorable for addressing Martin Luther and the effects of the Protestant Reformation A) Colloquy of Marburg B) New Testament into German C) Diet of Worms D) Indulgences E) Edict of Nantes

29 These were remissions of sins by performing certain religious tasks such as "going on pilgrimage, attending mass, doing holy works, etc." However it is more likely that this was merely a way for the church to make a greater profit by selling them. A) Colloquy of Marburg B) New Testament into German C) Diet of Worms D) Indulgences E) Edict of Nantes

30 Granted Huguenots the same rights as Catholics in a mainly Catholic nation. It was issued by Henry IV of France on April 13, This paced the way for tolerance and secularism in France. A) Colloquy of Marburg B) New Testament into German C) Diet of Worms D) Indulgences E) Edict of Nantes

31 Someone who does not believe in god. A) Infidel B) Evangelicals C) Christian humanists D) Anabaptists E) Huguenots

32 this was what the followers of Martin Luther were called until 1529 when German Princes and city delegates lodged a formal protest against imperial authorities who had declared Luther's cause criminal. A) Infidel B) Evangelicals C) Christian humanists D) Anabaptists E) Huguenots

33 These people were outraged by the abuse of power of the church and dreamed of ideal societies based on peace and morality. They also sought to realize the ethical ideals of the classical world. A) Infidel B) Evangelicals C) Christian humanists D) Anabaptists E) Huguenots

34 These people believed that only adults could believe and accept baptism and therefore the baptism of infants was invalid. They considered themselves to be true Christians unblemished by sin and did not support violence but preferred peace and salvation. A) Infidel B) Evangelicals C) Christian humanists D) Anabaptists E) Huguenots

35 This was what the followers of French Protestants or Calvinists. A) Infidel B) Evangelicals C) Christian humanists D) Anabaptists E) Huguenots

36 Protestant princes in the Holy Roman Empire who vowed to defend each other's territories if Charles V were to attack anyone of them. A) Schmalkaldic League B) Visconti C) Patrons D) Mayan E) Moriscos

37 Established themselves as the dukes of Milan and extended their power over all of Lombardy. worked to build a strong centralized state. A) Schmalkaldic League B) Visconti C) Patrons D) Mayan E) Moriscos

38 Rich upper or middle class people who would give money and support to artists and intellectuals. A) Schmalkaldic League B) Visconti C) Patrons D) Mayan E) Moriscos

39 People of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy. A) Schmalkaldic League B) Visconti C) Patrons D) Mayan E) Moriscos

40 Muslims in Spain who had converted to Christianity Their conversion was often questioned. They were persecuted and often came before the Inquisition. Finally, they were expelled from Spain in 1609 A) Schmalkaldic League B) Visconti C) Patrons D) Mayan E) Moriscos

41 Political theory articulated by French statesmen Richelieu ( ) that holds that the interests and needs of the state may take precedence over traditional moral and international law. A) Raison d’état B) Heliocentrism C) Scriptoria D) Tithe E) Baroque

42 the belief that the Sun is at the center of the Universe and/or the Solar System A) Raison d’état B) Heliocentrism C) Scriptoria D) Tithe E) Baroque

43 A workshop in which documents were copied by hand for sale to upper and middle class. A) Raison d’état B) Heliocentrism C) Scriptoria D) Tithe E) Baroque

44 a tax offering of a tenth part of some personal income A) Raison d’état B) Heliocentrism C) Scriptoria D) Tithe E) Baroque

45 the qualities most frequently associated with this type of art are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, vitality, movement, tension, and emotional exuberance. Curves, exaggerated lighting, release from restraint, and even a kind of artistic sensationalism A) Raison d’état B) Heliocentrism C) Scriptoria D) Tithe E) Baroque

46 Historians' name for the eastern portion of the Roman Empire from the fourth century onward, taken from 'Byzantion,' an early name for Constantinople, the Byzantine capital city. The empire fell to the Ottomans in A) Byzantine Empire B) Ottoman Empire C) Aztec D) Utopia E) Muscovy

47 Lead by Sultan Mehmed II, a serious threat to Christian Europe, declared a holy war and laid siege to Constantinople and won, earning Mehmed II the name of the “Conqueror” A) Byzantine Empire B) Ottoman Empire C) Aztec D) Utopia E) Muscovy

48 Built their capital city at Tenochtitlan; increased their power until they dominated central Mexico; built causeways, pyramids, marketplaces, and palaces; ended when conquered by Spanish explorers in the 1500s. A) Byzantine Empire B) Ottoman Empire C) Aztec D) Utopia E) Muscovy

49 Written by Thomas More describes it describes an imaginary land which, was intended as a critique of his own society. This society was heaven compared to life in England as it was based on a system of equality. A) Byzantine Empire B) Ottoman Empire C) Aztec D) Utopia E) Muscovy

50 A former principality in west-central Russia. Centered on Moscow, it was founded c and existed as a separate entity until the 16th century, when it was united with another principality to form the nucleus of the early Russian empire. A) Byzantine Empire B) Ottoman Empire C) Aztec D) Utopia E) Muscovy


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