Presentation on theme: "Manifest Destiny Obvious fate to settle land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread democracy."— Presentation transcript:
Manifest Destiny Obvious fate to settle land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread democracy.
John O’Sullivan – coined the term and many others about expansion – “We are a nation of human progress, and who will, what can, set limits to our onward march?” – “manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole continent which Providence (God) has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty…”
By the 1840s America is crowded and looking for territory to expand is population and economy. Manifest Destiny was linked with slavery – If we expand does slavery? – John Tyler thought it should – Many following presidents refused to deal with the issue of adding Texas to the nation for this reason
James K. Polk the Expander Annexed Oregon – Increased pressure to make it a state due to increased American population – America needed a Pacific port for trade with China – 1846 Great Britain and the United States signed a treaty that gave all land south of the 49 parallel to the United States
Annexed Texas – 1845 Congress approved Texas to join the union – This angered Mexico who thought Texas was stolen from them by the Americans
California Mexico had lost Texas, but they still controlled present day New Mexico, Arizona, and California Mission system under Spanish rule – Important part of everyday life – Huge farming and ranching operations – Native Americans used as slave labor
Break down of the Mission system – Large tracks of land granted to the wealthy – Created large ranches run by vaqueros (cowboys) Californios felt little connection to the Mexican government because of the distance – Anglos (Americans) arrived – Talk of independence occurred with growing issues between U.S. and Mexico