Presentation on theme: "The British in India AIM: How did imperialism effect India and create Indian Nationalism? Do Now: Define the following terms What is Empire? An extensive."— Presentation transcript:
The British in India AIM: How did imperialism effect India and create Indian Nationalism? Do Now: Define the following terms What is Empire? An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly esp. an emperor or empress. What is Imperialism? A policy of extending a country's power and influence through political,economic, and social measures. What is Colonialism? The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
General Phases of India 1420s-1750s: Mughal Empire Early 1600s: East India Co. arrives in India 1857 Indian (Sepoy) Mutiny (Great Rebellion) 1858: Direct Rule begins - Raj 1880s-1919: (very limited political concessions) 1919-onward: Mass Nationalist Movements 1947: Independence and Partition
Outlawing Suttee (sati) An ancient Indian tradition of the setting on-self on fire for a widow on her husband's funeral pyre (fire)
Fighting the Thuggees Was a religious cult and an organized gang of professional assassins who traveled in groups across India for several hundred years. Estimates of the total number of victims vary widely, depending on the author's idea of the length of existence of the Thugs (for which there are no reliable sources). According to the Guinness Book of Records the Thuggee cult was responsible for approximately 2,000,000 deaths, while British historian Mike Dash estimates that they killed 50,000 persons in total, based on his assumption that they only started to exist 150 years before their eradication in the 1830s. British used modern police tactics including detective work, informants, and reporting across regions in India to end this violent groups work.
British Opium Warehouse in Patna, India Selling Patna Opium in China
Lord Dalhousie r. 1848 - 1856 Consolidated East India Company rule in India Destroyed the East India Company 's financial and military position through reckless policies. Laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) Led the final transformation of profitable commercial operations in India into a money-losing colonial administration. His period of rule in India directly preceded the transformation into the Victorian Raj period of Indian administration.
Sepoy Mutiny, 1857 One of the most well-known uprisings during the British colonization of India was a mutiny of the native troops known as "sepoys". When it began on Sunday, May 10, 1857 the Sepoy rebellion was a complete surprise to the British, many of whom were "blind to the unrest that had been created, in part, by the rapid imposition of direct British control over two-thirds of India"