2 DefinitionPoetry that focuses on emotions or thoughts rather than telling a storyThe name “lyric” comes from the Greeks- songs accompanied by a lyreLyric poems tend to be melodious-created by use of rhyme, rhythm,alliteration, onomatopoeia, etc.
4 Shakespearean SonnetA fourteen line poem that consists of three quatrains and one couplet- Couplet-a pair of lines that rhyme; concludes a sonnet- Quatrain-a four line stanzaWritten in iambic pentameter-meter of a sonnet; five pairs of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable- ten syllables per line Rhyme scheme: ababcdcdefefgg
5 Shakespearean SonnetContains a conceit-an image or metaphor likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different (“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”)Turn- The sonnet can be thematically divided into two sections: the first presents the theme, raises an issue or doubt, and the second part answers the question, resolves the problem, or drives home the poem's point. This change in the poem is called the turn and helps move forward the emotional action of the poem. The turn often occurs in the ninth line of the fourteen line sonnet.
6 Shakespearean Sonnet SONNET 116 Let me not to the marriage of true minds AAdmit impediments. Love is not love BWhich alters when it alteration finds, AOr bends with the remover to remove. B 1st quatrainO, no! It is an ever-fixed mark CThat looks on tempests and is never shaken; DIt is the star to every wandering bark, CWhose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken. D 2nd quatrainLove’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks EWithin his bending sickle’s compass come; FLove alters not with his brief hours and weeks, EBut bears it out even to the edge of doom. F 3rd quatrainIf this be error, and upon me proved, GI never writ, nor no man ever loved. G Couplet
7 Examples of Shakespearean Sonnet “The Hourglass”
8 Italian Sonnet 14 lines Consists of one octave, one sestet - Octave- eight line stanza- Sestet- six line stanzaRhyme scheme: abbaabbacdecdeAlso written in iambic pentameter
9 Italian Sonnet The Sound of the Sea Henry Wadsworth Longfellow The sea awoke at midnight from its sleep. AAnd round the pebbly beaches far and wide BI heard the first wave of the rising tide BRush onward with uninterrupted sweep; AA voice out of the silence of the deep, AA sound mysteriously multiplied BAs of a cataract from the mountain’s side, BOr roar of winds upon a wooded steep. A OctaveSo comes to us at times, from the unknown CAnd inaccessible solitudes of being, DThe rushing of the sea-tides of the soul; EAnd inspirations, that we deem our own, CAre some divine foreshadowing and foreseeing DOf things beyond our reason or control. E Sestet
10 Ode Uses heightened, impassioned language Addresses some object Uses apostrophe- speaker directly addresses an absent/dead person, abstract quality, or something nonhuman as if it were present and capable of respondingConsists of five sonnetsRhyme scheme: terza rima- each sonnet ends with a couplet; each group of three lines picks up the rhyme of the second line of the preceding three lines
11 Terza Rima O WILD West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being a Thou from whose unseen presence the leaves dead bAre driven like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, aYellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, bPestilence-stricken multitudes! O thou cWho chariotest to their dark wintry bed bThe wingèd seeds, where they lie cold and low, cEach like a corpse within its grave, until dThine azure sister of the Spring shall blow cHer clarion o'er the dreaming earth, and fill d(Driving sweet buds like flocks to feed in air) eWith living hues and odours plain and hill; dWild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; eDestroyer and preserver; hear, O hear! e
12 Examples of Ode “Ode to the West Wind” “Ode to the Caribbean Sea” “Ode to Rusty”
13 Elegy Mourns the death of a person or laments something lost Can lament the passing of life and beauty, or mediations on nature and deathFormal in language & structureSolemn or melancholy in tone
14 Examples of Elegy“In Memory of W.B. Yeats”“To My Grammy”
15 Other Poetry TermsDefine the following poetry terms.