Presentation on theme: "The Jackson Era. The Republic I.American Identity/Four Themes of Growing Country A.Placing public good above selfish interests B.Valued the idea of independence."— Presentation transcript:
The Republic I.American Identity/Four Themes of Growing Country A.Placing public good above selfish interests B.Valued the idea of independence C.Household economy 1.Define: a.Usually trading within their community and growing what is needed 1.EX: b.MONEY not used D.Republican Motherhood 1.The patriotic women’s role was to instill in her children the values that would make the republic( ) strong a.
II. New Individualism (Country starts to change) A.Household economy shifts to market economy 1.Market economy: 2.People began to send goods to distant markets for CASH 3.People’s social ties to their community grew weaker 4.Individual success was becoming more important than a person’s responsibility to their community B. “Self-Made Man” 1.Define: 2. Example of the wish for personal gain 3. How does this make our country different?
C. Expansion of Politics 1.Barriers to suffrage() were done away with for white males 2.Old elite() vs. independent men( ) a.More men were running for office
Andrew Jackson I.Andrew Jackson A. Born in Carolina; son of immigrant parents from Ireland; sensitive(); Indian fighter; hard worker( ) B. Military career 1.Fought in the Revolutionary War and War of 1812 2.“Old Hickory” C. Elected president in 1828 1. First man from land west of the original 13 colonies to become president
Election of 1824 I. “Era of Good Feelings” A. End of the Federalist Party B. Jeffersonian Republicans 1. Why “Good Feelings”?
II. Election of 1824 Results 261 Electoral Votes possible Electoral VotePopular VoteHouse of Representatives Jackson- TN99153,5447 Adams-MA84108,74013 Crawford-GA4146,6184 Clay-KY3747,136-
A.Who won the election of 1824? 1.Jackson won popular and electoral vote with a plurality ( ) 2.How are electoral votes given? 3. Was there an Electoral Majority? 4. No majority = vote in the House a. Clay was Speaker of the House 5. Adams won in House vote a. Clay becomes Sec. of State() B. “Corrupt Bargain” with Henry Clay 1. Jackson is FURIOUS
III. Election of 1828 and the Jackson Presidency A. Rematch Election of 1824 1. Beginning of Modern Campaigning a. Jackson resigns to campaign fulltime b. Rallies 2. Jackson elected President B.Jackson’s Convictions() as President 1. Political Democracy: 2. Union as a whole a. b. Nullification Crisis 1. South Carolina threatens to nullify 2. Summary: 3. Jackson calms crisis a. “Our federal union, it must be preserved.”
C. Power of the Presidency 1. gave the presidential office power and importance it carries today 2. “King Mob” 3. Spoils System
Indian Removal A. Relocation 1.Indian Removal Act 1830 2.“Five Civilized Tribes” 3.Establish Indian Territory a.Oklahoma B. Resistance 1.Seminole tribe in Florida a.Osceola b.Guerrilla Tactics C. Worcester v. Georgia 1.Supreme Court Ruling: 2.Jackson’s Response: 3.Challenge to Judicial Power
U.S. Response to Native Americans I.Many tribes were eliminated by war, starvation and disease( ) II.Treaty of Greenville A.Broke promise of Northwest Ordinance of 1787 1.Indian lands would not be taken without their consent 2.Eliminated security for Indians in their ancestral lands() B.From 1790’s onward, U.S. government saw tribes as independent nations 1. Why is the “nation” aspect important?
III. Treaties and Indian Lands A.Indian tribes freely consented to cede() their land 1.Pennies on the acre 2.Many treaties obtained through fraud and violence 3.Signed by people who did not speak for all Indians or the land B. Treaty of Ft. Wayne 1.All of the Northwest Territory() was legally open to white settlement 2.Repeating cycle of whites’ destruction of Indian environment a.Cut down forests b.Introduce disease c.drove off game
D.The Whig Party 1.Anti-Jackson 2.Want a “modern” America E.Bank of the United States 1.Government Controlled Bank 2.Andrew Jackson Fights the Banks a. Jackson hated the Bank b. Whigs support the Bank c. People agree with Jackson 3.Jackson kills the bank How?