How to negotiate and how may the agreement be implemented in a manner conditioned by security?
Principles for the proposed plan Parallel progress in both perception: 1. Palestinian state-building from the bottom up. 2. Signing a permanent agreement regarding all issues, and Implementation of the agreement. Implementation of the issues they have with security will be dependent Palestinian state's ability to maintain an agreed level security.
Principles for the proposed plan During the negotiations and during implementation of the agreement required involvement of the Arab world And the international community. The implementation of the agreement in Gaza will begin as soon as the Palestinian state enforce its control over it.
First phase Negotiations over the final border Building restriction No evacuation of settlements (evacuation- compensation law) Unauthorized outposts will be evacuated Israel will transfer some C areas and all area B to the PA Prisoners exchange, gradual opening of passages The USSC will be present from the first phase onward, and will monitor the build up of Palestinian security capacities necessary to move to the second phase
Second phase : Negotiations at the end of which a comprehensive agreement will be signed over all remaining issues (Jerusalem, refugees, security and other issues). A limited number of settlements and settlers will be evacuated. At the same time, Arab states will extend normalization gestures to Israel. After implementation of the first two phases, Israel will hold a security strip in the Jordan Valley and the Judea Desert, will control international passages, will hold east Jerusalem without the Arab marginal neighborhoods, and will hold the major settlement blocks. In the remaining area, Israel will evacuate all military bases and settlements and will transfer all authority to the PA. Deployment of an international force will begin. Both sides will approve the agreement. A conference of donor countries will be convened on the implementation of the agreement. The transition to implementing the final phase will only be done after reaching a full agreement.
The UN will adopt a resolution approving the agreement as the only document that binds the parties, and which supersedes all prior UN resolutions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel will implement the third phase by transferring territory to Palestinian jurisdiction. No Israeli territory will be transferred to Gaza in the framework of territorial exchange for Jewish settlement blocks, and the corridor connecting the West Bank to Gaza will not be opened until the Palestinian state can demonstrate effective control in the Gaza Strip as well. The parties will implement the agreement according to the time table to be included therein. Israel will sign a normalization agreement with the Arab League, and the Arab states and Israel will begin to implement it subject to the political process with Syria and Lebanon. Third phase
The international community headed by the Quartet and the Arab world will follow up and assist reaching the agreement and implementing it through mediation, financing and participation in international forces to be deployed for an agreed period in the Palestinian side. Similarly, the UN will consider the agreement as the end of the Israeli- Palestinian conflict and will approve it in the Security Council and the General Assembly in a manner that annuls all prior resolutions.
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Security Geneva Initiative Shaul Arieli October 2010 www.shaularieli.com