We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byAlisha Wood
Modified about 1 year ago
RECONSIDERING THE BICYCLE: An Anthropological Perspective on a New (Old) Thing CHAPTER TWO: What (and When) is a Bicycle? © Routledge 2013
KEY IDEAS A bicycle is a complex socio-technical object whose meanings and practices are shaped variously through its production, history, and uses. The “when” of a bicycle is important to its “what.” The bicycle’s diverse forms are tied to histories of technological innovation, industrial capitalism, political-economic dynamics, consumerism, and social change. The term “evolution” does not capture the complexity of technological change. Bicycles are multidimensional objects with “social lives.” © Routledge 2013
What is a Bicycle? The “common sense” © Routledge 2013
What is a Bicycle? Common sense is not always “common” or “sensical” Recumbent bicycle Velomobile Electric bicycle © Routledge 2013
A Brief History of Bicycles Historians recognize three general types and periods: Velocipedes and “Boneshakers,” s High Wheeler “Ordinaries” (AKA “Penny Farthings”), 1870s-1880s Safety Bicycles, mid-1880s onward © Routledge 2013
A Brief History of Bicycles Before the 1870s, velocipedes had very limited appeal among wealthy men (“dandies”) In the 1870s and 80s, riding high-wheelers becomes a craze in Northern Europe and the U.S.: Still an elite social and leisure activity: Wheelmen’s clubs, parades in military formation, etc. Racing becomes a popular spectator sport Highly gendered, with men as the primary participants © Routledge 2013
A Brief History of Bicycles In the 1890s, the Safety enables “the first bicycle boom:” Bicycling becomes a widely popular activity, and bicycle manufacture becomes an important and prestigious political and industrial sector. Cycling becomes a key site of social change and controversy, tied to new ideas about “auto-mobility” and effortless speed, the importance of “good roads,” the need for new traffic laws, and debates over morality and health consequences Feminists adopt the bicycle as a vehicle for emancipation of the “new woman.” The bicycle sets the institutional, social, political and industrial groundwork for the rise of the automobile. © Routledge 2013
But the Bicycle Didn’t “Evolve” Processes of “stabilization” and “closure” around the safety bicycle were tied closely to political, economic, and social dynamics and influences, not simply technical concerns. Cultural meanings also play a role in those processes. Example: The tricycle Even as they are more useful and easier to ride, a higher symbolic value was placed on riding bicycles, being viewed as “sportier” © Routledge 2013
The “Social Life” of the Bicycle Five Key Dimensions 1.The bicycle is a physical object. A bicycle’s dimensions and materials enable and shape the experience of the rider. Even as people perform on bicycles, bicycles perform on people, extending muscular action and forcing people to make subtle adjustments that may barely rise to consciousness. © Routledge 2013
The “Social Life” of the Bicycle Five Key Dimensions 2. The bicycle is a thing with a past, present, and future. These temporal dimensions can be understood through: The concept of assemblage, in which the potential of the bicycle is realized in the temporary assembly of human-machine. A “biography of a thing,” which follows the life course of an object from its origins and manufacture through its acquisition, use, and discard, revealing details about social relations and cultural meanings that influence human relations with bicycles. © Routledge 2013
The “Social Life” of the Bicycle Five Key Dimensions 3. The bicycle is a commodity that circulates through transnational political- economic relations. Bicycle production, which once operated on a national scale, is now based on globally-dispersed networks of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors far from markets of consumption. The major concentration of factories is in China and Taiwan, drawing on suppliers from many other countries. The intensive human cooperation to make bicycles, as well as that manufacturing’s impact on laborers, are not well understood by consumers. © Routledge 2013
The “Social Life” of the Bicycle Five Key Dimensions 4. The bicycle is an object of cultivated desire. Marketing and advertising have long been critical dimensions of the bicycle industry, and it innovated numerous techniques of promotion in the late-1800s. Planned obsolescence based on minor design changes, which was one of those techniques, is still around, in the annual trade show and annual buyer’s guide. Shopping for bicycles is not simply a matter of cost-benefit, involving matters of relationship, identity, social positioning, and the creation of meaning. The ways bicycles have been sold in the U.S.—for youth and for recreation—have contributed to the marginalization of the bicycle for everyday mobility. © Routledge 2013
The “Social Life” of the Bicycle Five Key Dimensions 5. The bicycle is a useful possession. In moving its rider from A to B, bicycles are rooted in a practical social order that involves roads, streets, laws, regulations, and social institutions. Bicycles are also rooted in a symbolic expressive order in which people develop and demonstrate a sense of self and relationship with others. People express cultural meanings and status hierarchies through their consumption and use of objects like bicycles. © Routledge 2013
Discussion Questions How did our common-sense idea of a bicycle, such as the one pictured in the third slide, come to be? What are some of the reasons the bicycle became so popular in the 1890s? How did meanings and uses of the bicycle shift after that boom? Why? All objects have “social lives,” but not all objects might have the same 5 dimensions as those presented here. Can you think of another mundane object and outline the dimensions of its social life? © Routledge 2013
RECONSIDERING THE BICYCLE: An Anthropological Perspective on a New (Old) Thing CHAPTER FOUR: “Good for the Cause”: The Bike Movement as Social Action and.
RECONSIDERING THE BICYCLE: An Anthropological Perspective on a New (Old) Thing CHAPTER FIVE: On the Need for the Bicycle © Routledge 2013.
Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies Chapter 2 Using Social Theories: How Can They Help Us Study Sports in Society?
RECONSIDERING THE BICYCLE: An Anthropological Perspective on a New (Old) Thing CHAPTER THREE: Constructing Urban Bicycle Cultures: Perspectives on Three.
1 Commodity Chains and Marketing Strategies: Nike and the Global Athletic Footwear Industry Miguel Korzeniewicz, Ch. 18, pp (Excerpted from Korzeniewicz,
LOCAL SYSTEM OF INNOVATION CENTERED ON AUDIOVISUAL PRODUCTION Marcelo Matos Fluminense Federal University and RedeSist - IE/UFRJ.
RECONSIDERING THE BICYCLE: An Anthropological Perspective on a New (Old) Thing CHAPTER ONE: Anthropology, Bicycles, and Urban Mobility © Routledge 2013.
Identity and Difference Chapter 7 Lecture/Recap. Pre-industrialization: identity = fixed; doesn’t vary much over time Contemporary ideas of identity:
Concept Map for History Fair. Essential Questions for Every History Fair Project Who, What, When, Where? (topic, time, place) My project will argue… …how.
Modernization Modernization represents the effort to transcend traditional ways of organizing social life that are perceived as obstacles of progress.
APUSH Themes Identity Work, exchange, and technology Peopling Politics and power America in the world Environment and geography – physical and human Ideas,
CHAPTER 13 Government and Public Policy 1. Public Policy in the Political Process 2 Conflict Over the Ends of Government Public policy is “whatever.
Chapter 8- Economics Questions What is economizing behavior and how does this concept relate to anthropology? How are critical resources such as land allocated.
Geography Matters. Geography Literacy Lack of Systematic Knowledge of Place beyond tourism The influence of Place on Trends.
Economic Gardening The Role of Competitive Market Intelligence Michael W. Trahan 25 September 2011.
Strategic Management Environmental Analysis Prof.Dr. E.Vatchkova.
3- 1 The Nature of Business Power In past eras, dominant companies in ascending industries changed societies by altering all three of their primary elements:
Intercultural Communication: The Basics Session 1: Opening the Conversation Communication 440/690 Panama 2014.
Regulatory Administrative Institutions MPA 517 Lecture-2 1.
Chapter 8 Economics. Chapter Questions What is economizing behavior and how does this concept relate to anthropology? How are critical resources such.
1 Some Challenges to Policy Formulation Regarding Migrant Integration Seminar on Migrant Integration in Receiving Countries San Jose, June, 2005.
Advantage and Disadvantage and the Life Course Gero 302 Jan 2012.
Discourse in social change Ideology is the prime means of manufacturing consent (Fairclough 2001)
7 th European Feminist Research Conference Utrecht, 4-7 June 2009 GEMIC: A project on Gender, Migration and Intercultural Interactions in the Mediterranean.
© 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc. Chapter 1 The Sociological Perspective.
IT Strategy for Business © Oxford University Press 2008 All rights reserved Chapter 3 E-Strategy.
Sociology: Chapter 1 Section 1 Obj: Describe what sociology is and explain what it means to have a sociological imagination; Explain how sociology is similar.
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
SOCIOLOGY Chapter 1: The Sociological Point of View Section 1: Examining Social Life.
Presentation of BIG Themes - History Randy William Widdis University of Regina.
©2004 by South-Western/Thomson Learning 1 The External Environment: Opportunities, Threats, Industry Competition, and Competitor Analysis Robert E. Hoskisson.
Chapter 13 The Media and Global Economics. WHAT IS CULTURAL IMPERIALISM? the spread of US media and popular culture globally US styles and products.
MA “International Relations, Global Economy and Strategic Analysis” COURSE OUTLINE.
(c) 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies Chapter 3 Looking at the Past: Does It Help Us.
Lecture 1 Introduction- Manifestations of Transport and Tourism.
ASPECTS OF GLOBALIZATION Buca, Niña Paulene Beronio, Glory Salma.
Competing For Advantage Part II – Strategic Analysis Chapter 3 – The External Environment: Opportunities, Threats, Industry Competition, and Competitor.
Chapter 2, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada 2-20 The Environment.
Chapter 1: WHAT IS TRADE? Fundamentals of International Business Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc
Needs and expectations for the European energy system – A citizens perspective Marianne Ryghaug Professor/Deputy Director.
Global Connections: Industry. Objectives Identify the different types of industry sectors. Explore the spatial relationships of trade. Consider location.
Cynthia Enloe Power infuses all international relationships. Paying serious attention to gender politics and women changes in a fundamental way how the.
Critical Discourse Analysis. Critical discourse analysis (often abbrieviated to CDA) provides theories and methods for the empirical study of the relations.
What is sociology? The systematic study of human society The systematic study of human society (Macionis 2008:2) (Macionis 2008:2) The study of social.
©2003 Southwestern Publishing Company 1 The External Environment: Opportunities, Threats, and Industry Competition, and Competitor Analysis Michael A.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.