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1 Name____________________ Date____________________

2 Habits of a Proficient Reader HabitWhat Readers DoSentence Starters Making Predictions Before reading, I need to think about what the passage may be about. Then as I am reading, I need to check to see if my predictions were correct and continue making predictions as I continue to read. I think this will be about _____ because... I think _____ is going to happen next because… Making Connections Text to Text Text to World Text to Self I need to think about what I already know and how it is connected to what I am reading. “This reminds me of….” Connect to another TEXT Connect to the WORLD Connect to your SELF Questioning the Author & the text I need to ask myself questions about this text. “I wonder why…..” “Why did the character say this?” “Why did the author include this?” Creating Images I need to make pictures in my mind of characters, conflicts, and settings “When I read this line, I see _______ in my mind. This scene is so vivid that I smell the ____________.

3 HabitWhat Readers Do Sentence Starters Inferring I need to notice meaning that may not be clearly stated in the text. “Even though it doesn’t say it in the text. I (know, think, believe) that because…..” Monitoring for Meaning I need to understand that reading must make sense. I need to do something when reading doesn’t make sense. “I am confused by….” “When I am confused, I can…..” Determining Importance I need to recognize what is important and what is not important when I read. “I know this is important because…..” Synthesizing I need to think about how all of the ideas fit together so I can understand the text. “I know this is a big idea because…..” What are the important points of the story? Habits of a Proficient Reader

4 Grandmother Grace by Ronald Wallace I didn't give her a goodbye kiss as I went off in the bus for the last time, away from her House in Williamsburg, Iowa, away from her empty house with Jesus on all of the walls, with clawfoot tub and sink, with the angular rooms that trapped my summers. I remember going there every summer— every day beginning with that lavender kiss, that face sprayed and powdered at the upstairs sink then mornings of fragile teacups and old times, afternoons of spit-moistened hankies and Jesus, keeping me clean in Williamsburg, Iowa.

5 Cast off, abandoned, in Williamsburg, Iowa, I sat in that angular house with summer dragging me onward, hearing how Jesus loved Judas despite his last kiss, how he turned his other cheek time after time, how God wouldn't let the good person sink. Months later, at Christmas, my heart would sink when that flowery letter from Williamsburg, Iowa arrived, insistent, always on time, stiff and perfumed as summer. She always sealed it with a kiss, a taped-over dime, and the words of Jesus. I could have done without the words of Jesus; the dime was there to make the message sink in, I thought; and the violet kiss, quavering and frail, all the way from Williamsburg, Iowa, sealed some agreement we had for the next summer as certain and relentless as time.

6 I didn't know this would be the last time. If I had, I might have even prayed to Jesus to let me see her once again next summer. But how could I know she would sink, her feet fat boats of cancer, in Williamsburg, Iowa, alone, forsaken, without my last kiss? I was ten, Jesus, and the idea of a kiss at that time made my young stomach sink. Let it be summer. Let it be Williamsburg, Iowa. ___________________________________________________________________ ____ Angular (adjective)-- measured by or shaped in the form of an angle. Fragile (adjective)—something that is easily broken, shattered, or damaged Abandoned (verb)—to leave without intending to return; to fail someone at a time of need Insistent (adjective)—requiring attention or notice Quavering (adjective)—to shake or tremble Frail (adjective)—weak and of poor quality or health Forsaken (adjective)—to give up on or leave and abandon

7 Proficient Readers Make Predictions “ Grandmother Grace” I didn't give her a goodbye kiss as I went off in the bus for the last time, away from her House in Williamsburg, Iowa, away from her empty house with Jesus on all of the walls, with clawfoot tub and sink, with the angular rooms that trapped my summers. 1. I think this poem is about someone’s grandmother because the title is called “Grandmother Grace.” 2. The writer said that he went off for the last time without giving her a goodbye kiss. Since this is the last time, I think that something sad is going to happen. 3. I think this must be the home of an older person because the lines about Jesus being on all the walls and having a clawfoot tub sounds like a old fashioned room and furnishings. 4. These lines make me think the author and the grandmother will not see eye to eye on things, and this something that the author wants the reader to know.

8 I remember going there every summer— every day beginning with that lavender kiss, that face sprayed and powdered at the upstairs sink then mornings of fragile teacups and old times, afternoons of spit-moistened hankies and Jesus, keeping me clean in Williamsburg, Iowa.

9 Proficient Readers Make Connections Text Connections—to show a relationship between two or more pieces of text  Text to Self- a connection between the text and something in your own life ◦ What does this story remind you of? ◦ Can you relate to the characters in the story? ◦ Does anything in this story remind you of anything in your own life?  Text to Text—a connection between the text and something else that you have read before ◦ What does this remind you of in another book you have read? ◦ How is this text similar to other things you have read? ◦ How is this text different from other things you have read?  Text to World—a connection between the text and something that is happening or has happened in the world ◦ What does this remind you of in the real world? ◦ How are events in this story similar to things that happen in the real world? ◦ How are events in this story different from things that happen in the real world?

10 I remember going there every summer— every day beginning with that lavender kiss, that face sprayed and powdered at the upstairs sink then mornings of fragile teacups and old times, afternoons of spit- moistened hankies and Jesus, keeping me clean in Williamsburg, Iowa. Ms. Buggs’ T to S connection---This reminds me of my Aunt Mary. She was my grandmother’s oldest sister. I have a picture of her dressed in her best outfit, earrings, and a pearl necklace. What I remember most is how white her face looked because she patted her face with face powder. Everything time I hear about face powder, I think of Aunt Mary and a lot of little old ladies. Ms. Buggs’ T to T connection-- This reminds of the book A Long Way From Chicago, by Richard Peck. Each summer, this brother and sister were sent to visit their grandmother. They were city children, but every summer, they left the city behind to spend time in a house with no air conditioner, indoor toilet, or any modern luxury.

11 I remember going there every summer— every day beginning with that lavender kiss, that face sprayed and powdered at the upstairs sink then mornings of fragile teacups and old times, afternoons of spit- moistened hankies and Jesus, keeping me clean in Williamsburg, Iowa. Ms. Buggs’ T to W connection—There have always standards of beauty that women tried to or were expected to uphold. This line reminds me of some of the standards of beauty that women around the world currently practice or have practiced throughout history.  In some cultures, bindis and hennas are adorned for their beauty.  In early China, the feet of young girls from wealthy families were bound so that they would not grow much. It was considered very feminine to have small feet and people would know that you were from a wealthy family.  In the Padaung tribe in Southeast Asia, women wear special neck rings to lower the collar bone and shoulders to make the neck look longer. It is considered very graceful and feminine.  The Mursi, Chai and Tirma of Africa still wear large pottery or wooden discs or ‘plates’ in their lower lips.  During the 1800s American women wore corsets to make their waist appear small. The line from the poem reminds me that as a society we desire to appear attractive regardless of what that standard of beauty might be.

12 Proficient Readers Make Connections Cast off, abandoned, in Williamsburg, Iowa, I sat in that angular house with summer dragging me onward, hearing how Jesus loved Judas despite his last kiss, how he turned his other cheek time after time, how God wouldn't let the good person sink Months later, at Christmas, my heart would sink when that flowery letter from Williamsburg, Iowa arrived, insistent, always on time, stiff and perfumed as summer. She always sealed it with a kiss, a taped-over dime, and the words of Jesus

13 Proficient Readers Question the Author and the Text Cast off, abandoned, in Williamsburg, Iowa, I sat in that angular house with summer dragging me onward, hearing how Jesus loved Judas despite his last kiss, how he turned his other cheek time after time, how God wouldn't let the good person sink. Months later, at Christmas, my heart would sink when that flowery letter from Williamsburg, Iowa arrived, insistent, always on time, stiff and perfumed as summer. She always sealed it with a kiss, a taped-over dime, and the words of Jesus. 1. I wonder why he felt abandoned? 2. Who is Judas? 3.I wonder why the author keeps making references to religion? Is this important? 4. Why does the poet use such harsh words as cast off, abandoned, and dragging me?

14 Proficient Reading Create Mental Images When They Read Months later, at Christmas, my heart would sink when that flowery letter from Williamsburg, Iowa arrived, insistent, always on time, stiff and perfumed as summer. She always sealed it with a kiss, a taped-over dime, and the words of Jesus. I could have done without the words of Jesus; the dime was there to make the message sink in, I thought; and the violet kiss, quavering and frail, all the way from Williamsburg, Iowa, sealed some agreement we had for the next summer as certain and relentless as time. “When I read this line, I see a boy, probably around 5 th or 6 th grade, frowning as his mom shows him the letter. With his head down, he mumbles mean things like: “I wish she would leave me alone.” “I’m tired of going to that boring us house.” “Why do I have to go there every year?” This scene is so vivid and clear that I smell the rose petals and lavenders petals that she loves. The scent is so much a part of her, it even rubs off on her hands. I can also imagine this little, sweet gray-haired lady, sitting at her writing desk. She dressed and wearing her makeup. I can see her placing the letter inside of the envelope and taping a dime over the flap. She’s smiling because in her mind she’s sending something valuable, the words of Jesus. Also, back in the day, a dime could go a long way. She probably doesn’t realize that kids don’t feel like a dime is a lot of money nowadays. I think the author wants us to understand just how kind and innocent that the grandmother really is, living in the past.


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