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18.2 The French Revolution Unfolds. Quick Write  Think of a time when you wanted to make a decision with lots of people.  How did it go?  Who was the.

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Presentation on theme: "18.2 The French Revolution Unfolds. Quick Write  Think of a time when you wanted to make a decision with lots of people.  How did it go?  Who was the."— Presentation transcript:

1 18.2 The French Revolution Unfolds

2 Quick Write  Think of a time when you wanted to make a decision with lots of people.  How did it go?  Who was the most vocal?  What ended up happening?

3 Introduction  Historians put the French Revolution in four different phases:  The Moderate Phase, : France turns into a constitutional monarchy.  The Radical Phase, : Violence, end of the monarchy, the Reign of Terror.  The Directory, : Reaction against extremism.  The Age of Napoleon, : Consolidation of the revolutionary changes.

4 Political Crisis Leads to Revolt  What coincided with the political unrest that made people call for change even more?  A famine, created more poor and unemployed. People spent 80% of their income on bread.  What issues became known as “The Great Fear?”  Rumors of attacks on villages and gov. troops seizing crops from peasants. Rural areas.  How did peasants respond to the fear and rumors?  Set fire to nobles (Second Estate) records and stole grain.

5 Political Crisis Leads to Revolt  Where was the heart of the French Revolution?  Paris, because it was the capital.  What are factions?  Dissenting groups of people, here trying to gain power.  Who was Marquis de Lafayette?  Leader of the moderates. Fought with G. Washington.  Headed the Nation Guard-first group to use the tricolor.  What was the Paris Commune?  A radical group that replaced the royalist gov.  Could mobilize whole neighborhoods for protests and violent actions.  Like many groups demanded an end to the monarchy.

6 The National Assembly Acts  What privileges did the national assembly give up?  On August 4 th, manorial dues, exclusive hunting rights, special legal status, and exemption from taxes.  What enlightenment goal did the National Assembly bring into reality on August 4 th ?  The equality of all male citizens in the eyes of the law.  What was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen?  Modeled on the D.O.I  Declared that all men were born with and are equal in their rights.  All men had the right to liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.  Gov. exists to protect the rights of the citizens.

7 The National Assembly Acts  What other rights did the D.O.T.R.M proclaim men had?  Every Frenchman could hold office, Freedom of religion, Taxes levied according to the ability to pay.  Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.  How about women?  They did not get equal rights or citizenship.  Olympe de Gouges, female journalist. Demanded equal rights for women. Rejected.  Later, women met with more resistance for equality. Many jailed and executed including Gouges.  How did King Louis XVI react?  Did not want to accept reforms.  Nobles continued to enjoy banquets. People starving. Anger

8 The National Assembly Acts  Why did women march from Paris to Versailles (10 miles)?  They demanded bread and to see the king.  Why were they angry at Marie Antoinette?  She led a rich lifestyle while the people suffered in poverty.  What did the women demand and what happened?  They demanded the king return to Paris.  King Louis XVI agreed and the women marched him and his family back to Paris.

9 The National Assembly Presses Onward  What changed when the state took over the French Catholic Church?  Bishops and priests elected. Salaried.  Church land sold off.  Papal authority ended.  Convents and monasteries dissolved.  How did people react?  The pope condemned it. Bishops and priests refused to accept it.  Peasants rejected it.  Huge divide between urban revolutionaries and rural revolutionaries.

10 The National Assembly Presses Onward  What type of gov. did the new constitution set up in France?  Limited monarchy.  Legislative Assembly created to make laws, collect taxes, decide on issues of war and peace. Elected officials males over 25.  Old courts abolished. More efficient.  Why wasn’t the new Constitution the end of the revolution?  It made big changes but the people in government still didn’t truly represent the people.

11 The National Assembly Presses Onward  How did King Louis XIV react to the reform?  Humiliated. Lost his power.  M. Antoinette and others told him to flee.  Tried to escape in disguise.  Was caught and branded a traitor to the revolution.

12 Radicals Take Over  Why did other rulers increase their border patrols?  Other monarchs wanted to stop the “French Plague,” revolution.  How did word of the revolution spread?  Emigres (nobles, clergy) who escaped told tales of terror and mayhem.  Many people predicted that the revolution would turn much more violent.  How did Marie Antoinette's family react?  Her brother, king of Prussia, threatened war.  The threat led the French revolutionaries to prepare for war.

13 Radicals Take Over  What led to the Assignat (F.R. currency) to drop in value?  Other countries not wanting to trade with France and the revolutionaries.  This lead to high prices and more turmoil.  Who were the sans-culottes?  Working class men and women. They demanded a full- fledged republic.  Who were the Jacobins?  A revolutionary political club. Middle-class lawyers, intellectuals.  Wanted more radical reform, supported the sans- culottes.

14 Conclusion  By 1792 the radicals had control of the Legislative Assembly.  European Monarchs scared for their power condemned France’s revolutionaries.  The new radical Legislative Assembly voted and declared war on other states. Austria, Prussia, Britain.  Fighting lasted from 1792 to 1815.


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