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India Synthesis Paper Comments Prabhu Pingali. Brief Policy History 1950 – 1985Dominance of Import Substitution Policies. (agriculture and non agriculture.

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Presentation on theme: "India Synthesis Paper Comments Prabhu Pingali. Brief Policy History 1950 – 1985Dominance of Import Substitution Policies. (agriculture and non agriculture."— Presentation transcript:

1 India Synthesis Paper Comments Prabhu Pingali

2 Brief Policy History 1950 – 1985Dominance of Import Substitution Policies. (agriculture and non agriculture sectors) 1985 – 2000Gradual liberalization of the industrial sector 2000 onwardsAggressive liberalization of the industrial sector & initial attempts at opening up the agriculture sector.

3 Food Self Sufficiency Strategy 1950sMassive food deficits. 1968Initiation of the Green Revolution Strategy for rice and wheat India achieves food self sufficiency Build up of surplus stocks onward India becomes a net food exporter.

4 GR Strategy Poverty / Food Security Issues Rapid decline in food prices- esp. for the urban poor. Differential impact of the GR on irrigated & rain fed environments. Agriculture’s ability to act as an engine of growth was hampered by low overall growth levels. Therefore, low non-agricultural opportunities for absorbing labor from marginal environments – persistence of poverty. Disenfranchised people lost the most.

5 GR Strategy The Environment What would have happened if the GR did not take place. Impact of intensification & emphasis on R-W on the irrigated environment. Spillovers/ externalities on the rain fed environment. GR policies & incentive problems. Poor macro policies & their impact on marginal lands.

6 Looking Ahead Policy Reform High & sustained growth in the non- agricultural sector Urbanization Global integration.


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