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OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 1 Current and Future Capabilities LTC Neal O’Brien Ohio National Guard Chief, Interagency.

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Presentation on theme: "OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 1 Current and Future Capabilities LTC Neal O’Brien Ohio National Guard Chief, Interagency."— Presentation transcript:

1 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 1 Current and Future Capabilities LTC Neal O’Brien Ohio National Guard Chief, Interagency Operations (J32) Mr. Keven Clouse Ohio Emergency Management Agency Field Liaison District 7

2 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 2 The Adjutant General/ CDR Joint Force HQ J-3/5/7 Plans and Operations J-2 Intelligence J-4 Logistics J-1 Personnel J-6 Information Systems J-8 Comptroller Personal StaffSpecial Staff Chief of Staff ATAG-Army ATAG-Air USCG USN USAFR USMC USAR 37 th Bde Combat Team 73 d Joint Task Force 16 th Engineer Bde 121 st Air Refueling Wing 178 th Fighter Wing 179 th Air Wing 180 th Fighter Wing Joint Force Headquarters Columbus, Ohio Governor State of Ohio Standard Organization for the ONG during normal/routine operations. 371 st Sustainment Bde 174 th Air Defense Bde Emergency Preparedness Liaison Planners

3 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 3 1 JTF Essential Capabilities Command and Control JFHQ-Ohio Joint Reception, Staging, Onward Movement and Integration (JRSOI) Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) CBRNE Civil Support Teams CERF-P Maintenance Aviation Engineer Technical Search/Rescue Medical Mass Decon Communications Transportation Security Logistics Ohio National Guard Repository of Capabilities… 5 Engineer Squadrons 5 Transportation Companies 2 Engineer Battalions 6 Communications Squadrons 4 Mission Support Groups 2 Signal Companies 5 Military Police Companies 4 Medical Groups 3 Medical Companies 1 Aviation Wing (KC-135) 1 Aviation Battalion (UH-60) (CH-47) 4 Security Police Squadrons 1 Aviation Wing (C-130) 6 Combat Arms Battalions JFHQ

4 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 4 OPCON (WHEN EMPLOYED) ASSIGNED 73d TROOP COMMAND – STANDING JOINT TASK FORCE HQs (SJTF) TOTAL STRENGTH WHEN EMPLOYED 1324

5 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 5 Joint Force Headquarters – Ohio –Provides command and control (24/7 JOC) of all National Guard forces in the state or territory for the Governor; can act as a joint service headquarters for national-level response operations Joint Task Force 73 (formerly 73d Troop Command) –Provides command and control of all state military assets deployed in support of civil authorities or a specific incident and facilitates the flow of information between Joint Force Headquarters – State and the deployed units National Guard Reaction Force (NGRF) (437 th MP Bn) –Provides force protection and security for WMD-CST and CBRNE Teams National Guard Civil Support Team (CST) (full time, specialized unit) –Assesses suspected WMD attacks, advises civilian responders on appropriate actions through on-site testing and expert consultation, and facilitates the arrival of additional state and federal military forces Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, High-Yield Explosive (CBRNE) Enhanced Response Force Package (CERFP) (155 th CHEM Bn) –Responds to a CBRNE incident and supports local, state, and federal agencies managing the consequences of the event by providing capabilities to conduct casualty/patient decontamination, medical support, and casualty search and extraction

6 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 6 JTF MISSION STATEMENT At the direction of appropriate authority, the Ohio National Guard (ONG) provides a Rapid Response Force Package JTF within 24 hours capable of providing C3I across the full-spectrum of Homeland Security (HLS) and Homeland Defense (HLD) contingencies for CST, NGRF, CERFP and other essential assets and units; on order, the JTF is capable of providing key DSCA training as well as exercise planning and support to Federal and State authorities and agencies.

7 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 7  Prior to Notification - ONG liaisons deploy  Prior to Notification - Equipment and personnel pre-positioned (10% call-up)  Notification from OEMA to ONG – proclamation for SAD from Governor  60 to 90 minutes (CBRNE/HAZMAT Event) CST Advance Party prepared to deploy  2 to 3 hours (CBRNE/HAZMAT Event) CST Main Body prepared to deploy  2 to 4 hours JTF 73 Early Entry Team prepared to deploy  3 to 5 hours Additional Liaison Officers deploy and arrive  4 to 6 hours Quick Reaction Force prepared to deploy (125 soldiers)  4 to 6 hours JTF73 Main Body prepared to deploy  4 to 6 hours Assessment Teams prepared to deploy  6 to 8 hours (CBRNE/HAZMAT Event) CERFP prepared to deploy  6 to 9 hours NGRF prepared to deploy (375 soldiers)  8 to 12 hours Units are prepared to deploy (depending on unit size and location) EVENT RAPID RESPONSE - NOTICE

8 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 8  Notification from OEMA to ONG – proclamation for SAD from Governor  90 minutes (CBRNE/HAZMAT Event) CST Advance Party deploys  1-3 hours ONG Liaisons deploy  3-6 hours (CBRNE/HAZMAT Event) CST Main Body deploys  6-8 hours Quick Reaction Force deploys and arrives (125 soldiers)  6-8 hours Additional Liaison Officers deploy and arrive  6-8 hours Assessment Teams deploy and arrive  6-12 hours Portions of units and select individuals deploy and arrive  6-8 hours JTF 73 Early Entry Team deploys and arrive  8-12 hours (CBRNE/HAZMAT Event) CERFP deploys and arrives  hours NGRF deploys and arrives (375 soldiers)  hours JTF73 Main Body deploys and arrives  hours Units deploy and arrive EVENT RAPID RESPONSE – NO NOTICE

9 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 9 Homeland Response Force (Ohio) TIME CERFP NGRF CST performs initial assessment Calls for additional assets NGRF provides security force NGRF CERFP provides extraction, medical treatment and decontamination HRF provides command & control Civil Support Team (CST) Civil Support Team (CST) Civil Support Team (CST) CERFP HRF COMMAND AND CONTROL AT MISSION SITE 1700 PAX 66 CST Personnel 600 CBRNE Personnel 1,000 Security Personnel Still requires support base

10 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 10 REGIONAL AND NATIONAL REACH

11 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 11 TALON SHIELD Flexible multi-echelon scenario based on EF4 Tornado near Newton Falls: Corresponds to Natural Disaster model found in 10 Homeland Defense and Homeland Security Scenarios - JTF 73 alerts, assembles, deploys Creates unknown CBRNE hazards (First Responders, CST, CERFP) Creates significant rubble and debris - search and extraction (First Responders, CERFP) Impacts petroleum, chemical, and industrial facilities - CBRNE surveillance, monitoring, modeling, and decontamination (First Responders, CST, CERFP) Initiates mass evacuations - Military Assistance to Local Enforcement Agencies (MACLEA) (NGRF/QRF) x JTF 73 CSTQRFCERFP CSTCERFP

12 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 12 Guard Interaction with OEMA and County EMAs

13 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 13 Guard Emergency Liaisons GELO

14 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 14 Guard Emergency Liaison Officers (GELO) (JFHQ Team from the J-3 DO) –Provides liaison with OEMA’s eight Field Liaison District Representatives (both prior to and during emergency operations) – is the Ohio National Guard’s “first responder” to the Field Liaison District and the affected county. The GELO provides guidance and coordination to the individual County LNOs and is responsible for identifying and managing training and exercise opportunities at the field district and county level for the Ohio National Guard. The GELO is required to complete NIMS 100/200/300/400/700/800 as well as the Introduction to Emergency Management program through OEMA County LNO –One primary and one alternate for each of Ohio’s 88 counties. The County LNO is the primary liaison to the County EMA prior to and during emergency operations. The County LNO also provides the GELO with the ability to expand or augment his/her staff as required. The County LNO is required to complete NIMS 100/200/700/800 Assessment Team(s) –A specialized team or individual that provides a specific skill or expertise relevant to the exercise or actual emergency. Assessment Teams are designed to augment the GELO, County LNO or commander of deployed ONG forces in gauging the scope of the emergency, determining adequate resources for the emergency and providing solution to the emergency – Assessment Teams will generally support either an ESF or an Essential Capability

15 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 15 Note: Number within circle identifies EMA Field Liaison Districts 1 – 180 th Fighter Wing 2 – 179 th Air Wing 3 – 37 th Brigade Combat Team 4 – 178 th Fighter Wing 5 – 121 st Air Refueling Wing 6 – 371 st Sustainment Brigade 7 – 16 th Engineer Brigade 8 – 174 th Air Defense Brigade 8 Regions, Consisting of 11 Counties Each

16 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 16 OHIO EMA GOVERNOR Local Request for Support Through Ohio EMA Joint Force Headquarters THE ADJUTANT GENERAL Task Force Commander EMAC EVENT GELO COUNTY LNO ASSESSMENT TEAM Joint Staff Joint Operations Center Director Of Operations J-3 County EMA SAD FLOW CHART 1 Incident occurs 2 Local response is overwhelmed 3 OEMA requests assistance – Governor’s Proclamation 4 Response coordination and unit selection 5 LNOs deploy 6 Units respond – alert/deploy 7 Response phase ends 8 Mitigation phase begins 9 Units are released/redeploy 10 LNOs redeploy

17 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 17 SAD MISSION “By order of the Governor and at the direction of the TAG the ONG supports civil authorities to execute the laws of the state; suppress insurrection; repel invasion; act in the event of disaster; promote the health, safety and welfare of the citizens of Ohio.” CONPLAN OHIO Base Order – excerpt from ORC STATE ACTIVE DUTY (SAD)

18 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 18 SAD PROCESS The Ohio Emergency Management Agency (OEMA) determines what situation(s)/emergencie(s) warrant an official declaration from the Governor (usually beginning with requests from county EMA officials) The determination to mobilize the ONG is typically done when all other resources and options are exhausted; or the ONG provides a unique capability not readily available An official Governor’s Proclamation is required to mobilize the ONG for SAD (can be VOCO (verbal) in lieu of a written document)

19 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 19 SAD PROCESS OEMA requests ONG support through TAG or his designated representative (Joint Force Headquarters Chief of Staff, J-3 Director of Plans and Operations) Once notified, the ONG alerts primary and special staff members and immediately establishes a Crisis Action Team (CAT) to direct the ONG response under TAG guidance Powerhouse 8 LNOs are alerted by the JOC and sent to support local officials (usually at the county EMA level)

20 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 20 SAD PROCESS TAG designates a Joint Task Force (typically JTF 73), or possibly multiple task forces, depending on the scope of the event or emergency – units are alerted County LNOs are alerted by the JOC and sent to support local officials at the determination of the Powerhouse 8 The availability of special “Assessment Teams” can augment LNOs in specific areas (Engineering, Security, Logistics, Communications, ect) as required and/or requested

21 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 21 SAD PROCESS Units are mobilized in a specific status (SAD, T32, or even T10); most state emergencies are under SAD SAD can evolve into Title 32 or a Title 10 depending on the severity of the event or emergency – there are some differences… –SAD: ONG remains under Governor and TAG control with State funding –Title 32: ONG remains under Governor and TAG control with Federal funding –Title 10: ONG will likely be under Presidential control with Federal funding

22 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 22 REQUIREMENTS ESFCommonState OPRJFHQ OPR ESF#1TransportationOhio Dept. of Transportation (ODOT)J-4 ESF#2CommunicationsOhio Dept. of Public Safety (DPS) and OEMAJ-6 ESF#3EngineeringOhio Dept. of Natural Resources (ODNR)J-3 ESF#4FirefightingOhio Dept. of Natural Resources (ODNR) / State Fire Marshall J-3 ESF#5Emergency ManagementOhio Emergency Management Agency (OEMA)J-3 ESF#6Mass CareOhio Community Service CouncilDIMR ESF#7Resource SupportOhio Dept. of Administrative Services (DAS)J-4 ESF#8MedicalOhio Dept. of Health (ODH)J-1/Surgeon ESF#9Urban Search/RescueOhio Emergency Management Agency (OEMA)J-3/JTF ESF#10HAZMATOhio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)J-3/JTF ESF#11AgricultureOhio Dept. of Agriculture (ODA)J-3 ESF#12EnergyPublic Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO)J-3 ESF#13Law EnforcementOhio State Highway Patrol (OSHP)J-2/Provost ESF#14Long-term RecoveryOhio Emergency Management Agency (OEMA)J-3 ESF#15External AffairsOhio Emergency Management Agency (OEMA)PAO Essential Support Functions (ESF)

23 OHIO NATIONAL GUARD “WHEN CALLED, WE RESPOND WITH READY UNITS” 23 Questions?


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