Presentation on theme: "Heritage Badge. Objectives To promote awareness of our National Heritage among students. To know the role of National Heritage Board in Singapore’s history,"— Presentation transcript:
Objectives To promote awareness of our National Heritage among students. To know the role of National Heritage Board in Singapore’s history, culture and heritage. To help students prepare for their Heritage Project
Components of the Heritage Badge 1.Lessons on Singapore’s Heritage 2.Proficiency (Theory) Test 3.Learning Journey to selected heritage site(s) 4.Project of the chosen heritage site a.Brochure b.Video c.Game Set / Board Game d.Organising Heritage Trail for peers / primary school students e.Research Work f.Volunteer at Singapore Heritage Festival
Assessment Criteria Proficiency (Theory) Test – 30% -Tested from the introductory lesson Project – 70% -Content 30 marks -Presentation 10 marks -Organisation 10 marks -Relevance 20 marks Total : 100 marks
Part 1 Information on National Heritage Board
The forming of the National Heritage Board (NHB) Formed on 1 st August 1993 Aims Foster nationhood Promote identity building Champion the development of cultural & heritage of Singapore Their Vision (what do they wish for) To make heritage an enriching part of everyone's life
Part 2 Members of the NHB Family
National Museum of Singapore Located at Fort Canning Road Opened in 1887 by Sir Frederick Weld, Governor of Straits Settlements. Formerly known as Raffles Library and Museum. Well known for natural history of Southeast Asia & ethnology and archeology collections. Renamed as National Museum in 1965, separated from the Library. Latest renovations completed and reopened in 2006.
Asian Civilisation Museum (ACM) Opened on 21 April Located at Armenian Street Its displays focus on Peranakan culture Armenian Street premises was then closed in 2005 The premises was renovated and became Peranakan Museum ACM then moved to Empress Place building Opened on 2 March 2003 Presents history & culture of Singapore’s ancestral culture. Also presents history of Asian culture of about 5000 years Empress Place Building Used as a court house in Used as government office in the 1980s
Singapore Art Museum (SAM) Located at Bras Brasah Road Opened in January To preserve and present the contemporary art and art histories of Singapore and Southeast Asia. Former school building – St Joseph’s Institution for 135 years
Peranakan Museum Located at Armenian Street A former school building – Tao Nan School Part of the Asian Civilisation Museum (ACM) Houses the world's finest and most comprehensive collection of Peranakan artefacts
Singapore Philatelic Museum Located at Coleman Street. A former school building – Anglo-Chinese School. Collection of stamps and archival philatelic material of Singapore from the 1830s to present day. Collection of stamps from member countries of the Universal Postal Union. For people who are interested in the study of stamps (known as Philately)
Reflections at Bukit Chandu Housed near a former battle site, Battle of Pasir Panjang 1,400 brave soldiers from the Malay Regiment heroically defended the last stand against a 13,000-strong Japanese army. To reflect Singapore’s heritage of heroism during World War 2 (1942 to 1945). Allow Singaporeans and visitors to experience how far Singapore has come to become a nation.
Part 3 Our National Monuments
Preservation of Monuments Board (PMB) It is a national authority safeguarding Singapore's national monuments. To preserve and protect of National Monuments. The Preservation of Monuments Act, a government law came into effect to ensure that our monuments are well preserved and protected. Currently there are 64 National Monuments that are protected under this law. They are categorised into: Places of Worship Government Buildings / Civic Buildings Schools Commercial Buildings
Examples of our National Monuments Places of Worship St Andrew’s Cathedral Civic Building Raffles Hotel Government Building Former Supreme Court Schools Former St Joseph’s Institution More monuments are found in
Part 4 Our National Symbols
National Flag / State Flag Former Deputy Prime Minister, Dr Toh Chin Chye was placed in charge of a committee to create a new flag To replace the British flag Endorsed by Legislative Assembly on 18 November 1959 together with the State Crest and National Anthem.
The Flag – what does it mean? consists of two equal horizontal sections, red above white. Red - universal brotherhood and equality of man White - pervading and everlasting purity and virtue. A white crescent moon occupies the upper left red section. Next to the moon are five white stars arranged in a circle. Crescent Moon - a young nation on the ascendant Five Stars - depict Singapore's ideals Democracy, Peace, Progress, Justice and Equality.
National Coat of Arms serves as a symbol of Singapore’s status as a self-governing and independent state Idea also came from Dr Toh Chin Chye Together with the State Flag and National Anthem
National Coat of Arms It formed by a shield emblazoned with a white crescent moon and five white stars against a red background. Same symbolic meanings as our National Flag Supporting the shield are a lion on the left and a tiger on the right. A banner below the shield is inscribed with the Republic of Singapore's motto, 'Majulah Singapura' (meaning 'Onward Singapore' in Malay). The lion embodies Singapore itself while the tiger represents Singapore's historical ties with Malaysia.
The Lion Head Symbol Introduced in 1986 Commonly used by individuals, companies, and organisations to promote a sense of national identity (to be loyal to Singapore) Less formal than the State Flag and State Crest Lion Head symbolises courage, strength and excellence It is in solid red against white background The mane has five partings that represent the same five ideals embodied in the five stars of the National Flag The lion’s tenacious mien symbolises the nation’s single- minded resolve to face and overcome any challenges
Our National Anthem “Majulah Singapura” Onward Singapore Composed in 1958 by the Encik Zubir Said Supposed to be an official song for the City Council to commemorate the newly renovated Victoria Theatre. It was then performed again on 3 December 1959 as Singapore's National Anthem. Current version of the National Anthem was changed in 2001 Changing the musical key to make it sound “grander and more inspiring”
Our National Pledge It was an idea to encourage national consciousness and patriotism towards Singapore Drafts were written to Mr S. Rajaratnam, former Minister for Foreign Affairs. Changes were made before presenting to the former Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew to be presented to the cabinet. August 1966 onwards, students began reciting the National Pledge before the start of each school day. Current practice of reciting the National Pledge (with our right fist clenched at our heart) started since 1988.
Our National Flower Vanda Miss Joaquim First discovered in 1893 in the garden of Miss Agnes Joaquim, the daughter of an Armenian merchant in Singapore It became the National Flower of Singapore in April 1981 To give Singaporeans a sense of national pride and an identity It was selected because because of its hardy and resilient qualities and its ability to bloom throughout the year. reflect Singapore's quest for progress and excellence in all aspects of life
Part 5 Other key events in Singapore’s History
8 Dec 1941Singapore was bombed by the Japanese 15 Feb 1942Singapore surrendered to the Japanese, later known as Syonan-to (Light of the South) August 1945World War II ended. British troops returned to Singapore 11 Dec 1950The Maria Heritogh Riots (Racial Riots bet. Chinese & Malays) May 1955Hock Lee Bus Riots May 1959First General Election, Mr Lee Kuan Yew leading the PAP won
3 Dec 1959Yusoff Bin Ishak became the first Yang Di Pertuan Negara of Singapore 16 Dec 1963Singapore joined Federation of Malaysia 21 July 1964Racial Riots involving Chinese & Malays 9 August 1965Singapore separated from Malaysia and gained Independence 9 August 1966First National Day Parade at City Padang (It was a rainy day) 1967National Service was introduced and made compulsory for all male Singaporeans
Our Country Leaders PresidentsPrime Minister Encik Yusof Bin Ishak Dec 1959 to Jan 1971 Mr Lee Kuan Yew 1959 to 1990 Dr Benjamin Shereas Jan 1971 to May 1981 Mr Goh Chok Tong 1990 to 2004 Mr Devan Nair May 1981 to Sept 1985 Mr Lee Hsien Loong 2004 to present day Dr Wee Kim Wee Sept 1985 to July 1999 Mr Ong Teng Cheong Sept 1993 to August 1999 Mr S. R. Nathan July 1999 to August 2011 Dr Tony Tan August 2011 to present day
Part 6 Engaging Singaporeans through Heritage Trails An effort by National Heritage Board
Heritage Trails in Singapore National Heritage Board (NHB) came up with several trails for Singaporeans To give Singaporeans and people living in the town/areas an awareness of the rich social history and memories NHB also works with schools and organisations to develop the heritage trails to record the history of the town.
The different heritage trails developed so far 1. Civic District Trail I & II 2. Singapore River Trail 3. WWII Trail 4. Jalan Besar Community Heritage Trail 5. Balestier Community Heritage Trail 6. Bukit Timah Community Heritage Trail 7. Queenstown Community Heritage Trail 8. Yishun-Sembawang Community Heritage Trail 9. Ang Mo Kio Community Heritage Trail 10. Kampong Glam Heritage Trail
Developing your own Heritage Trails ( if you are choosing this as your Heritage Badge project) Choose a Theme Let your target audience know what they are going to discover Do a research Do research of the places that you want your audience to discover You have to go on your own trail first! Decide your target group/audience It will be easier to plan for your audience Plan the route, activities and transportation The places/tasks involved along the route How are the participants going to travel round
Acknowledgements / For more information National Heritage Board Singapore Info Webpage Heritage Trails of Singapore