Presentation on theme: "EIFAC Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries"— Presentation transcript:
1EIFAC Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries Phil HickleyEIFAC Chairman
2European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission (EIFAC) EIFAC is a statutory body of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United NationsInter-governmental forum for collaboration and information exchange on inland fisheries and aquaculture among all European countriesOrganizations and agencies for inland fisheries periodically need to seek guidanceEIFAC serves as a networkLinks policy-makers, managers and scientists working on inland fisheries and aquaculture issuesScientific work is undertaken in Working Parties by specialists from member countries
3EIFAC Working Party Publications Recent exampleCoP Recreational FisheriesWorking Party outputWell receivedBeing translated into many local languages
4Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries AIM ofCode of Practice for Recreational FisheriesProvide code of practice that is acceptable to the recreational fisheries sector and society to:Promote sustainable recreational fisheriesRecognise the ecological, social and economic dimensionsMinimise conflicts with other aquatic resource user groupsRespond proactively to fish welfare issues
5Recreational Fisheries (1) Fisheries sector comprises commercial, subsistence and recreational fisheriesCommercial activity has predominated in marine and inland capture fisheriesIn response to societal change, the importance of commercial capture fishing is decreasingRecreation is becoming the more important beneficiary of fish stocks
6Recreational Fisheries (2) In most developed countries recreational fishing is now the principal form of exploitationApproximately a tenth of the population across all countries engages regularly in recreational fishingProvides social, economic and ecological benefit to society and harvests millions of fish on a global scaleIn international policy on the sustainable management of resources, recreational fisheries have been largely overlooked
7Recreational Fisheries (3) Recreational fishing has been described as the ritual pursuit of pleasureTwo principal components –a fishing factor which includes the number and size of fish caughta recreational factor which non‑catch components such as personal satisfactionContributing to satisfaction are senses of freedom, excitement, relaxation, enjoyment of the natural settingRecreational fishing fulfils a valuable role in raising environmental awareness
8DefinitionsFAO (1997) defined recreational fisheries as those in which fishing is conducted by individuals primarily for sport but with a possible secondary objective of capturing fish for domestic consumption but not for onward saleAn improved definition is: Recreational fisheries are those where fishing is conducted during times subjectively defined by the individual as being leisure and for aquatic animals that do not constitute the individual’s primary resource to meet nutritional (physiological) needsThe recreational fisheries sector is the entire network of stakeholders
9Fishing methods Catching fish as a leisure activity Any form of fishing gear can be usedHook and line, gill nets, spears, bow-fishing and various types of trapGlobally, angling with a rod and line is by far the most commonRecreational fishing is often assumed to be synonymous with angling
10StatusEurope - 25 million anglers, representing 6.5% of the EU populationUSA - 30 million anglers, half a billion fishing daysAustralia million anglers, 19.5% of the population
11Economic valueUSA - anglers generate $45 billion ($900 angler-1) in retail sales annually; overall economic impact is $125 billion and over 1 million jobsEurope - annual expenditure by anglers is €25 billion (€1000 angler-1)Australia – annual expenditure on recreational fishing is As$1.8 billion, As$552 fisher-1England and Wales - if angling ceased, £130 million ($250 m) in household income and 5,000 jobs would be lost
12Management (1)The basic fisheries resource needs to be managed to optimise the social and economic benefits from its sustainable exploitationThe resource comprises not just fish stocks but their habitat and all the economic and social features of the fisheries which the stocks supportTwo important human and non-human components: improving the quality of life and enhancing wildlife
13Management (2)An ecosystem approach to recreational fisheries management should be adopted wherever feasibleThe ecosystem approach strives to balance diverse societal objectives, by taking into account the knowledge and uncertainties about biotic, abiotic and human components of ecosystems, and their interactions
14Sector responsibilities (1) promote high quality recreational fishing experiences within the limits set by ecology, economics and societyadopt measures for the long term conservation and sustainable use of recreational fisheries resourcesadopt the ecosystem approach as the guiding philosophy and exercise the precautionary principle
15Sector responsibilities (2) identify all relevant parties having a legitimate interest in the recreational fisheries resource and engage them in the management processbase recreational fisheries management action on pre-defined management objectives, formulated as a recreational fisheries management planconsider all environmental, economic and social values and impacts in the appraisal of management measures
16Issues for the future (1) Participation - necessary to understand types of anglersConflicts between users - Horizontal conflicts between potential users, vertical conflicts between authorities and usersStocking - meeting the needs of environment and fishers can mean conflicting demandsNon-native species - detrimental effects from the stocking of non-native fish for recreationFishery collapse and sustainability - recreational fishing sector also has potential to negatively affect fish and fisheriesUrban fisheries - access and opportunity
17Issues for the future (2) Fish welfare - an important aspect of recreational fisheries participation and management.Public attitudes to angling - public influence is having increasing impacts in different countries and public acceptance of recreational fishing is importantCatch and release - a continuum from mandatory release of protected sizes and species to voluntary catch-and-release of non-protected fishEducation - to help strengthen the sector for the benefit of fish, the environment and those that enjoy recreational fishing.
18Codes of PracticeVoluntary codes of practice existed in some countries and organisationsBehavioural, conservation and fish welfare recommendations appeared in leaflets and guidebooks, produced either by the authorities or angling associationsAustralia introduced a national code of practice as a joint initiative between the authorities and the fourteen national and state fishing associationsPerceived need for more international agreement on good practiceFacilitated by EIFAC a new international Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries was developed
19EIFAC CoP for Recreational Fisheries (1) FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries - Users of living and aquatic resources should conserve aquatic ecosystems and that the right to fish carries with it the obligation to do so in a responsible manner so as to ensure effective conservation and management of the living aquatic resources.EIFAC Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries - to establish best practice principles among nations for responsible management and fishing practices, taking into account all relevant biological, technological, economic, social, cultural and environmental aspects.
20EIFAC CoP for Recreational Fisheries (2) Has to fit alongside national legislation and regional best practice guidelinesDesigned to prescribe the minimum standards for environmentally friendly, ethically appropriate and socially acceptable recreational fishingWorks from assumption that recreational fisheries provide a vital source of recreation, employment, food and social and economic well-being for people throughout the world, both for present and future generations.Acknowledges that recreational fishing and its associated social, cultural, psychological and physiological benefits provide quality of life for its participants
21EIFAC CoP for Recreational Fisheries (3) To continue being viable, recreational fishing must minimize its ecological impacts and harmonize stakeholder interactions whilst delivering maximum benefits to the sector.The EIFAC Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries should facilitate this but it has no formal legal status; it is a voluntary instrument.