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School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Supply of geoscientists to the oil & gas industry from UK HE sector Roger Clark MSc Exploration.

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Presentation on theme: "School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Supply of geoscientists to the oil & gas industry from UK HE sector Roger Clark MSc Exploration."— Presentation transcript:

1 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Supply of geoscientists to the oil & gas industry from UK HE sector Roger Clark MSc Exploration Geophysics Programme Manager With contributions from Phil Murphy Schools & Colleges Liason: Geology & Geophysics Admissions Tutor School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds

2 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Schools and supply to HE? Seismic line being shot across the (former) Selby coalfield and gypsum deposits for Leeds’ MSc Exploration Geophysics class HE - BSc level? HE - MSc level? jobs in oil & gas industry? Views expressed herein are those of the lead author alone and not necessarily those of the author’s affiliation & institute

3 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Geoscience incl. hydrocarbons, resource exploration remains in science syllabus to GCSE, and some A-Level and IB options - c. 5% of curriculum. Standard of teaching vastly improved by ESTU Keele (UKOOA-funded) GCSE & A-Level geology still extant: buoyant where taught but localised e.g FE colleges: A-Level up to 50% of BSc intake School provision?

4 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools cryosphere, climate change, environment impact too (e.g. Exxon Valdez case study) now: oil & gas sector seen as harmful and a twilight industry …. ‘geoscience’ not understood - geology & geophysics is (it’s on TV), but perceived as low pay relative to medicine/business.. recruitment experience is ‘earthquakes & volcanoes’ remains driver for BSc choice: options ‘fixed in’ by time of GCSE options School provision?

5 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Feedback: workload in making university choice and ‘information mining’ is already resented by some. Gap year as a positive choice has gone: looking to universities to provide that range of experience. 209,000 spill-over from 2010 entry School provision?

6 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Overall, geoscience BScs currently moderately buoyant: none shutting (but none starting). UK intake to geophysics still fragile and erratic: ‘mathematics vs. media studies’ effect remains. International intake still keeps some courses viable. Applications up around 30% for 2011 in common with widespread recession- and fee-driven dash for places BSc provision?

7 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools 45% having to work in vacation or term- time of final year. 30% having to work in vacation and term- time of final year. 65% give reason for working as “finding essential funding” (but my emphases) Exit debt typically £15-20k BSc provision?

8 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools research funding base-level “QR” govt. funding teaching income sector-average 1/3 each. research, QR higher in Russell Group teaching higher in 1994 Group BSc provision - funding?

9 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools research funding base-level “QR” govt. funding teaching income no NERC (govt.) contribution to oil & gas geoscience topics? unchanged in STEM subjects DON’T KNOW! BSc provision - funding?

10 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Sector-average cost ≈£7k pa per student, higher in (geo)sciences ≈£3k from student ≈£4k from HEFCE, capped via recruitment quota ≈£6-9k from student currently 2012 entry onward HEFCE cut by £2.9billion: consequent allocation and policy still unknown student government BSc provision - funding? student gov’t

11 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Sector-average cost ≈£7k pa per student, higher in (geo)sciences ≈£3k from student ≈£4k from HEFCE, capped via recruitment quota ≈£6-9k from student currently 2012 entry onward HEFCE cut by £2.9billion: consequent allocation and policy still unknown student government BSc provision - funding? student gov’t This is the much publicised “40% cut” “ the UK will drop spending in HE from 1% to 0.7% of GDP - the only nation in the developed world to cut. The US has increased it from 2% to 3% ….” see also They even cut the “F” from the name

12 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools “Browne review made it quite clear that it would take a fee of at least £7,000 for universities just to "maintain investment at current levels", assuming that government funding would be cut…. Spending Review … effectively remov(ed) funding for teaching in most subjects” BSc provision - funding?

13 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Universities have a ‘blank page’ to redesign BScs More, fewer, or even NO, BSc-level students? Significant shift upward in minimum entrance criteria? Radical changes to UK/EU-to-international balance? “general focus on skills, employability, and student experience metrics” Abandon state involvement - “go private”? BSc provision - the future?

14 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Questions tabled by opposition details of access agreements, (to) which universities will have to commit … if they are to charge the highest level of … fees What is meant … only charge £9,000 in "exceptional circumstances" provision … to help equip and recruit students from poorer backgrounds Whether … the government plans to limit student numbers plans to allow private institutions to offer degrees plans for a National Scholarship Scheme The estimated cost to the taxpayer of its plans, given that independent analysts have said the government has been over- optimistic in its assumption BSc provision - the future?

15 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Support for living costs to be cut also BSc provision - the future?

16 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT 3- and 4- year undergraduate degrees MSc., PhD A large pile of … manure jobs How deep in the …. might we be!? & what’s needed to dig us out!? Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools

17 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Consequent debt on 3-year degree? “At £6000 … approximately £30,000 At £9000 … approximately £38,000” Repayment at 0-3% interest, starting at £18,500pa BSc provision - the future?

18 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Sliding scales mean most graduate employees in oil & gas sector will be repaying in full at highest interest rates Data from RAC’s own inference 4-year degrees increase projected debt further, potential huge impact on progression to PhD and first-degree-entry jobs in e.g contractors No position in Browne or CSR on Master’s funding (news at Christmas?) beyond BSc - where most of you recruit from?

19 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Overall moderately buoyant: none now shutting, some (re)started where staffing allows (remain very staff-intensive), demand exceeds supply UK intake to geophysics fragile: lack of numerate geologists, recruit from outside geoscience. OS intake keeps most courses viable c.400 places overall (inc. Pet.Eng.), c.250 in geology & geophysics (c.50% international) MSc provision?

20 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools UK/EU fee structure? Top-up fee set by course & institution: varies between £0-4K across geoscience MScs ≈£3k from HEFCE, no cap via recruitment quota currently ≈£4k minimum, amount set by HEFCE, paid by NERC or student Fee ‘seen’ by student or sponsor £4-8k MSc provision?

21 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Geophysics: Leeds ongoing & growing, IC restarted & back to ‘full strength’, small course started at Edinburgh > about % NERC 30% industry 10% self-funding 50% overseas (self or institutional funded) Figures necessarily approximate - vary year-to-year, course to- course … Equal balance between NERC- industry-self across whole geoscience sector? MSc provision?

22 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools 10% NERC 30% industry 10% self-funding 50% overseas (self or institutional funded) New government rules on visas already having effect: unclear if it will improve, likely to worsen NERC: 10-15% real-term cut over 5 years. Likely to drop all Master’s funding from 2011 despite small % of its expenditure & disproportionately high return to UKplc All this cohort will have large debts at entry: may be prohibitive for self-funding future MSc provision?

23 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools 10% NERC 30% industry 10% self-funding 50% overseas (self or institutional funded) Universities have ‘blank page’ to reconsider priorities: may retract from such staff-intensive programmes unless they were economic: fees could go up or down Additional take-up from industry? Even in O&G sector many employers are SMEs “UCAS” for Master’s (“PTES”) to show great detail about student experience future MSc provision?

24 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Creative thinking by Masters providers …. more bursaries … individual and consortium support … integrate MSc modules with commercial CPD … pre-session summer school with credit value … restructured timetables to accommodate part- time … international recruitment and ‘moving the brand’ overseas … future MSc provision?

25 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Industry must act NOW to lobby government re. NERC, fee structure, visas….. universities have and are (e.g. via CBI) but more is needed Broader industry involvement in Masters advisory panels … individual and generic consortium support … integrate MSc in new-hire training … MSc level Foundation Degree & apprenticeships … pre-MSc internships … funded summer project placements … future MSc provision?

26 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Recruitment - earlier (by c.3-4 months), impacting on teaching Visa quotas for hire of non UK/EU: credibility of UK MScs for (necessary) OS intake Assistance with accrued debt? Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools Into jobs?

27 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT So hopefully, we won’t step backwards in teaching provision … Onwards from MSc MSc provision BSc to MSc BSc provision Schools The forestry helmet I should have been wearing …ooops

28 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Schools: NOW geoscience-aware but potentially oil-industry-hostile? summary? MSc: NOW funding sources reducing. IN 2016 possibly ample numbers including international cohorts, definitely very heavily in debt - overall very uncertain BSc: IN 2015 possibly better-qualified, probably ample numbers, definitely heavily in debt Views expressed herein are those of the lead author alone and not necessarily those of the author’s affiliation & institute

29 School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT Thanks for listening Any questions?


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