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The Road to Revolution Declaring Independence. Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775: Second Continental Congress 3 weeks after Lexington & Concord.

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Presentation on theme: "The Road to Revolution Declaring Independence. Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775: Second Continental Congress 3 weeks after Lexington & Concord."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Road to Revolution Declaring Independence

2 Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775: Second Continental Congress 3 weeks after Lexington & Concord in Philadelphia, PA3 weeks after Lexington & Concord in Philadelphia, PA Declaring independence was a long way off Attendees:Attendees: –John Adams & Samuel Adams George Washington –Patrick Henry & George Washington –Benjamin Franklin During the Stamp Act crisis, he represented the colonies in London –Helped repeal the Stamp Act –John Hancock President of the Congress –Thomas Jefferson Member of Virginia House of Burgesses

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5 Decisions Decisions of the Congress Begin to govern the coloniesBegin to govern the colonies Set up a post office –Franklin in charge Established committees as ambassadors Create Continental Army to fight BritishCreate Continental Army to fight British –Unanimously chose Washington to lead print money to pay armyAuthorized to print money to pay army

6 Battle of Bunker Hill Boston, MA 1775 Militia seized Bunker Hill & Breed’s Hill & fortified Breed’s Hill Fought on Breed’s Hill William Prescott, “Don’t Fire until you see the whites of their eyes” –Dr. James Warren, member of the Sons of Liberty, was killed English win battle at huge cost –(1,000 killed or wounded)

7 Avoid War one last chance to avoid all-out warOffered one last chance to avoid all-out war Olive Branch Petition –Sent the Olive Branch Petition Formal request for peaceFormal request for peace Requested king to protect colonists’ rights King rejected the petition & sought to punishKing rejected the petition & sought to punish the colonies –Hired 30,000 German soldiers & sent to fight with British  called Hessians

8 Siege of Boston Continental Army surrounded the British in Boston, MAContinental Army surrounded the British in Boston, MA Washington had artillery captured at Fort Ticonderoga moved to Dorchester Heights overlooking BostonWashington had artillery captured at Fort Ticonderoga moved to Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston Continental Army controlled the high ground & threatened to bombard the CityContinental Army controlled the high ground & threatened to bombard the City British General Howe withdrew his troopsBritish General Howe withdrew his troops

9 “Common Sense” Militias form into continental regimentsMilitias form into continental regiments Washington takes Montreal (November 1775)Washington takes Montreal (November 1775) Common Sense is publishedCommon Sense is published –Written by Thomas Paine –Pamphlet argues it’s common sense to embrace independence from Britain April 1776 more colonists support independenceApril 1776 more colonists support independence

10 May 1776May 1776 –Richard Henry Lee introduced idea of “free and independent states” Resolution debated in CongressResolution debated in Congress –Committee formed to write the Declaration Committee of 5Committee of 5 –Thomas Jefferson is main author Declaring Independence

11 Declaration Committee Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson John Adams Robert Livingston Roger Sherman

12 Writing the Declaration of Independence

13 July 4, 1776July 4, 1776 –Congress approves –Congress approves a revised Declaration of Independence 5 parts5 parts –Preamble = Introduction –Rights of the People –List of Grievances –Efforts to avoid separation –Independence Declared Declaring Independence


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