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MUSIC HISTORY: CLASSICAL. IMPORTANT FIGURES/EVENTS  1750-1830  American Revolution  French Revolution  Steam Power Engine and Steamboat Invented 

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Presentation on theme: "MUSIC HISTORY: CLASSICAL. IMPORTANT FIGURES/EVENTS  1750-1830  American Revolution  French Revolution  Steam Power Engine and Steamboat Invented "— Presentation transcript:

1 MUSIC HISTORY: CLASSICAL

2 IMPORTANT FIGURES/EVENTS   American Revolution  French Revolution  Steam Power Engine and Steamboat Invented  Electricity invented  First Vaccination  Napoleon  George Washington  Benjamin Franklin

3 CHARACTERISTICS  Emphasis on beauty rather than emotion  Reflected Greek style  New style was “cleaner”  Clearer division between parts  Brighter contrast and colors  Also, reflects the natural order - Newton

4 POPULAR OPINION  Instrumental music increases because the wealth prefer it and they are the ones paying the bills  Comedic operas become more popular with the public

5 MUSICAL CHANGES  Baroque put focus on single melody line; classical takes it and starts to notate dynamics and phrasing  Shorter melodies, too  Concerto – concerto grosso fades away; concerto solo becomes more popular  Concerto and sonata forms more defined  Orchestra increases in size  Creation of the SYMPHONY!!  Pianoforte invented – Harpsichord falls out of use

6 SYMPHONY  Begin to see something close to a modern day orchestra  More strings  Combine with brass and woodwinds  Usually 4 movements  Opening – Allegro  Slow  Minuet or Scherzo  Allegro or Rondo

7 (FRANZ) JOSEPH HADYN  March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809  Friend of Mozart, teacher of Beethoven  “Father of the Symphony”  “Father of the String Quartet”  Produced 340 hours of music,  More than Bach, Handel, Mozart, or Beethoven  Piece to know: Symphony No. 4 (The “Surprise” Symphony)  Also well known: His Trumpet Concerto  Lived long enough to reap the benefits  Music was the most popular across Europe before he died

8 WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART  January 27,  Last of 7 children (5 of which did not survive early childhood)  Lived in Vienna, Austria most of his life  Began composing music when he was 5  Hired as a court musician when he was 17  His father was composers a head of a orchestra, more so, he was a better teacher  Wrote almost everything: operas, symphonies, chamber works, violin concertos, masses, etc.  Mozart Famous Pieces  Eine Klein Nachmusik  Symphony No. 40  Ronda alla Turca  Piano Sonata No. 16  The Mirrage of Figaro (Opera)

9 BEETHOVEN  December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827  Taught by his father  Played viola  Accomplished pianist  Deaf  would yell at musician for playing poorly  Most well known:  Symphony No. 9 (Ode to Joy)  Symphony No. 7  Turkish March  Sympony No. 3 – “Eroica Symphony”  Fur Elise  Moonlight Sonata  Symphony No. 5


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