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U.S. Constitution Week of 3/17. Section III. Treason Continued: Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court Congress.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Constitution Week of 3/17. Section III. Treason Continued: Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court Congress."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Constitution Week of 3/17

2 Section III. Treason Continued: Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court Congress declares punishment Worst- death. Or you could be sentenced to jail (at least 5 years) and a fine.

3 Section III. Treason Examples: Mary Surratt John Wilkes Booth was staying at her house while the planned the assassination of Lincoln. Put on trial and got the death penalty Tokyo Rose- Iva Toguri American citizen, lived in Cali, college student Has an aunt in Japan who is sick and goes there to take care of her. While she is there, WWII breaks out. Japanese force her to work for them broadcasting (DJ) Job was to depress/lower the spirits of American soldiers Japanese didn’t know difference and she made them laugh She got put on trial and sentenced to prison 10 years and $10,000 fine She eventually moved to Chicago and Ford pardoned her

4 Section III. Treason continued 3. Can you be tried during peacetime? Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Charged with giving secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union Convicted and got death penalty

5 ARTICLE IV. Section I. Every state has to honor or recognize things like: records, public acts birth certificates diplomas credit cards marriage licenses drivers licenses

6 Section II. Rights of citizens are same for everyone everywhere. Extradition: If you commit a crime in IL and flee to Indiana, the IL police cannot go into Indiana, they must ASK the state, and the state might refuse. Must respect each states/towns jurisdiction, but usually they will all work together Definition: asking for a criminal to return for a trial

7 Section III. Congress would have to agree and both states would have to agree. West Virginia and Virginia have separated Rural Colorado would like to separate Cali- a section that also wants to separate from San Fran and LA

8 Section IV. Each state is guaranteed a republican form of government. People will always be able to vote for who they want to represent them

9 ARTICLE V To amend means to change Steps to amend: 1. Has to be a 2/3rds vote in both houses of Congress 2. 3/4 ths approval of the 50 states (38 states must accept it) NOT A 3/4ths VOTE in state gov’t Suffrage means to vote. Congress can never have an amendment to change the equal number of senators in the senate

10 ARTICLE VI Federal Supremacy National gov’t is the supreme law of the land. State law cannot come in conflict with federal law. If Federal law says you can’t ban handguns. IL can’t then go and ban handguns No religion tests are required if you are working for the government

11 ARTICLE VII Ratify: to approve 9/13 original states ratified the constitution Date of signing of this constitution: September 17 th, TOTAL articles in the constitution

12 Bill of Rights 1791 is when they became a part of the constitution I. Freedom of religion, speech, the press, to assemble, to petition Religion Assemble Petition Press Speech (RAPPS) Freedom OF religion NOT freedom FROM religion Limits on free speech is that you cannot threat, cannot yell out fire, bad words/language, slander (speaking lies), libel (writing lies) Can be sued even if you tell the truth- writing in an article that a man was gay when it had nothing to do with the rest of the article. It was just to hurt the man Speech includes expression (wearing long hair) Assemble: protests must be peaceful and have to have a permit Petition: If you don’t like something, you can petition. Timber Trails: Petitioned Western Springs not to build on the land

13 Bill of Rights Continued II. The right to have a gun shall not be taken away from you Winnetka and Oak Park banned guns, but then one man in Chicago took his case to the Supreme Court. They ruled it was unconstitutional to ban guns. III. Quartering of Soldiers: putting soldiers up in your homes- you cannot be forced to do this in war time: Congress would have to pass a bill to allow IV. Right to privacy. Police need a warrant to search your home and it has to be signed by a judge


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