Presentation on theme: "On my First Sonne About a father who mourns the death of his son. He believes he has loved his son more than God and God has taken him back. The poet believes."— Presentation transcript:
On my First Sonne About a father who mourns the death of his son. He believes he has loved his son more than God and God has taken him back. The poet believes that his son always belonged to God and he has now paid his debt through his death. Pride & Affection – ‘and joy’ ‘too much hope’ ‘best piece of poetrie’ Wants to stop feelings: ‘Oh could I loose... Now’ If he stops feeling like a father he will stop the grief/pain to give a conversational tone Death can be a blessing – ‘scap’d the worlds,... miserie yet age – don’t have to suffer pain of old age. Matches: Before You/My father/Mother any distance Relationships, Death, Love. The Man He Killed A soldier speaks about a man he killed in battle and how he believes he was just like him. He empathises with his victim and implies we would have done just the same, in battle. In civilian life, he believes they would have been friends. Poem is spoken & informal to imply a confession, or give conversational tone to the poem. Informal Vocab vs Description of war implies internal conflict in a soldier’s mind when killing/murdering. Regular rhyme/structure: reflects the constant death and waste of life. Also makes it seem ‘sing songy’ like soldiers whistle/sing when going into battle. Matches: Salome/Hitcher/Laboratory/ Death, Conscience, Violence. Factual Language ‘ I shot at him’ unemotional act of war. Detached air implies he’s bitter about the event. Metaphor – debt & money – repaid to God by son dying. ‘just day’ ‘lent’ ‘pay’
The Laboratory A woman goes to a drug shop to purchase a poison to kill several of her lover’s mistresses. She wants the drug to be beautiful and becomes highly excited at the thought of what it can do. ‘Now’... Creates sense of immediacy about speaker’s intentions. V3: ‘grind’ ‘moisten’ ‘mash’: emphasise her violent thoughts. ‘brave tree’ personification of gum tree implies the tree is a sacrifice for a noble cause, justifying her actions. Matches: Havisham / Salome / Kid / Last Duchess Murder, revenge, passion. Song of the Old Mother An old woman describes the chores she has to do. She thinks the younger generation are lazy and have an easy life. Rhyming couplets are traditional, reflecting simplicity of her life but also creates a rigid and inflexible structure, as her life was limited in terms of experience. Alliteration ‘lie long’ creates lazy sound to reflect her opinion of the lazy generation. ‘matching of ribbons...’ youth are only concerned with their appearance. Matches: ‘My father thought it.../Mother any distance Bitterness, Generations. Regular rhythm stresses repetitiveness and unending nature of her physical work. Metaphor ‘seed of the fire’: her fire is dying out as she ages. Punctuation: ‘!’ creates erotic effect, mimicking her pleasure & lover’s actions. ‘,’ creates long lingering read, as she wants to delight in each moment of murder. ‘brush this duct off me’: metaphor for lack of attention from her husband. ‘delicate droplet’: makes the poison seem fragile, paradox against the destruction of life is causes.
Sonnet 130 Shakespeare describes many imperfections of his lover but then informs us he loves her despite this. It is a parody of love poems which describe perfectly beautiful women. ‘I never saw...’ criticises traditional poems for unrealistic compliments & worshipping of women Structure – perfect sonnet form = reinforces idea of true & honest love Ironically spends much of poem criticising her and saying how ordinary she is, but at the end describes her beauty and presence as ‘rare’. Matches: Before You.../Mother Any Dist.../ Anne H Love & relationships Metaphysical Poem – images of Nature used My Last Duchess A Duke talks about a portrait of his deceased wife. She smiled & laughed a lot which irritated him. He was suspicious of her behaviour and implies at one point that she was murdered by him. He doesn’t seem that bothered though. ‘her looks went everywhere’: appears jealous of her friendships and behaviour with other men. ‘Nine hundred years old name’: implies she has no respect for his heritage & family name. ‘all smiles stopped together’ poet implies he has killed her. Caesura represents her death. Matches: Havisham/Salome/Kid Jealousy, Power, Relationships. Metaphor: ‘the curtain... (10) only he knew what she was really like. He can control who can see her unlike when she was alive. Reg. Rhythm = “sing songy”: hides the sinister murder
Elvis’ Twin Sister Poet imagines Elvis has a twin sister living as a nun. She is happier than her brother, as a simple life brings greater joy than wealth & fame. ‘tend gardens’ – Happy simple life is more fulfilling than Elvis’. ‘immortal soul’ – Her faith makes her immortal, his music makes him immortal. Ref to Elvis: Blue Suede Shoes / Heartbreak Hotel Matches: Kid, Hitcher Sonnet 130 Song Of... Faith, humour, religion Links Rock & Roll to religion = sacrilege, Was deemed to be the ‘Devil’s Music’ & overly sexual, corrupting those who listened to it. Salome The speaker wakes after a one night stand and tells us she needs to stop drinking and being reckless. She has the head of her last man in bed with her and seems proud of her actions. A modern take on the biblical story of Salome & John the Baptist. Rhyme in poem creates speed emphasising her excitement & maniacal behaviour. ‘blighter, beater, biter’ – implies possible revenge on men who have abused women. Aggressive alliteration. ‘Peter, Simon, Andrew, John’, uses names of disciples to imply she has a following. Paints her as a siren like figure. Matches: Kid, Laboratory, Hitcher, Havisham. Murder, revenge, passion. Colloquial Language implies lack of care & blasé attitude to killing ‘ain’t life a bitch’ Gregorian Chant – contrasts with music of Elvis
Havisham Based on Miss Havisham from Great Expectations. Jilted on her wedding day, she relives the same day, going mad with love. Bitter and twisted, she dreams of taking vengeance on a man, any man. ‘Dark green pebbles for eyes’ Metaphor for envy & cold, lifeless woman ‘cawing Noooooo’ = animalistic, lost ‘human’ self, becomes a scavenger ‘its mouth in its ear’ – male becomes object, easier to hate Matches: Kid/Hitcher/November/Laboratory/ Song of Old Mother Murder, revenge, passion, death. ‘Beloved.. Bastard / b-b-b’ Alliteration creates aggressive, angry tone Stealing A character remembers the act of stealing a snowman. He describes many of his thefts which he committed when he was bored. Shows no empathy towards his victims and has violent and destructive tendencies. Alliteration of ‘m’ – passionate about the snowman.’slice of ice’ (assonance) & ‘ghost’ – implies thief is emotionally cold & void ‘weighed a ton’ – boasts about his achievements in stealing. Matches: Hitcher/Kid/Laboratory/Man he killed Death, Conscience, Violence. Confessional tone – opens with answer to question posed at poetic voice. ‘Booted him...’ Violent – self destructive?
My father thought it Poet describes how as a teenager, he got his ear pierced and his dad was unimpressed and said he was stupid. Now, as an adult, he hears himself saying the same things as his father did and seems to agree with his father. ‘nerve’ – pun, painful experience / lack of courage ‘sore.. Wound...wept’ = hyperbole – inflicting unnecessary pain on himself? Structure = imperfect sonnet = twisted love / relationship with father. Hates him as a child but then speaks like him as an adult. Matches: Before you.../On my 1 st Sonne/Sonnet 130 ‘mop of hair’ = scruffy & rebellious teenage look November Unnamed speaker takes John’s grandmother to a nursing home to live. They know she won’t come out again & describe their repulsion towards old age and decide that as death is inevitable, they should enjoy the positives of life. ‘Parcel her’ = wrapping up her life / burial shroud ‘slack breasts, stunned brains = s/b alliteration makes words seem harsh & brutal ‘November... Twilight... Dusk’ – symbolic of end of life Matches: Havisham/Song of Old Mother Death, Life, Decay ‘badly parked car’ = metaphor for distress near death ‘monsters’ – appalled & terrified at old age Parent/Child, Relationships, Humour
Hitcher Persona in poem is under the treat of being sacked and gets a hire car to picks up a hitch- hiker who he kills violently. He dumps him out of the moving car and leaves him for dead. ‘let him have it’ - sudden & brutal violence ‘didn’t even swerve’ – reflects detachment from crime. Seems cold & calculating, almost boasting. ‘leant across to let him out’ – appears considerate & contrasts with ironic behaviour – emphasises lack of conscience / guilt of murder Matches: Stealing/Salome/Man he Killed/Laboratory/Last Duchess Death, Conscience, Violence. ‘sun from west to east’ - Romantic ideal, life of Beatnik poets (Link with Ref to Bob Dylan song) Kid Poet uses Robin & Batman to stand for a young person deserted by the adult who brought them up. Now “Robin” is taking revenge showing that “Batman” was far from a superhero and wants him to feel as lonely as he did. Stressed/unstressed ‘wander/yonder’ gives forceful determined tone to poem. ‘wild blue yonder’ - life is vast & terrifying with no guidance / positive role model. ‘Holy Robin redbreast / caper’ – play on Batman/Robin allegory Matches: My father/Before/Mother/On My 1 st Sonne Parent/Child, bitterness, anger, relationships ‘Batman bigshot’ - sarcasm, angry tone, resentful ‘Blown the cover / caper’ – implies Batman is villain
Before you were mine Poet talks bout her mother before her birth. She imagines the fun filled carefree life her mother had before she had her child. This was lost when she was a young mother and the poet realises that this person now only exists in the past. ‘Marilyn’ – iconic female, like her mother. ‘fizzy movie tomorrows’ – dreamed of glamorous life – motherhood was far from reality ‘loud possessive yell’ – implies poetic voice was a demanding baby Matches: Homecoming/Mother Any.../My father thought.../On my 1 st Sonne/Song...Mother Parent/Child, relationships. time ‘shriek at the pavement’ – image of vicarious youth Ann Hathaway Shakespeare’s wife speak to us about the second best bed he left in the will. She explains this is the best gift as it was were all their love and sensuality occurred and holds many cherished memories of her husband. ‘shooting stars’ – rare & magical event, magical love ‘verb... noun... assonance’- admiration of his skill. ‘assonance’ – implies memories of him an echo in her mind, or they are echoed in his writing. ‘dribbling their prose’ – compares others’ love as inferior. Matches:Kid/Mother Any.../Sonnet 130/My Last Duchess Love, grief, relationships ‘castles, cliff tops’ – fairy tale metaphor. Life with him = fantasy world. Sonnet but no reg rhyme – symbolises loss & grief ‘stamping stars.. Pavement’ – Dreams were squashed when she became a mother
Mother Any Distance Poet moves out of his mum’s house but still needs her help to measure for curtains etc. This need becomes a metaphor for how he will always need his mother’s support and he can always turn to her for help as well as being an independent adult. ‘Anchor. Kite’ – metaphor. Child is free to fly but mother keeps him grounded. ‘something has to give’ moving on is inevitable. ‘Last 100 th ’ – mother remains in life even if only small amount Matches: Before You/Song... Old Mother/Sonnet 130 Parent/Child, Growing up ‘Acres. Prairies’ – Hyperbole, daunting life as an adult Homecoming About memories of childhood and trust. A yellow jacket is used as a metaphor for people changing over time and are not always what you thought they were, because their behaviour changes. ‘model of a model of a mother’ - sarcastic tone, could be perfect but is far from it in reality ‘Red, blue murder. Bed’ – aggressive tone, emphasised by internal rhyme. Colours evocative of bruises. ‘In silhouette a father figure...’ sinister & mysterious, ‘set things straight’ implies violence Matches:Before You.../Anne Hathaway Trust, Time, Parent/Child ‘free fall blind’ – implies lack of control when growing up Rhyme @ start but fades – like mother – becomes distant in adulthood but still there.