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Gcpud1 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION NERC 1200 CIP 002 - 009 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION NERC 1200 CIP 002 - 009.

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Presentation on theme: "Gcpud1 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION NERC 1200 CIP 002 - 009 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION NERC 1200 CIP 002 - 009."— Presentation transcript:

1 gcpud1 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION NERC 1200 CIP CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION NERC 1200 CIP

2 gcpud2 Once Upon a Time Shared rights and responsibilities for transmission planning and operations, transmission service –Payments in kind –Loose coordination agreements –No third-party transmission access Costs of service allocated broadly –Federal and state rate regulation North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) sets voluntary operating policies –Membership comprised of eight regional reliability councils –Regional councils set broad range of requirements to implement operating policies Shared rights and responsibilities for transmission planning and operations, transmission service –Payments in kind –Loose coordination agreements –No third-party transmission access Costs of service allocated broadly –Federal and state rate regulation North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) sets voluntary operating policies –Membership comprised of eight regional reliability councils –Regional councils set broad range of requirements to implement operating policies Once Upon a Time

3 gcpud3 Things Changed Following severe economic dislocations, broad-based initiatives to bring market discipline to business sectors Intense debates produced Energy Policy Act of 1992 –Authorizes FERC to set rules for third-party access to high-voltage transmission to make sales for resale –Order 888 that eventually lead to Order 2003 standards for generation interconnection. Following severe economic dislocations, broad-based initiatives to bring market discipline to business sectors Intense debates produced Energy Policy Act of 1992 –Authorizes FERC to set rules for third-party access to high-voltage transmission to make sales for resale –Order 888 that eventually lead to Order 2003 standards for generation interconnection. Things Changed

4 gcpud4 FERC Jurisdiction “…over the ERO,…any regional entities, and all users, owners, and operators of the bulk-power system,…” and any entities included in the ERO rules. “…for purposes of approving standards …and enforcing compliance.” “Bulk power system” –“…facilities and control systems necessary for operating an interconnected electric energy transmission network, and electric energy from generation…needed to maintain reliability,…” excluding local distribution facilities. “…over the ERO,…any regional entities, and all users, owners, and operators of the bulk-power system,…” and any entities included in the ERO rules. “…for purposes of approving standards …and enforcing compliance.” “Bulk power system” –“…facilities and control systems necessary for operating an interconnected electric energy transmission network, and electric energy from generation…needed to maintain reliability,…” excluding local distribution facilities. FERC Jurisdiction

5 gcpud5 E R O Natural evolution to seek clarification of roles, rights, and responsibilities for physical system planning and operations 1998 –Call begins for federal legislation requiring creation of organization to set and enforce mandatory standards 2005 –Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) creates Section 215 of the Federal Power Act Expands FERC regulatory authority to reliability Defines Electric Reliability Organization (ERO) Natural evolution to seek clarification of roles, rights, and responsibilities for physical system planning and operations 1998 –Call begins for federal legislation requiring creation of organization to set and enforce mandatory standards 2005 –Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) creates Section 215 of the Federal Power Act Expands FERC regulatory authority to reliability Defines Electric Reliability Organization (ERO) E R O

6 gcpud6 Energy Policy Act of 2005 Assigns ownership of the issue of bulk power system reliability to FERC in the US Applies to all users, owners, and operators of the bulk power system Create an Electric Reliability Organization –NERC named ERO in July 2006 –Creates reliability standards –Sets reliability standards for bulk power system –Monitors & enforces compliance with standards Assigns ownership of the issue of bulk power system reliability to FERC in the US Applies to all users, owners, and operators of the bulk power system Create an Electric Reliability Organization –NERC named ERO in July 2006 –Creates reliability standards –Sets reliability standards for bulk power system –Monitors & enforces compliance with standards

7 gcpud7 NERC REGIONS

8 gcpud8 Who Does What? RO - Reliability Coordinator TO -Transmission Owner GO - Generation Owner LSE - Load Serving Entity RO - Reliability Coordinator TO -Transmission Owner GO - Generation Owner LSE - Load Serving Entity BA - Balancing Authority TSP -Transmission Service Provider TO -Transmission Operator GO - Generation Operator RRO - Regional Reliability Organization BA - Balancing Authority TSP -Transmission Service Provider TO -Transmission Operator GO - Generation Operator RRO - Regional Reliability Organization Who Does What?

9 gcpud9 The Big Picture NPCCSERCERCOTRFCFRCCWECCMROSPP RCBATOTOPTSPGOGOPLSENERCRRO Implementation Schedule Table 1 Implementation Schedule Table 2 Implementation Schedule Table 3 Implementation Schedule Table 4 CIP003CIP004CIP005CIP006CIP007CIP008CIP009 Begin Work Substantially Compliant Auditably Compliant CIP002 - Critical Cyber Asset Identification Control Centers Transmission Substations Generation System Restoration (Blackstart) Automatic Load Shed (300 MW) Special Protection Systems Other Controls and Documentation The Big Picture

10 gcpud10 Scope of CIP Applies to these bulk power system entities: –IOUs –Coops –Federal –Municipals –State agencies –Others Within the entities –Operations –Substations –IT –Generating Plants Applies to these bulk power system entities: –IOUs –Coops –Federal –Municipals –State agencies –Others Within the entities –Operations –Substations –IT –Generating Plants

11 gcpud11 Cyber Security Standards –CIP002: Critical Cyber Asset Identification –CIP003: Security Management Controls –CIP004: Personnel and Training –CIP005: Electronic Security Perimeter(s) –CIP006: Physical Security –CIP007: Systems Security Management –CIP008: Incident Reporting and Response Planning –CIP009: Recovery Plans for Critical Cyber Assets –CIP002: Critical Cyber Asset Identification –CIP003: Security Management Controls –CIP004: Personnel and Training –CIP005: Electronic Security Perimeter(s) –CIP006: Physical Security –CIP007: Systems Security Management –CIP008: Incident Reporting and Response Planning –CIP009: Recovery Plans for Critical Cyber Assets Cyber Security Standards

12 gcpud12 BULK ELECTRIC SYSTEM As defined by the Regional Reliability Organization, the electrical generation resources, transmission lines, interconnections with neighboring systems, and associated equipment, generally operated at voltages of 100 kV or higher. Radial transmission facilities serving only load with one transmission source are generally not included. As defined by the Regional Reliability Organization, the electrical generation resources, transmission lines, interconnections with neighboring systems, and associated equipment, generally operated at voltages of 100 kV or higher. Radial transmission facilities serving only load with one transmission source are generally not included.

13 gcpud13 CIP 002 Critical Cyber Asset Identification 1 Filtering Identifying Critical Assets Critical Electric Assets Output list of CCAs Bulk Electric Assets

14 gcpud14 Risk Basis If the asset were to be compromised or removed from service, what would be the impact, either direct or indirect to transmission grid reliability or operatability.’ If the asset were to be compromised or removed from service, what would be the impact, either direct or indirect to transmission grid reliability or operatability.’

15 gcpud15 Methodology A four (4) step process. Task 1: Assemble team of SMEs (Subject Mater Experts) to list electric assets by both physical and calculated means using power flow models and system simulations. Task 2: Eliminate non critical assets and list in ‘Null List’; remaining are Critical Electrical Assets. Task 3: Select Cyber Assets supporting Critical Electric Assets. Task 4: Determine Critical Cyber Assets. A four (4) step process. Task 1: Assemble team of SMEs (Subject Mater Experts) to list electric assets by both physical and calculated means using power flow models and system simulations. Task 2: Eliminate non critical assets and list in ‘Null List’; remaining are Critical Electrical Assets. Task 3: Select Cyber Assets supporting Critical Electric Assets. Task 4: Determine Critical Cyber Assets.

16 gcpud16 CIP 002 Critical Cyber Asset Identification 2 Filtering Essential to operation of critical asset and meets CIP002-R3 Cyber Assets Critical Electric Assets CRITICAL CYBER ASSETS

17 gcpud17 Cyber Asset Definiation Critical cyber assets are assets that meet at least one of the following requirements: –the cyber asset uses a routable protocol to communicate outside the electronic security perimeter; or, –the cyber asset uses a routable protocol within a control center; or, –the cyber asset is dial-up accessible. Critical cyber assets are assets that meet at least one of the following requirements: –the cyber asset uses a routable protocol to communicate outside the electronic security perimeter; or, –the cyber asset uses a routable protocol within a control center; or, –the cyber asset is dial-up accessible.

18 gcpud18 RAM - T RAM-DSM was the first RAM developed at Sandia for critical infrastructures. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned Sandia National Laboratories to develop the Risk Assessment Methodology for Transmissions (RAM- TSM) based on RAM-DSM. RAM-TSM is a way to analyze the current security risks and systematically characterize and assess the security requirements of the nation's electrical transmission system facilities to deter, prevent, and mitigate malevolent attacks. The methodology and training has been made available to owners, operators, managers, and others responsible for transmitting electrical power. RAM-DSM was the first RAM developed at Sandia for critical infrastructures. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned Sandia National Laboratories to develop the Risk Assessment Methodology for Transmissions (RAM- TSM) based on RAM-DSM. RAM-TSM is a way to analyze the current security risks and systematically characterize and assess the security requirements of the nation's electrical transmission system facilities to deter, prevent, and mitigate malevolent attacks. The methodology and training has been made available to owners, operators, managers, and others responsible for transmitting electrical power.

19 gcpud19 What to do next? Attend one of the NERC regional workshops on cyber security standardsAttend one of the NERC regional workshops on cyber security standards ftp://www.nerc.com/pub/sys/all_updl/cip/CSS_Workshop_A nnouncement.pdfftp://www.nerc.com/pub/sys/all_updl/cip/CSS_Workshop_A nnouncement.pdf Get involved in NERC standards processGet involved in NERC standards process –Registered Ballot Body –Standards drafting teams –Comment of proposed standards Get involved in your regions standards processGet involved in your regions standards process Find out about compliance assurance within your organizationFind out about compliance assurance within your organization –Some companies building formal internal compliance programs Attend one of the NERC regional workshops on cyber security standardsAttend one of the NERC regional workshops on cyber security standards ftp://www.nerc.com/pub/sys/all_updl/cip/CSS_Workshop_A nnouncement.pdfftp://www.nerc.com/pub/sys/all_updl/cip/CSS_Workshop_A nnouncement.pdf Get involved in NERC standards processGet involved in NERC standards process –Registered Ballot Body –Standards drafting teams –Comment of proposed standards Get involved in your regions standards processGet involved in your regions standards process Find out about compliance assurance within your organizationFind out about compliance assurance within your organization –Some companies building formal internal compliance programs

20 gcpud20 NERC WORKSHOP How to make an Asset Inventory Set up Change Management Physical and Electronic Access Control and Monitoring Governance Incident Response Documentation, Classification & Control Network Management Personnel Risk Assessment Physical Security Recovery Operations Systems Management Testing procedures Employee Training Performing Vulnerability Assessments Prepare for a Compliance Audit. How to make an Asset Inventory Set up Change Management Physical and Electronic Access Control and Monitoring Governance Incident Response Documentation, Classification & Control Network Management Personnel Risk Assessment Physical Security Recovery Operations Systems Management Testing procedures Employee Training Performing Vulnerability Assessments Prepare for a Compliance Audit.

21 gcpud21 NERC CIP Workshops 1-1/2 days Help entity identify steps needed to determine if it has critical assets and critical cyber assets under CIP standards. To be held in 9 remaining cities through January 2007 For information and registration go to: 1-1/2 days Help entity identify steps needed to determine if it has critical assets and critical cyber assets under CIP standards. To be held in 9 remaining cities through January 2007 For information and registration go to: ftp://www.nerc.com/pub/sys/all_updl/cip/CSS_Workshop_Announcement.pdf

22 gcpud22 Acknowledgements Marty Sidor – NERC Director of Education Mark Kuras – NERC – Standards Education Team Dave Dworzak – Edison Electric Institute Marty Sidor – NERC Director of Education Mark Kuras – NERC – Standards Education Team Dave Dworzak – Edison Electric Institute

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