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Figurative Language and Poetic Devices

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language and Poetic Devices"— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language and Poetic Devices
Go Figure! Figurative Language and Poetic Devices

2 Recognizing Figurative Language
The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject. Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.

3 Recognizing Literal Language
“I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!” In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language.

4 What is figurative language?
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.

5 Types of Figurative Language
Imagery Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole

6 Imagery • Sight : Frogs burrow in the mud.
Imagery is language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. • Sight : Frogs burrow in the mud. • Hearing: The ring, ring of the silver bells. • Touch: The scratchy wool. • Taste: The juicy sweetness of the peach. • Smell: The sour overflowing trashcan.

7 Simile A simile is figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.

8 Examples of Similes Mr. Kinder’s voice is as clear as a bell.
Jane’s room is as clean as a whistle His explanation was as clear as mud. That baby is as cute as a cup cake. Her skin is as delicate as a flower’s petal. My mouth is as dry as dust. Fatima is like a lion; she roars when she’s angry! Her face is like a ray of sunshine; it brightens by day. 

9 Simile Practice With a partner, generate a list of 5 similes. Place a star next to your best simile and share it with the class. Write the similes presented in your notes.

10 Metaphor A metaphor is a figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the desert. Running water is liquefied diamonds in the sun.

11 Metaphor Practice Generate a list of 5 metaphors. Place a star next to your best metaphor to share with the class. Write the metaphors presented in your notes.

12 Alliteration Alliteration is repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.

13 Personification Personification is a figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind yells while blowing." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell. Example: The wind reaches inside my coat to rattle my ribs.

14 Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds.
Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!

15 Hyperbole Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: I told you to be quiet a million times!

16 Other examples of Hyperbole
I could sleep for a year. This box weighs a ton. I've told you a million times not to exaggerate. I nearly died laughing. I tried a thousand times. Such statements are not literally true, but people use them to sound impressive or to emphasize something, such as a feeling, effort, or reaction.

17 Sound Devices Helps to enhance the musical aspects of a poem.
Examples: line breaks, rhythm, rhyme, repetition, and alliteration.

18 Line Breaks Help to control the rhythm of the poem as it is read. Readers tend to pause at the end of a line. Groups of lines are called stanzas. Stanzas are separated by a space. Example from “Seal”: See how he dives From the rocks with a zoom! See how he darts Through his watery room

19 Rhyme The use of words whose endings sound alike.
Two types of rhyme: internal rhyme and end rhyme. Internal rhyme: happens within lines. Example: Cold waves rolled beneath gray sky. End rhyme: happens at the end of lines. Example: Millie McDeevit screamed a scream So loud it made her eyebrows steam.

20 Repetition The use of the same word or phrase more than once, for emphasis or for rhythm. Example: “The Highwayman” A highwayman comes riding- Riding-riding- A highwayman comes riding, up to the old inn door.

21 Rhythm The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. Can also be created by rhyme scheme. Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming words at the end of lines labeled by lower case letters. Example: “Martin Luther King” He came upon an age a Beset by grief by rage a His love so deep, so wide, b He could not turn aside. b

22 Poetic Elements Tone: The author’s attitude toward his/her audience or subject. It can usually be described by a single adjective such as formal, serious, playful, or humorous. Factors that contribute to tone are word choice, line length, rhyme, rhythm and repetition.

23 Poetic Elements Theme: The central message, lesson or purpose of the poem. It is usually a general statement about humans or life. It is usually implied in a poem and not explicitly stated. A reader has to look at what the poem reveals about people or life to figure out the theme. Examples: Don’t judge a book by its cover. Success takes hard work and persistence. You can find happiness in small things.

24 Symbolism When something stands for or represents something else.
Examples: dove with an olive branch is a symbol of peace. Crown is a symbol of a king’s status and authority. A blind-folded woman holding a balanced scale is a symbol of justice.

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