A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figurative language is writing or speaking that purposefully departs from the literal meanings of words to achieve a particularly vivid, expressive, and/or imaginative image
SIMILE 4 A comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles.” 4 “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
METAPHOR 4 A direct comparison of two unlike things 4 “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.” - William Shakespeare
EXTENDED METAPHOR 4 A metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire length of a work.
Hope "Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul, And sings the tune--without the words, And never stops at all, "And sweetest in the gale is heard; And sore must be the storm That could abash the little bird That kept so many warm. "I've heard it in the chillest land, And on the strangest sea; Yet, never, in extremity, It asked a crumb of me." (Emily Dickinson)
IMPLIED METAPHOR 4 The comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated. 4 “The poison sacs of the town began to manufacture venom, and the town swelled and puffed with the pressure of it.” - from The Pearl - by John Steinbeck
Hyperbole 4 Exaggeration often used for emphasis. 4 "I had so much homework, I needed a pickup truck to carry all my books home!" 4 Hyperbole is supposed to evoke a ridiculous picture in your mind,... and in the process, make the point effectively.
Litotes 4 Understatement - basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic.
PERSONIFICATION 4 An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life- like qualities. 4 "Wind yells while blowing" 4 "Wind yells while blowing" is an example of personification because wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell. 4 Necklace is a friend 4 "Necklace is a friend" is an example of personification because Necklace is a thing, and necklaces cannot be friends. Only living things can have friends.
SATIN DREAMS OF INDIA 4 Satin dreams of India. Satin dreams of being made into a beautiful sari. A warm, Wonderful sari Worn on an Indian Princess. Swaying in the wind. Satin tell us to be soft and gentle like her
SYMBOLISM 4 When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else. = Innocence = Canada = Peace
Allusion 4 Allusion comes from the verb “allude” which means “to refer to” 4 An allusion is a reference to something famous. A tunnel walled and overlaid With dazzling crystal: we had read Of rare Aladdin’s wondrous cave, And to our own his name we gave. From “Snowbound” John Greenleaf Whittier
IMAGERY 4 Language that appeals to the senses. 4 Most images are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or smell. then with cracked hands that ached from labor in the weekday weather... from “Those Winter Sundays”
Cliché 4 Any figure of speech that was once clever and original but has been overused and is now timeworn. 4 Example-Busy as a bee
Irony 4 A contradiction of expectation between what is said and what is meant or an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs. Often connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. 4 Dramatic, situational, verbal
Situational example: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Coleridge 4 : “Water, water, every where, And all the boards did shrink ; Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink “ 4 In this example it is ironic that water is everywhere but none of it can be drunk
Oxymoron 4 a figure of speech that combines normally- contradictory terms.figure of speech -open secret -act naturally -found missing -deafening silence -alone together
Metonymy 4 a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or conceptfigure of speechrhetoric 4 … 4 Example: Parliament stated today… 4 The Crown reported today
Apostrophe 4 Speaking directly to a real or imagined listener or inanimate object. 4 Example: O Captain! My Captain! Our fearful trip is done.
Pun 4 Word play in which words with totally different meanings have similar or identical sounds. 4 Example: Like a firefly, I’m delighted
Connotation 4 The emotional, psychological or social overtones associated with a word. 4 Can change from time to time frame, culture to culture. 4 snake - "any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes venomous reptiles having a long, tapering, cylindrical body and found in most tropical and temperate regions." snake - evil or danger
Denotation 4 The dictionary definition of a word, the literal meaning apart from any association or connotations.
Re-Read the poems I have provided you with and identify 5 meaning devices in the five that you annotated for sound devices. Explain how the meaning devices that you have identified creates a deeper meaning.