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More about Freud! Defense Mechanisms Psychology Ms. Rebecca.

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Presentation on theme: "More about Freud! Defense Mechanisms Psychology Ms. Rebecca."— Presentation transcript:

1 More about Freud! Defense Mechanisms Psychology Ms. Rebecca

2 Review: Answer the following questions: What is Psychoanalytic Theory? Who is Freud and what does he say are the 3 parts of personality? What does each part do?

3 Psychoanalytic theory  Says we are influenced by forces beneath our conscious: (in our unconscious)

4 Stages of Personality  ID  EGO  SUPEREGO

5 Today  We are going to learn about another one of Freud’s ideas about personality: Defense Mechanisms

6 Defense Mechanisms  Are the methods the ego uses to avoid facing emotions or ideas that cause pain or stress. (Goal 4 of Psychology!)  Defense Mechanisms, like the id, ego and superego operates beneath our conscious.

7 What are they?  Repression  Rationalization  Displacement  Regression  Projection  Reaction Formation  Denial  Sublimation

8 1. Repression  Pushes painful or stressful ideas into the subconscious.  Like a tea-kettle holds in steam, people hold in their urges.

9 Problem with repression  When steam builds up, the tea-kettle pops it’s lid.

10  When people let their emotions and urges build up inside of them they eventually explode through outbursts of anger and maybe developing other psychological and emotional problems.

11 2. Rationalization  Distorts unacceptable ideas and behaviors to justify them. Makes excuses to try to make it seem like unacceptable behavior is ok.

12 Example of Rationalization  A student who cheats on a test may say:  “I only cheated on a few questions, I knew most of the answers!”

13 3. Displacement  To transfer an impulse or idea from a threatening object to a LESS threatening object. Example: If you are yelled at by your boss you can’t yell back you’ll get fired!  So, you go home and yell at your loved ones!

14 So, you go home and yell at your loved ones!  Works for dad!

15 4. Regression  When someone is under a lot of stress, they return to behavior from an earlier stage of development.

16 Example of Regression  Someone who gets divorced may become clingy to parents again like they were as a child.

17 5. Projection  People deal with unacceptable impulses by acting as if OTHER people have them.  They see their own faults in other people.

18 6. Reaction Formation  People act the opposite of how they really feel.

19 Example of Reaction Formation  Acting like you hate someone you really have a crush on.

20 7. Denial  A person refuses to accept the reality of anything that is bad.

21 Example of Denial  People think that they won’t get sick and die from smoking because they are in denial.

22 8. Sublimation  When people channel impulses into socially acceptable behavior.  Example: Someone who is aggressive…

23 Can channel their aggression into playing sports

24 Effects of Defense Mechanisms  Using defense mechanisms can be normal to protect people from painful feelings. BUT…..

25 Defense Mechanisms can be unhealthy…  If the lead people to ignore the issues that cause feelings of pain.  According to Freud, If you have a healthy ego, you should be able to balance the ID and Superego without using defense mechanisms

26 Final thoughts about Freud  Today concepts like the ID and Oedipus Complex are considered unscientific but Freud’s work was very important to Psychology.

27 Why?  1. Freud helped to develop compassion for those with Psychological disorders.  In the past, people were just dismissed as being “crazy” but after Freud’s research more people realized that psychological problems weren’t just weaknesses.

28 2. Introduced idea that childhood influences adulthood  Importance of recognizing emotional needs of children.  This inspired others to continue the research Freud started.

29 Homework:  Do Defense Mechanisms Packet  Make picture notecards of the following terms:  Repression  Rationalization  Displacement  Regression  Projection  Reaction Formation  Denial  Sublimation

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