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Arctic. ● Arctic is the area around the North Pole. ● It consists of Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, Greenland, Norway, United States, Sweden,

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Presentation on theme: "Arctic. ● Arctic is the area around the North Pole. ● It consists of Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, Greenland, Norway, United States, Sweden,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Arctic

2 ● Arctic is the area around the North Pole. ● It consists of Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, Greenland, Norway, United States, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. ● The area of Arctic is 26 mil. km². ● Arctic is predominantly frozen. ● People living there are called Inuits.

3 ● Arctic climate is affected by cold sea currents.Temperature ● In winter (in July) between -40°C and -70°C. ● In summer (in January) between -10°C and -40°C. ● Average tempature isn‘t higher than 10°C. Climate

4 Icebergs are formed by fresh water. It is very difficult to say how large the iceberg is because you can se only 1/10 of it. The rest is under water. Icebergs can be m high. The average weight of pack ice is and tons. The largest iceberg located in the North Atlantic was 168 m high. Iceberg caused one of the most famous maritime disasters: in April 1912 about 1500 passengers and crew members died when Titanic crashed into the iceberg.

5 1. CONTINENTAL The continental iceberg is only in the Antarctic and Greenland now. 2. FLOATING Gigantic piece of ice broken off the continental iceberg.

6 Arctic icebergs are the largest reservoir of fresh water in the world. The Arctic is also a unique natural system that balances the stability of the world's climate.

7 ● Arctic deserts are frozen however we can find some plants in the south. There are mosses, lichens, algae, mushrooms and bacteria in the Antarctic Continent. Flora

8 We can also find some animals, especially penguins, seabirds, seals, plankton and lots of types of fish living there.

9 The melting of icebergs

10 !!! I cebergs are melting faster and faster: in 1996 in Greenland melted 63 km 3 of ice, in 2005 it already was 162 km 3 !!! !!! Polar bears, seals and walrus are in the danger of their life !!! !!! The temperature of water increased by 3 o C in the west of Arctic but fish need colder water !!! !!! The sea level is higher and higher. It can flood islands and land with a low altitude !!!


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