Presentation on theme: "THE INUIT TRIBE CREATED BY AMANDA BROADNAX 2011. LOCATION *located in the Arctic *Their tribe stretches from Alaska and the islands of the Bering Sea,"— Presentation transcript:
LOCATION *located in the Arctic *Their tribe stretches from Alaska and the islands of the Bering Sea, across Canada to the coast of Greenland, and the tip of Russia *They live along the sea
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE *For most of the year the land is covered in snow and the seas are frozen *This land is considered snow-covered plains, Grasslands (tundra), and some forests *The land is frozen except for 3 months of the year. Spring arrives in March and April. By May, the snow melts but by October, the first heavy snowfalls begin. *Temperatures can fall to 50 degrees below zero
PLANTS The land is not suitable for farming because it is frozen. The Inuit did not grow crops because it was too cold. The Inuit hunted, fished, trapped, and gathered berries
ANIMALS The Inuit relied on hunting and fishing for food. From the sea, they hunted seals, whales, and fished using harpoons. From the land, they hunted caribou and polar bears. Much of what they ate was raw. Oil from sea mammals, especially whales, gave the Inuit fuel for cooking and for oil lamps. Tools were made from bones.
CLOTHING The Inuit used animal skins and fur to make their clothing. Shirts were made of bird skin. Pants and coats were made from animal fur. They wore mittens and boots called kamiks.
SHELTER The Inuit word for house is iglu. What we call an igloo is an igluviak or snowhouse to them. Most snowhouses were temporary shelters, used while the Inuit where hunting by the sea. The snow blocks were cut with a large knife or saw. In many areas in Canada, children take igloo building lessons. When they weren’t hunting by the sea, they lived in turf houses.