Fruits Come in ALL Shapes and Sizes…Flavors too!! Take a look…
Unusual Fruits! Ackee sometimes called a "vegetable brain" because only the inner, brain-shaped, yellowish arils are edible.
Unusual Fruits! Rambutan the name of this fruit is derived from the Malay word meaning “hairy”…can you see why?
Unusual Fruits! African Horned Cucumber When it is exported to the U.S., the horned cucumber is often labeled as "blowfish fruit."
Unusual Fruits! Miraclefruit Native to West Africa, this berry got its name from its incredible ability to make sour fruits (like lemons and limes) taste sweet instead, when the juices are mixed together
By the end of class today, you will have examined four different types of fruit and be able to identify them based on their characteristic discussed in class.
8 4 Different Forms of Fruit Available Fresh Dried Canned Frozen
9 Fresh Fruits Raw Fresh Fruit Adds color, flavor, texture and nutrients to meals. Fresh fruit contain more nutrients than cooked fruit. Vitamin C is destroyed when it comes in contact with air.
Enzymatic Browning Discoloration results from exposure of a fruit’s flesh to the air Prevention: Coat fruits with some form of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) – Lemon, lime, grapefruit, or orange juice
11 Fresh Fruits Cooked Fresh Fruit More palatable ( pleasant to taste) Cooking will preserve overripe fruit. Overcooking causes loss of nutrients, shape, color and flavor.
12 Canned Fruits Canned fruits may be purchased in the following forms: * Whole * Tidbits * Halves * Sections * Sliced * Juice * Chunked * Sauce * Crushed * Spears
13 Canned Fruits Whole or larger pieces of canned fruit usually costs more. Store cans in a cool dry place. Rotate the stock of cans and avoid keeping canned fruit for longer than 12 to 18 months.
Canned fruits come packed in juices or in light, heavy, or extra heavy syrups. Juices come in bottles, cartons, cans, or frozen concentrate If label says “juice” the product =100%juice – If not pure juice must be called another name “fruit drink”
Goal=break down texture Sugar isn’t added until end of cooking – This thins sauce When cooking in water use as little water as possible – Prevents loss of flavor and water soluble nutrients
16 Frozen Fruit Fruits may be frozen whole or sliced and may be packed with or without sugar. It is recommended the fruits be kept frozen at 0*F or lower for no longer than 9 to 12 months. If fruits become defrosted, it is recommended NOT TO REFREEZE. Use defrosted fruits as soon as possible.
17 Dried Fruits Dried fruits are nutritious, keep well, and have a sweet fruity flavor. Some fruits such as plums (prunes) are put into dehydrator tunnels for 15-24 hours, unlike other such as grapes (raisins) are air dried for 2-3 weeks.
18 Dried Fruits Fruits which are dried include: – Apples – Apricots – Dates – Figs – Peaches – Plums – Grapes Uses of dried fruits: – Main dishes – Breads – Cookies – Eaten alone – Chewy snack – Pastries
Most fruits are stored in the crisper drawer in the refrigerator – Citrus and pomes last longer than berries and melons To speed up the ripening process, store fruits at room temperature in a brown paper bag
Characterized by a smooth skin covering an enlarged fleshy area surrounding the core (seeds). Examples: - apples -pears -applepear
Contain a single seed, or the pit, surrounded by a fleshy, juicy, edible portion. Examples: -Peaches -Nectarines -Apricots -Cherries -Plums
Berries have tiny seeds embedded in the flesh and a fragile cell structure. Examples: -Blackberries -Cranberries -Strawberries -Grapes
Citrus fruits have a thick outer rind and a thin membrane that separates the flesh of the fruit into segments. Good source of vitamin C Examples: Grapefruit, orange, tangerine, tangelo, kumquat, lemon, lime, mandarin orange, ugli fruit
Melons are large, juicy fruits with a thick skin and many seeds. Examples: -Watermelon -Cantaloupe -Honeydew -Casaba -Muskmelon
Tropical fruits are grown in warm climates and are considered to be somewhat exotic. Examples: -Banana -Plantain -Mango -Papaya -Pomegranate -Avocado -Pineapple -Kiwi
Won’t ripen after harvest Apples Berries Grapefruit Oranges Pineapples Tangerines Will ripen after harvest Apricots Avocados Bananas Kiwi Mangoes Nectarines Peaches Pears
29 Activity In each kitchen, there are all sorts of types of fruits. Some you may have tried before and some you may have not even heard of before. Grab a plate and move around to each kitchen to make sure you try them all! The four types of fruits are represented as well as a variety of colors, textures, shapes and flavors!!! ENJOY!!!