Presentation on theme: "Fruit A delicious food, full of nutrients and vitamins, that grows around the world!"— Presentation transcript:
Fruit A delicious food, full of nutrients and vitamins, that grows around the world!
New Terms Drupes Pomes Citrus Fruit Berries Melon Tropical Fruit Produce Fiber Carbohydrate
Drupes Fruit with one large pit or seed. Grows on trees
Pomes: Fruit that has a core and contains seeds Grows on trees
Citrus Fruit: Has a leathery skin Made up of many segments filled with juicy pellets Grows on trees
Berries: Small, juicy fruits that contain many tiny seeds Most grow on vines
Melons: Large, moist fruits Grow on vines Contain seeds Have a thick skin that may be smooth or rough
Tropical Fruit: A type of fruit that grows only in warm, sunny climates
Produce: Fresh fruits and vegetables
Fiber: The roughage part of a plant Fiber is needed for good digestion and good health.
Carbohydrate: A nutrient that provides energy. It is found in every food of plant origin.
What Foods Are in the “Fruit Group”? Any fruit 100% fruit juice
How much fruit do you need to eat a day? It is recommended that you eat 2-4 servings a day
What Counts as a serving of Fruit? 1 medium sized apple ½ cup fresh fruit or canned fruit ¾ cup 100% juice ¼ cup dried fruit
Think about the amount of fruit you eat in a day… When do you eat fruit? Are you getting 2-4 servings every day?
What is the big deal about fruit? Why do I need it? Fruits are low in sodium and fat and have no cholesterol. Fruits are a good source of Carbohydrates and fiber. Fruits also provide many of the vitamins and minerals you need for good health – Vitamin C – Vitamin A – Potassium
Buying fruit You can buy fresh fruit You can also buy fruit canned, frozen or dried
When or why would you buy canned, frozen or dried fruit rather than fresh? Fresh fruit might not be available in the produce section It might be cheaper It might be more convenient
Canned Fruit You can choose whole, halved, sliced, chopped, crushed Beware; canned fruit is often sold in syrup. Look for fruit packed in 100% juice. If a can is dented, rusty, leaking or bulging, it is not safe to eat. Throw it away! After opening a can, place any unused fruit in a covered container and store in the refrigerator and use within a few days.
Frozen Fruit Frozen fruit is more like fresh fruit in color, texture and flavor than canned or dried fruit. Buy packages that are clean and solidly frozen. Soft, sticky or stained packages show signs that the fruit has thawed. Do not re-freeze if the fruit thaws; it will be mushy and possibly rotten.
Dried Fruit Dried fruit is convenient. It is lightweight and ideal for camping and hiking trips. Store dried fruit in an airtight container and sore in a cool, dry place.
Choosing the Best Fresh Fruit Feels heavy and firm Has no cuts, bruises, or decay Smells pleasant It isn’t sticky, wrinkled or moldy
Storage Fresh melons, drupes and pears can be ripened at home-Refrigerate them only if they are ripe. Most fresh fruits will last a week or two in the refrigerator Some fruits such as apples and citrus fruits can be stored for a month or more. Bananas should not be refrigerated because the cold causes them to spoil Berries decay fast and do not store well. Keep them in the refrigerator and use within a day or two.
Preparation Cut away any damaged or bruised areas Produce that looks rotten should be discarded Wash all produce thoroughly under running water Scrub firm produce with a clean produce brush Dry produce with a clean cloth towel to further reduce bacteria that may be present
What About Pre-Washed Produce? Many pre-cut, bagged, or packaged produce items like lettuce are pre- washed and ready-to-eat. If so, it will be stated on the packaging. If the package indicates that the contents are pre-washed and ready- to-eat, you can use the produce without further washing