Biome Features Flat Ground is permanently frozen No trees Some permafrost melts in summer
Climate Winter: cold and dark Average temperature: -18 F Avg. summer temp.: 12 F Can reach up to 54 degrees Fahrenheit Water forms lakes and marshes during summer Winds can reach 30 mph Yearly precipitation 14-25 cm (6-10in.)
Plants Over 1700 species of plants Examples: arctic willow, pasque flower, bearberry, purple saxifrage, arctic poppy, cottongrass Shallow root systems prevents large plants
Animals Arctic Fox has short ears and with thick coat to keep warm Low amounts of biodiversity in tundra Snowy owls Mining and drilling threaten animals
Seasonal Information Visit in summer – 53 days of 24/7 sunshine Don’t come in Winter – temperatures can reach -50F
Unique features of the Biome During summer there is daylight 24 hours Largest biome
Adaptations Animals, such as arctic foxes, breed and raise young quickly in the summer as an adaption to the long, cold winters. Most animals also are insulated with more fat. Arctic moss plants store nutrients when not growing so that new leaves can be made quickly in the Spring.