3Biome Features Flat Ground is permanently frozen No trees Some permafrost melts in summer
4Climate Winter: cold and dark Average temperature: -18 F Avg. summer temp.: 12 FCan reach up to 54 degrees FahrenheitWater forms lakes and marshes during summerWinds can reach 30 mphYearly precipitation cm (6-10in.)
6Plants Over 1700 species of plants Examples: arctic willow, pasque flower, bearberry, purple saxifrage, arctic poppy, cottongrassShallow root systems prevents large plants
7Animals Arctic Fox has short ears and with thick coat to keep warm Low amounts of biodiversity in tundraSnowy owlsMining and drilling threaten animals
8Seasonal Information Visit in summer – 53 days of 24/7 sunshine Don’t come in Winter – temperatures can reach -50F
9Unique features of the Biome During summer there is daylight 24 hoursLargest biome
10AdaptationsAnimals, such as arctic foxes, breed and raise young quickly in the summer as an adaption to the long, cold winters. Most animals also are insulated with more fat.Arctic moss plants store nutrients when not growing so that new leaves can be made quickly in the Spring.