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REVIEW – GLOBAL ADVANCES IN TILAPIA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING – 2008 Kevin Fitzsimmons, Ph.D. Sec. Tres. American Tilapia Association Past President – World.

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Presentation on theme: "REVIEW – GLOBAL ADVANCES IN TILAPIA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING – 2008 Kevin Fitzsimmons, Ph.D. Sec. Tres. American Tilapia Association Past President – World."— Presentation transcript:

1 REVIEW – GLOBAL ADVANCES IN TILAPIA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING – 2008 Kevin Fitzsimmons, Ph.D. Sec. Tres. American Tilapia Association Past President – World Aquaculture Society Professor, University of Arizona Busan, Korea World Aquaculture Meetings May 23, 2008

2 Overview F Global perspective F US and EU markets for tilapia products F Processing and packaging changes F New products F Demands on farmers F Future trends

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5 Global production of tilapia

6 Top Ten Seafoods (U.S.) per capita (lbs)

7 Percentage of US finfish sales % of sales

8 US Tilapia consumption (imports and domestic) 229,000 mt of live weight (equivalent) ,410 mt of live weight (equivalent) – ,295 mt of live weight (equivalent) – ,000 mt of live weight (equivalent)

9 US Consumption of tilapia from domestic and imported sources

10 26,176 mt fresh fillets, 100,636 mt frozen fillets, 46,943 mt whole frozen (2007)

11 $297,413,000 (2004) $392,978,298 (2005 ) $482,742,515 (2006), $559,788,809 (2007)

12 Tilapia ( June 2007, Tesco, UK ) F $18 US per kg whole fish!!!!

13 Begin quality control on the farm F Reduce or eliminate use of drugs and chemicals F Consider alternatives to methyltestosterone F Use high quality feeds, proper ratio of protein, carbohydrates and fat (minimize fatty deposits) F No contaminates in feed F Maintain water quality, avoid polluted water F Control algae blooms and off-flavor

14 Depuration stage F Check fish for off-flavor at the farm F Move to depuration system, good quality water, no feed, clear fish of off-flavor F Depuration system can be on-farm or at processing plant F Check for off-flavor at processing plant F Check for off-flavor at end of processing

15 Transport to processing plant F Best to transport live F May want to add salt to reduce stress and maintain quality

16 High quality fresh and frozen fillets F Hand trimming of fillets F Buyers are requesting better trim of margins of fillets for more consistent appearance

17 Many fillets are treated with carbon monoxide (CO, also called liquid smoke) F CO infuses into fillet and reacts with myoglobin F Fillet maintains fresh appearance for longer period

18 Carbon monoxide - CO F Especially common at Chinese processors F Initially CO infusion in bags, then moved to cabinets, now retort vessels

19 Carbon monoxide - CO F Rapidly improving the technique, and providing safety to workers F Must be labeled as an additive in US and EU

20 Carbon monoxide F Latest variations are to introduce CO during transport to the processing plant and putting whole fish into CO pressure vessel on receiving dock

21 Demands on farmers and processors F Demand for even more food safety, high quality, “organic” or “green” tilapia products. - Reduce or eliminate use of methyl-testosterone hormone. - No anti-biotics or other chemicals - Reduce environmental impacts - More integrated, re-use water for farming crops - Re-use processing waste products F More value-added tilapia products F More demand for all forms, especially frozen meals F Rapidly increasing demand from Europe

22 Improved quality control: Required for US, EU, and Japan markets F Samples checked for bacterial and chemical contamination F Follow HACCP procedures, ISO, and EU guidelines F Many plants are using ozone dips to reduce surface bacteria

23 Gaining NGO certifications F NaturLand F World Wildlife Fund F Aquaculture Certification Council F Each reviewing sustainability of aquaculture practices and providing a certification and marketing logo

24 Improvements in packaging

25 IQF Fillets in re-sealable packages

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31 Tilapia Orange Juice

32 Global Tilapia Market Trends Prices have been constant, only fresh fillets have increased significantly, will not see increases with inflation $/kg

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34 Upcoming supply shortage for frozen fillets??? F Notes from China (CAPPMA) F 100,000 metric tons of tilapia lost in first week of February 2008 due to the severe winter storms hitting Guangxi and Fujian provinces F Other industry reports put figure at 300,000 to 500,000 mt lost. F Guangdong and Hainan provinces were not hit very badly, so some reports may be exaggerated.

35 Global Aquaculture Tilapia Sales F For year 2000 =US $ 1,744, (FAO FishStat 2007) F 2005 sales = $ 2,457,312,000 (FAO FishStat 2007) F 2010 sales >$ 5,000,000,000

36 Future global tilapia aquaculture

37 Conclusions F Need to meet stricter food safety, quality, and environmental criteria F More demands for food safety, quality assurance, improved packaging, and environmental safeguards (with little if any increase in price) F ISO, HACCP and NGO certifications

38 Eighth International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture October, 2008 Cairo International Conference Center


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