Unit Four Fresh Start Part One Preparation Part Two Reading Centered Activity
Part one Preparation Task One How well have you been acquainted with our university? Freshmen versus Seniors Just Kidding 1 2 3
How well have you been acquainted with your university Can you recognize these places? Which is your favorite place/ the most frequently visited place on campus? Why? Would you walk us through a typical day of yours on campus? back A B C
A. Question and Answer A. Can you recognize these places ? Student DormitoryStudent Activities Center No.1 Teaching Building Library 月雅 Lake back
B. Question and Answer: Ask 2 or 3 students to answer some of the following questions. B. Which is your favorite place on campus the place you most frequently visited the place you spend most of your time and why? Examples: 1. I like the student canteen best because the food there is delicious! 2. I spend a long time in dormitory for you know sleep takes at least 8 hours a day. Useful Words and Expressions: back Computer Center, Administration Building, Stadium, Student Activities Center,Library, Auditorium
C. Group Work: divide the students into groups of 4 and ask them to have a discussion about the following question. C. Can you tell us a typical day of your campus life? Hints: Where Who What do you usually go in the morning/ afternoon/ evening? do you meet there? do you usually do there? back Useful Expressions: Computer Center/ Stadium/ Student Activities Center/Library Auditorium/ No.#Teaching Building/ Canteen/ Dorm Generally speaking/ work on…/ assignment/ stay with somebody./ attend class/ devote some time on…/ be kept busy/ in my spare time…/ every day routine
2. Freshmen versus Seniors Walking across campus, it's easy to pick out a freshman from a senior. No offense, freshmen, but you kind of stick out like sore thumbs … Let’s have a mini test to see whether you are from a freshman to a senior! Ready? Go! back
Are you an activate participants of various student associations on campus? yesno back
Do you always count days to go home only become homesick occasionally back
Do you know which canteen sells best pork always find the canteen dishes awful back
Do you prefer to sit in the front rows of the classroom would rather sit at the back back
You read syllabus carefully in order to find out what classes you can cut find out what classes you need to attend back
Do you memorize the course materials to get a good grade memorize the professor’s habits to get a good grade back
If you see a dead fly in your dinner, what would you do? pour the dish and feel sick for the whole evening take the fly out and go on to eat back
Just Kidding University is full of knowledge; the freshmen bring a little in and the seniors take none away, and knowledge accumulates back
Task Two How much do you know about HDU? If life were a piece of colorful drawing, college life would be one of the brightest colors. If life were a meaningful poem, college life would be one of the most beautiful words. College life is an especially important period of time.
Located in the historical city of Hangzhou, China, Hangzhou Dianzi University is an institution of higher learning that offers multiple disciplines of engineering, science, economics, management, literature, law and education. While highlighting electronics and information science, the university is also fairly strong in the discipline of business management. The predecessor of the university is Hangzhou Aviation Finance and Economics School, founded in 1956. In 1980, Hangzhou Institute of Electronic Engineering was set up, which was later renamed Hangzhou Dianzi in 2004. About HDU
The university was at first affiliated with the No. 4 Ministry of Mechanical Industry, then with the Ministry of Electronic Industry and still later with the Ministry of Information Industry. Since 2000, the university has been under Ministerial and Provincial leadership with the Provincial Government playing the main management role. Now, the university is a teaching and research oriented university of Zhejiang for priority development.
About HDU The university ’ s three campuses, Xiasha Campus, Wenyi Campus and Dongyue Campus, occupy a combined land area of 2,000 mu with a building area of 670,000 square meters. The university has a current enrollment of more than 15,000 full-time undergraduates and postgraduates and a staff of 1,300. It boasts the teaching and research equipment valued over 100 million yuan, and book collection of 1 million volumes. The good teaching and research facilities prepare the university for continued improvement in education standard.
About HDU Over the years, the university has adhered to the right education orientations. It resorts to reform and looks to future development through coordinated improvement in scale, structure, quality and effectiveness. It devotes itself to fostering cross-disciplinary talents good with innovative spirit and practical skills. As a result, it is widely recognized for its good education standard. Also, the university is among the top few universities in Zhejiang in terms of successful employment rate and postgraduate program admission rate of graduates. At present, the university is at its prime time of development. The staff and students, with concerted effort, shall carry forward the tradition of working hard in an effort to create a distinct and domestically noted university that combines teaching and research undertakings.
Campus Scenery Sometimes, I’d like to walk around the campus in Wenyi Road after supper. You can enjoy the peace and beauty there, especially in autumn, when the air is heavy with fragrance of sweet-scented osmanthus.
The Teaching Building The Administration Building
Part two: Reading centered activities In-class Reading In-class Reading Becoming a Successful Student Becoming a Successful Student
Video watching Elle woods followed her boy friend to the Yale Law School. There she met some students who are absolutely different species from herself. Obviously she will encounter something awkward in her first week at school. Let’s see what awaits her on her enrollment…
I first began to wonder what I was doing on a college campus when my parents drove off, leaving me standing pitifully in a parking lot. I decided I wanted nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. It seemed that everyone on campus was watching me. My plan was to keep my ears open and my mouth shut and I hoped no one would notice I was a freshman.I decided I wanted nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. W S P Q1 Text
2 The next morning I found my first class and marched in. Once I was in the room, however, another problem awaited me. Where to sit? After much hesitation I chose a seat in the first row and to the side.awaitedhesitation 3 “Welcome to Biology 101 1,” the professor began. Oh, God, I had thought it was a literature class. A cold sweat broke out on the back of my neck. I groped for my schedule and checked the room number. I was in the right room but the wrong building.broke out gropedschedule 4 So now what? 2 Get up and leave in the middle of the lecture? Wouldn’t the professor be angry? I knew everyone would stare. Forget it. 3 I settled into my chair and tried to look as serious as a biology major might be.settled major W S P
5 After class I felt a little hungry, and I hurried to the cafeteria. I piled my tray with sandwiches and was heading for the seat when I accidentally stepped in a large puddle of ketchup. My food tray tipped and I lost my balance. As my rear end met the floor, I saw my entire life pass before my eyes; it ended with my first day of college classes.I piled my tray with sandwiches and was heading for the seat when I accidentally stepped in a large puddle of ketchup. tipped rear 6 In the seconds after my fall I thought how nice it would be if no one had noticed. But as all the students in the cafeteria came to their feet, cheering and clapping, I knew they had not only noticed, they were determined that I would never forget it. determined W S P
7 For the next three days I dined alone on nothing more than shame, and some junk food from a machine placed outside my room. On the fourth day I thought I needed some real food badly. Perhaps three days was long enough for the campus population 4 to have forgotten me. So off to the cafeteria I went. 8 I made my way through the food line and tiptoed to a table. Suddenly I heard a crash that sounded familiar. I looked up to find that another poor soul 5 had met the same fate as I had. My heart went out to him as people began to cheer and clap as they had for me. 6 He got up, hands held high above his head in a victory clasp, grinning from ear to ear. 7 I expected him to slip out of the cafeteria as I had, but instead he turned around and began preparing 8 another tray. And that’s when I realized I had been taking myself far too seriously.crash I looked up to find that another poor soul 5 had met the same fate as I had. far too W S P Q2 Q3
9 Who cared whether I dropped a tray, where I sat in class, or even whether I showed up in the wrong lecture? Nobody. This wasn’t like high school. In college, it didn’t matter. This was my big chance to do my own thing. 10 Once I realized that I had no one’s expectations to live up to but my own, I relaxed. I began to view college as a wonderful experiment. I dressed a little differently, I discovered a taste for jazz, and I decided I liked going barefoot.live up to view college as 11 I gave up trying to act my way through college and began not acting at all. College, I decided, was probably the only time I would be completely forgiven for any mistakes (including stepping in puddles of ketchup and dropping food trays). So I used the opportunity to make all the ones I thought I’d ever make.College, I decided, was probably the only time I would be forgiven 12 Three years after graduation, I’m still making mistakes. And I’m even being forgiven for a few. W S P Q4
Await Crash Grope Hesitation Rear Schedule Break out Far too Live up to somebody’s expectation View…as Determine Forgive Major Settle Tip back Words and Phrases Appendix I
1. I decided I wanted nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. I decided I wanted nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. 2. I piled my tray with sandwiches and was heading for the seat when I accidentally stepped in a large puddle of ketchup. I piled my tray with sandwiches and was heading for the seat when I accidentally stepped in a large puddle of ketchup. 3. I looked up to find that another poor soul 5 had met the same fate as I had. I looked up to find that another poor soul 5 had met the same fate as I had. 4. College, I decided, was probably the only time I would be completely forgiven for any mistakes (including stepping in puddles of ketchup and dropping food trays). College, I decided, was probably the only time I would be completely forgiven for any mistakes (including stepping in puddles of ketchup and dropping food trays). back Sentence Study Appendix II
How did the writer feel the first day on campus after her parents had left? (para 1) What mistakes did she made on her first class day? What was her reaction? (para 2-7) What was the first mistake? What was the second mistake? What was the mistake made by another college student ? What was his reaction? (para 8) What were the writer ’ s thoughts on making mistakes? (para 9- 12) Retell the story with the help of the following questions back Text Structure Appendix III next
Try to connect these separated sentences into a complete passage I got very nervous when I was left alone on the campus the first day. The next morning, I firstwent to the wrong class Then in the cafeteria, I accidentally stepped in a puddle of ketchup, dropped the food tray and fell to the ground Every one cheered and clapped which made me felt ashamed. I dared not go to the cafeteria for 3 days. On the fourth day, I venture back and happened to see another student did the same thing---. he also dropped the food tray and fell to the ground. When other students cheered, he seemed to feel that nothing serious had happened. Then I realized that I had been taking myself too seriously. I became aware that it didn’t matter if one made any mistakes in college and making mistakes is a forgivable even after graduation.
Post Reading Activities Retell the story Summary Questions (oral homework)
Summary Questions hints Do you still remember any mistakes you have made in college ? In your life? What were they? How should we encourage others or ourselves to develop a healthy attitude to mistakes ?
1.Perhaps the greatest Mistake anyone can make is being conscious of never making any. For it is indeed a truism that the man who never makes a Mistake is also the one who never does anything. 2.The error of the past is the wisdom and success of the future. 3.To err is human. back Summary Questions
After-Class Reading Becoming s Successful Student Warming-Up Activities Text Post-Reading Activities
Warming-up Activities Give a description of a successful college student in your mind. 4As: AttitudeAttitude Academic skills Awareness Accomplishments What makes a successful college student? hint
Key Words and Phrases At ease Bear/keep in mind Make it (to) Take advantage of Take responsibility for Aid n./v Assignment n. Available adj. Characteristic n. Discipline v./n. Effectively (effect/ effective) Loan n./ v. Reference (refer to)
Difficult Sentences 1. So you’ve finally made it to college. (L1) 2. You need to have a good self-image so you can turn what seems like defeat into a positive learning situation. (L9-10)
Post-reading Questions Which do you think is/are the most important virtue(s) among the seven tips offered in the text? Why? According to your opinion, what tip(s) else should be added to the list? Why? What kind of college student you dream to be?
Attitude is primarily a genuine desire to learn, and the willingness to do hard intellectual work to achieve understanding. It is also shown by how well you apply yourself even to subjects in which you have little interest, and how much you can achieve even when a professor's style isn't to your liking. back
Academic skills include ability to read with comprehension, intelligent use of resources (including library resources), logical and mathematical skills, efficient study habits, and the ability to communicate clearly and fluently in speaking and writing back
Awareness of what's going on in the world around you, and the habit of intelligently relating it to your academic courses. For example, when taking a course in political science, you should relate what you are learning in class to what's happening on the national and world political scene. When taking a science course, you should relate scientific principles to phenomena you observe in everyday life, and go out of your way to find applications and examples of science in the real world. back
Accomplishment is demonstrated by successful application of understanding. The evidence of that is: Correct and confident application of what you've learned to new problems and challenges, clear and effective communication of your understanding through speaking and writing, and possession of a base of information, skills and understanding sufficient to allow you to continue your education outside of the classroom, throughout your life. back
Self-discipline Initiative Breadth of interests An open mind A critical habit of mind Perceptiveness Objectivity Humility back
Text Structure Sentence Study Words and Phrases
How I felt the first day on campus. (Para.1) 1) I was wondering what I was doing. 2) I was standing pitifully. 3) It seemed that everyone on campus was watching me. 4) I hoped that no one would notice I was a freshman. back
Mistakes I made on my first class day and my reaction (Para.2~7) 1) The first mistake I made: I went to the wrong class. (Para. 2~4) 2) The second mistake I made: I stepped in a puddle of ketchup, dropped the food tray and fell to the ground. (Para. 5~6) 3) My reaction: I felt ashamed. (Para. 7) back
The mistake made by another college student: he also dropped the food tray and fell to the ground. (Para.8) His reaction to it: He seemed to feel that nothing serious had happened. back
My reflections on making mistakes (Para.9~12) 1) It didn’t matter if one made mistakes in college. (Para. 9~11) 2) Making mistakes is forgivable even after graduation. (Para. 12) back
1.I decided I wanted nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. (Line 2) want nothing more than to do… 只想做 …… back
She told me at the other end of the telephone line that she wanted nothing more than to listen to my voice again. 她在电话的那一端告诉我她只想再听听我的声音。 目前，我只想把英语学好，通过四级考试。 Now, I want nothing more than to study English well and pass the Band-4 examination. back
我决定我最想做的就是要好好地回 到寝室。 1.I decided I wanted nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. (Line 2) back
2. I piled my tray with sandwiches and was heading for the seat when I accidentally stepped in a large puddle of ketchup. (Line16) when 在此句中表示 “ 这时 （突然） ……” 。 表此意时， when 往往放在句中。 back
所引导的从句的动作与主句的动作同时 发生。这时也可以用 as 或 while 。 She entered the room when (while, as) the meeting was going on. 正当开会的时候她走进了房间。 when 的三种用法： back
所引导的从句的动作先于主句动 作。这时不能用 as, while 替换。 当我起床的时候，发现桌子上有张纸条。 When I got up, I found a note on the table. back
表示 “ 这时（突然） ……” I was walking along the road when suddenly someone patted me on the shoulder from behind. 我正在路上走着，这时忽然有人从 后面拍拍我的肩膀。 back
2. I piled my tray with sandwiches and was heading for the seat when I accidentally stepped in a large puddle of ketchup. (Line16) 我往托盘里装了些三明治就朝座位走去。 就在这时，我无意中踩了一大滩番茄酱。 back
to find that … 此处表示结果状语，可理解为 “ 结果 却发现 ……” 。 不定式的主要功能之一就是作结果状语， 这时不定式表示的动作往往在谓语动作 之后发生。另外，不定式前也常加 only 引出结果。 3. I looked up to find that another poor soul had met the same fate as I had. （ Line 33 ） back
A few days later he came back only to find that the troops had left. 他几天后回来时，发现部队已经离开了。 He studied hard only to fail. 他学习很努力，但却没及格。 back
下列形容词是对人进行表扬或批评的，后面 常接不定式表示结果。 right, polite, crazy, generous, good, greedy, kind, selfish, silly, nice, unselfish, splendid, unkind, etc. 【例】 She is very polite to show us the way. 她很有礼貌地给我们指路。 back
他很慷慨，借给我们一大笔钱。 He is generous ___________________________. 他从战场上逃跑了，却为土著所杀。 He escaped from the battlefield __________________________. 她醒来了，发现自己被锁在一个房间里。 She awoke ___________________________. to lend us a large sum of money only to be killed by the natives to find herself locked in a room back
我抬头看见一个可怜的家伙遭遇了和我 一样的命运。 3. I looked up to find that another poor soul had met the same fate as I had. （ Line 33 ） back
4. College, I decided, was probably the only time I would be completely forgiven for any mistakes. （ Line 47 ） It is the only time + to do sth. / 从句 ( 唯一 ) 做 …… 的时间 / 阶段 back
童年是我们一生中唯一没有烦恼的一段时期。 Childhood is _____________________________________. Presidency was the only time he would rather never forget. 那段总统任期是他永远也不想忘记的 唯一的一段时期。 the only time we have no worries in our lives back
在我看来，大学阶段可能会是自己犯任何 错误都可以得到完全谅解的唯一一个阶段。 4. College, I decided, was probably the only time I would be completely forgiven for any mistakes. （ Line 47 ） back
1. hesitation (Line 7, Para. 2) n. waiting and not deciding 犹豫 A qualified soldier should _______________________ _______________. 一名合格的士兵应该在战场上勇往直前。 George. W. Bush ________________ in whether or not sentencing Osama Bin Laden to death. 在是否要判处本 · 拉登死刑的问题上，小布什有些犹豫不决。 march forward on battlefield without hesitation felt some hesitation back
2. await (Line 7, Para. 2) 和 wait 的词义辨析 两词均含有 “ 等待 ” 之意， Don’t wait if I am late. Many enthusiastic fans were waiting for famous singer Jay Chow to arrive at the airport. wait (vi.) 着重指静候于某处，直到期待之人， 物或事物的来临或出现。很少用作及物动词。 许多热心的歌迷正在机场等待着著名歌手周杰伦的 到来。 万一我来晚了，不要等我。 back
await (vt.) 有时可与 wait 互换，但 await 的语气更为 正式，常用于书面语中，往往着重指不断等待认 为必然会出现的人或事，有时含耐心之意。 Success never comes to those who await it idly. 成功决不会降临到那些坐等的人身上。 All people were awaiting their king to return. 所有的民众都在等待着他们的国王的归来。 back
请用 “wait” 或 “await” 两词的适当形式填空。 His wife never keeps him ________. I’ll _______ you in the car. An especially good dinner _________ us at the inn. waiting wait for awaited back
3. break out (Line 10, Para. 3) suddenly become covered (especially with spots on the skin) 被突然布满 …… She broke out in cold sweat after hearing the horrible news. 听到那个可怕的消息后她出了一身冷汗。 Spots ( 皮疹 ) broke out on his back due to his allergy ( 过敏 ). 因为过敏，他的背上长满了皮疹。 back
She groped for her cellphone in her bag. Batman ______________________, trying to find the button of the exit. 4. grope (Line 10, Para. 3) vi. feel with the hand 摸索 她在包里摸她的手机。 蝙蝠侠在黑暗中摸索出口的按钮。 groped around in the dark back
5. schedule (Line 11, Para. 3) n. a list of planned activities or things to be done at or during a particular time 日程表 The next thing on the famous singer’s schedule is to attend a news conference in a nearby hotel. 这位著名歌星日程安排中要做的下一件事是去附近 的一家酒店出席一个新闻发布会。 The new train schedule is available everywhere in the railway station. 新的列车时刻表在火车站处处都有。 back
联合国秘书长安南定于下午 4 点钟与 911 受害者的家属见面。 Mr. Kofi. Annan, the Secretary General of the UN, _____________ meet the relatives of the victims of the 911 terrorist attacks at 4 in the afternoon. v. [ 美 ] 排定，安排 5. schedule (Line 11, Para. 3) is scheduled to back
6. settle (Line 14, Para. 4) v. 1) sit down 坐下 General settled into his chair again and started to reconsider the upcoming negotiation. 将军坐回到自己的椅子上开始重新 考虑即将到来的谈判。 back
We quickly settled (ourselves) in our new house. 6. settle (Line 14, Para. 4) v. 2) 安置；安顿 We are quickly settled in our new house. 我们很快在新居安顿了下来。 back
7. major (Line 15, Para. 4) n. specialty [ 美 ] 大学中的主修科目, （某门课的）主修学生 He planned to take chemistry as his major. 著名的流行歌曲作者高晓松曾是清华大学的电子工程专 业的学生。 他打算将化学作为自己的主修学科。 Famous pop composer Gao Xiaosong is once an electronic engineering major of Tsinghua University. back
Sometimes the managers of the state-owned enterprises should give those laid-off workers _________________. 有时国有企业的管理者应该重点关心下岗工人。 ________________________ applauded for the young singer. 大部分的观众都为这位年轻的歌手拍手喝彩。 adj. greater in importance or extent 重要的，重大的，主要的，较大范围的 7. major (Line 15, Para. 4) major consideration The major part of the audience back
vi. [ 美 ] 主修，专攻 (in) That girl majors in software development at MIT. 那个女孩在麻省理工学院主攻软件开发。 7. major (Line 15, Para. 4) back
While listening to the President’s speech, he ______________________ to show his scorn. 在听总统演讲的时候，他把头歪向一边表示不屑。 8. tip (Line 18, Para. 5) vt.& vi. n. slope （使）倾斜，（使）翻倒 tipped his head to one side back
They witnessed the Rolls Royce _________________. 他们目睹了那辆劳斯莱斯翻到了沟里。 We found that the pillar_______________________. 我们发现那根柱子稍稍向南倾斜。 tipped into the ditch had a slight tip to the south back
9. rear (Line 18, Para. 5) n. the back 后部，背 Please move to the rear of the bus! 请往车厢的后面走走！ The dining hall is in the rear of our teaching building. 餐厅在我们的教学楼的后部。 back
v. to bring up 抚育，培养 Mrs. Gao Yaojie adopted and reared countless AIDS orphans. 高耀洁女士收养抚育了无数 的艾滋孤儿。 9. rear (Line 18, Para. 5) back
vt. decide 决定，确定 Famous swordsman novelist Jin Yong ___________________________ to continue his writing career. 著名武侠小说作家金庸先生决定 重出江湖，继续自己的写作生涯。 10. determine (Line 23, Para. 6) determines to make a comeback back
10. determine (Line 23, Para. 6) be determined to do sth. 决定做某事 Famed movie director Zhang Yimou _______________ _____________________________________________. 著名电影导演张艺谋决定在他的新片当中给年轻 演员更多的机会。 is determined to give the young actors more opportunities in his new film back
There was a loud crash in your room. I’m sure that it was your cat that was making trouble. 你的房间里传来一声很响的东西摔碎的 声音。我敢肯定是你的猫又在捣乱了。 11. crash (Line 33, Para. 8) n. 1) loud noise when something falls over 撞击声，跌落声 back
It is quite a pity that famous poet Xu Zhimo was unfortunately killed in a plane crash. 著名诗人徐志摩在一次飞机坠毁 事故中丧生，这是一件让人非常 遗憾的事。 2) accident where cars, planes, etc., are damaged ( 交通工具的 ) 剧烈碰撞事故 11. crash (Line 33, Para. 8) back
12. far too (Line 39, Para. 8) The dream team of the United States is far too powerful to be defeated. 美国的梦之队太强大了，可以说不可战胜。 very much, much too 太 …… ，极 …… Our manger is far too busy recently. 近来我们的经理非常地忙碌。 back
Chinese under-23 national football team’s performance in the 28 th Olympic qualifier _______________________ __________________________. 中国 23 岁以下国家足球队在第 28 届奥运会资格赛上的表现根 本无法达到中国球迷的期望。 13. live up to one’s expectations (Line 43, Para. 10) be as good as expected 达到 …… 的期望 could not live up to Chinese football fans’ expectations at all back
We didn’t enjoy our holiday; it didn’t live up to our expectations. 这个假期我们过得并不好，因为它没有达到我们的 期望。 13. live up to one’s expectations (Line 43, Para. 10) be as good as expected 达到 …… 的期望 back
14. view something/somebody as (Line 44, Para. 10) regard something/somebody in a particular way 把 …… 看作是 Many music critics view Cui Jian as the pioneer of the rock-and-roll in the mainland of China. 很多乐评人把崔健看作是中国大陆摇 滚乐的先驱。 back
15. forgive (Line 47, Para. 11) vt. to stop feeling angry at somebody; excuse someone for a fault or offense 原谅，饶恕，宽恕 Some American soldiers could not be forgiven for their maltreatment on the Iraqi prisoner. 一些美军士兵虐待伊拉克战俘的行为是不能被宽恕的。 He forgave his brother for being rude. 他原谅了他弟弟的莽撞。 back
A cold sweat broke outthe back of my neck A cold sweat broke out on the back of my neck. (Line 10) 此句翻译可按原文的结构顺序直译即 : 冷汗从脖子上 冒出来。但英汉进行结构对等翻译的例子少之甚少, 所以 可以考虑将原文中某些成份的功能和位置加以变动, 从而 达到译文与原文在功能上的对等和语感上的自然。 我的脖子冒出了冷汗。
within your power. It is a task well within your power. 你完全可以胜任。 这一任务，你完全可以胜任。 in nature Electricity is always identical in nature. 性质 电的性质总是一样的。 He is the last person I will ask for help He is the last person I will ask for help. 我是不会求他的 我是不会求他的。 q
hands held highin a victory claspgrinning from ear to ear He got up, hands held high above his head in a victory clasp, grinning from ear to ear. (Line 36) 本句可采取拆分法将原文中的补充成份即名词短 语和分词短语分别处理为译文中的几个连动短句，使 译文通顺自然。 咧嘴大笑，双手 紧握高举做出胜利的 姿势。 他站起身，咧嘴大笑，双手 紧握高举在头顶上，做出胜利的 姿势。
driving out darkness choking the shadows Sunrays filtered in wherever they could, driving out darkness and choking the shadows. 赶走了黑暗驱散了幽 阳光射入了它所能透过的所有地方，赶走了黑暗，驱散了幽 影。 影。 a universally accepted law Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, a universally accepted law. 这是一条公认的规律。 能量既不能被创造也不能被消灭，这是一条公认的规律。 justifiably The Chinese seemed justifiably proud of their economic achievements. 这合乎情理。 中国人似乎为他们在经济上取得的成就而自豪，这合乎情理。
my own Once I realized that I had no one’s expectations to live up to but my own, I relaxed. (Line 43) 本句处理的关键在于补充或增加原文在句法上省略 的部分，从而使译文更加清晰、通顺地表达原文的思想 内容。 自己满意就行 一旦意识到我不必考虑别人的期 望，而只要自己满意就行，我感到释 然。
washed Mary washed for a living after her husband died of acute pneumonia. royal She was more royal than the royals. 皇家气质。 她比皇室成员更有皇家气质。 know something I’d like to know something about your scientific experiment. 情况。 我想了解一下你们科学实验方面的情况。 洗衣服 玛丽在丈夫患急性肺炎去世后, 就靠洗衣服维持生活。
Listen to a story and try to answer questions: Q1. What scores did the speaker have on her December card? Three Cs, two Ds, and an F. Q2. What was the lesson learned after her trick had been exposed? She has learned to make the grade, not to change it on the card. Q3. Who do you think called the speaker’s mother? Her teacher.
My parents were always telling me to raise my grades, but they would never tell me how. After getting one bad report card after another, I knew I had to do something drastic. When my December card arrived with three Cs, two Ds, and an F, I was afraid to show it to my mother. That's when I came up with the brilliant idea of changing the F to an A. It was really quite simple just to give the F another leg. When I showed the card to my mother, she was very excited to see the one good grade. She gave me a hug and a kiss and, most important of all, a bigger allowance. Everyone was happy in my house until two nights later when the phone rang.
My mother answered it, listened, and then looked at me with blood in her eyes. She told me that there were some things much worse than failing, and that cheating was one of them. I tried to argue. I said she was the one who had told me to change my grades. That made her really angry, and she said that I knew that ’ s not what she had meant. Then she gave me a whipping and took away my allowance for a month. Since then I have learned to make the grade, not change it on the card.
Listening Exercises II Listen to the following extract of a speech and have a discussion.
“ The Doors That Are Open to Us ” — Hong Ye “ 机会之门就在前方 ”
The first door I see is the (1)_________ to study different kinds of (2)_________ that interest us. My aunt said she was happy to study (3)________, but she was also happy that she could attend lectures on (4)__________ Chinese poetry and on Shakespeare drama. As for myself, I am an English (5)___, but I may also go to lectures on history. To me, if college education in the past emphasized (6)____________, now, it emphasizes free and (7) ____________ development of each individual. So all the fine achievements of human (8)_______ are open to us.
The first door I see is the opportunity to study different kinds of subjects that interest us. My aunt said she was happy to study management, but she was also happy that she could attend lectures on ancient Chinese poetry and on Shakespeare drama. As for myself, I am an English major, but I may also go to lectures on history. To me, if college education in the past emphasized specialization, now, it emphasizes free and well-rounded development of each individual. So all the fine achievements of human civilization are open to us.